Changing Trends of HIV/AIDS in Otorhinolaryngology with CD4+ Count Correlation View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

Y. K. Kirti, J. K. Yashveer, V. K. Poorey

ABSTRACT

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) affects the vital cells of the immune system eventually leading to a fall in the cell mediated immunity. As the disease progresses CD4 (+) (cluster of differentiation4) cells reduce, therefore is a good indicator of the ongoing disease process [1]. HIV infection has myriads of disease presentation; the aim of our study was to correlate the otorhinolaryngological manifestations with the CD4 (+) counts. A clinical study, of 100 HIV positive patients was done from 2008 to 2011. A clinical evaluation revealed 76 % incidence of otorhinolaryngological findings. Oropharyngeal manifestations were the commonest, seen in 48 %, predominantly oropharyngeal candidiasis. Neck nodes were found in 20 % of the patients. 31 % had otological manifestations of which retracted tympanic membrane (eustachian tube dysfunction) was the commonest. 18 % had nasal symptoms of which rhinosinusitis was the commonest being 14 %. The mean CD4 (+) count was below 200 in patients who presented with oropharyngeal candidiasis, otitis externa and epistaxis. With the use and availability of HAART (Highly active antiretroviral therapy) more and more patients with higher CD4 (+) count are presenting with a different spectrum of more subtle disease manifestations, with lower incidence of the classical diseases like candidiasis. A routine otorhinolaryngological evaluation at every visit with high index of suspicion can help in better disease control and give a better quality of life. More... »

PAGES

12-15

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1987-05. Otorhinolaryngological findings in AIDS patients: a study of 63 cases in EUROPEAN ARCHIVES OF OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12070-014-0712-8

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12070-014-0712-8

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25621247


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