Angiotensin II Causes Neuronal Damage in Stretch-Injured Neurons: Protective Effects of Losartan, an Angiotensin T1 Receptor Blocker View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2018-07

AUTHORS

P. M. Abdul-Muneer, Saurav Bhowmick, Nicholas Briski

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin II (Ang II) is a mediator of oxidative stress via activation/induction of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species-generating enzymes, NADPH oxidase (NOX) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). We investigated the hypothesis that overproduction of Ang II during traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces the activation of the oxidative stress, which triggers neuroinflammation and cell apoptosis in a cell culture model of neuronal stretch injury. We first established that stretch injury causes a rapid increase in the level of Ang II, which causes the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, IL-1β and TNF-α, via the induction of oxidative stress. Since angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) mediates the production of Ang II via the conversion of Ang I into Ang II, we analyzed the expression of ACE by western blotting. Further, we analyzed caspase-3-mediated apoptosis by TUNEL staining and annexin V western blotting. Angiotensin type I (AT1) receptor antagonist losartan attenuated Ang II-induced oxidative stress and associated neuroinflammation and cell death in cultured neurons. Remarkably, we noticed that the expression of Ang II type 1 receptor (AngT1R) upregulated in neuronal stretch injury; losartan mitigates this upregulation. Findings from this study significantly extend our understanding of the pathophysiology of TBI and may have significant implications for developing therapeutic strategies for TBI-associated brain dysfunctions. More... »

PAGES

5901-5912

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-017-0812-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-017-0812-z

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092579417

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29119534


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