Demyelination-Induced Inflammation Attracts Newly Born Neurons to the White Matter View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-10

AUTHORS

Samah Kalakh, Abdeslam Mouihate

ABSTRACT

There is compelling evidence that microglial activation negatively impacts neurogenesis. However, microglia have also been shown to promote recruitment of newly born neurons to injured areas of the gray matter. In the present study, we explored whether demyelination-triggered inflammation alters the process of neurogenesis in the white matter. A 2-μl solution of 0.04 % ethidium bromide was stereotaxically injected into the corpus callosum of adult male rats. Brain inflammation was dampened by daily injections of progesterone (5 mg/kg, s.c.) for 14 days. Control rats received oil (s.c.). Newly born neurons (DCX and Tbr2), microglia (Iba-1), astrocytes (vimentin or GFAP), oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs; NG2), and mature oligodendrocytes (CC-1) were monitored in the vicinity of demyelination site using immunofluorescent staining. Western blot was used to explore microglial polarization using M1 (iNOS) and M2 (arginase-1) markers. Focal demyelination elicited strong microglial and astroglial activation and reduced the number of OPCs at the site of demyelination. This inflammatory response was associated with enhanced number of newly born neurons in the white matter and the subventricular zone (SVZ). A proportion of newly born neurons within the white matter showed features of OPCs. Interestingly, blunting brain inflammation led to reduced neurogenesis around the demyelination area and in the SVZ. These data suggest that the white matter inflammation creates a conducive environment for the recruitment of newly born neurons. The fact that a sizable fraction of these newly born neurons adopt OPC features suggests that they could contribute to the remyelination process. More... »

PAGES

5905-5918

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-016-0127-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-016-0127-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028257221

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27660277


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-016-0127-5'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-016-0127-5'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-016-0127-5'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-016-0127-5'


 

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