Mitochondrial DNA Haplogroup A Decreases the Risk of Drug Addiction but Conversely Increases the Risk of HIV-1 Infection in Chinese ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-08

AUTHORS

A-Mei Zhang, Qiu-Xiang Hu, Feng-Liang Liu, Rui Bi, Bi-Qing Yang, Wen Zhang, Hao Guo, Ian Logan, Yong-Tang Zheng, Yong-Gang Yao

ABSTRACT

Drug addiction is one of the most serious social problems in the world today and addicts are always at a high risk of acquiring HIV infection. Mitochondrial impairment has been reported in both drug addicts and in HIV patients undergoing treatment. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup could affect the risk of drug addiction and HIV-1 infection in Chinese. We analyzed mtDNA sequence variations of 577 Chinese intravenous drug addicts (289 with HIV-1 infection and 288 without) and compared with 2 control populations (n = 362 and n = 850). We quantified the viral load in HIV-1-infected patients with and without haplogroup A status and investigated the potential effect of haplogroup A defining variants m.4824A > G and m.8794C > T on the cellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels by using an allotopic expression assay. mtDNA haplogroup A had a protective effect against drug addiction but appeared to confer an increased risk of HIV infection in addicts. HIV-1-infected addicts with haplogroup A had a trend for a higher viral load, although the mean viral load was similar between carriers of haplogroup A and those with other haplogroup. Hela cells overexpressing allele m.8794 T showed significantly decreased ROS levels as compared to cells with the allele m.8794C (P = 0.03). Our results suggested that mtDNA haplogroup A might protect against drug addiction but increase the risk of HIV-1 infection. The contradictory role of haplogroup A might be caused by an alteration in mitochondrial function due to a particular mtDNA ancestral variant. More... »

PAGES

3873-3881

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12035-015-9323-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-015-9323-y

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034471543

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26162319


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