Extended Culture of Encapsulated Human Blastocysts in Alginate Hydrogel Containing Decidualized Endometrial Stromal Cells in the Presence of Melatonin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-10

AUTHORS

Fatemeh Arjmand, Manijeh Khanmohammadi, Shaghayegh Arasteh, Afsaneh Mohammadzadeh, Somaieh Kazemnejad, Mohammad-Mehdi Akhondi

ABSTRACT

Extended in vitro culture of human embryos beyond blastocyst stage could serve as a tool to explore the molecular and physiological mechanisms underlying embryo development and to identify factors regulating pregnancy outcomes. This study presents the first report on the maintenance of human embryo in vitro by alginate co-encapsulation of human blastocyst and decidualized endometrial stromal cells (EnSCs) under melatonin-fortified culture conditions. The effectiveness of the 3D culture system was studied through monitoring of embryo development in terms of survival time, viability, morphological changes, and production of the two hormones of 17b-oestradiol and human chorionic gonadotropin. The embryo structural integrity was preserved during alginate encapsulation; however, only 23 % of the encapsulated embryos could retain in the hydrogels over time and survived until day 4 post-encapsulation. The culture medium fortification with melatonin significantly elevated the maintenance rate of expanded embryos in alginate beads by 65 % and prolonged survival time of human embryos to day 5. Furthermore, embryo co-culture with EnSCs using melatonin-fortified medium increased the survival time of encapsulated embryos to 44 %. The levels of two measured hormones significantly rose at day 4 in comparison with day 2 post-encapsulation especially in the group co-encapsulated with EnSCs and cultivated in melatonin-fortified culture medium. These data are the first evidence representing in vitro development of human embryos until day 10 post-fertilization. This achievement can facilitate the investigation of the mechanisms regulating human embryo development. More... »

PAGES

684-694

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12033-016-9968-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12033-016-9968-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051588060

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27514657


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