The Synergic Effect of Tetramethylpyrazine Phosphate and Borneol for Protecting Against Ischemia Injury in Cortex and Hippocampus Regions by Modulating ... View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-09

AUTHORS

Bin Yu, Ming Ruan, Tao Liang, Shi-Wen Huang, Yun Yu, Hai-Bo Cheng, Xiang-Chun Shen

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the synergic effects of tetramethylpyrazine phosphate (TMPP) and borneol (BO) for protecting against ischemia in the cortex and hippocampus. A rat model of global cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (GCIR) was induced by four-vessel occlusion. The results showed that TMPP (13.3 mg/kg), BO (0.16 g/kg), and their combination improved the ultrastructure of neurons, reduced the apoptosis index, and reduced the intracellular calcium content in both the cortex and hippocampus. TMPP and the combined treatment increased cortex autophagy by modulating phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (pAMPK) in the pAMPK-mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)-Unc-51-like kinase 1 (ULK1) signaling pathway, whereas BO only regulated ULK1. Moreover, BO increased neuron autophagy in the hippocampus by modulating mTOR, whereas TMPP targeted both mTOR and Beclin1. Similarly, the combination targeted both pAMPK and Beclin1. All three treatments decreased the expression of p53 and caspase-3 in the two areas. Additionally, TMPP and the combined therapy regulated Bax and Bcl-2. These results demonstrated the synergic effects between TMPP and BO for treating ischemia-reperfusion injury in the cortex and hippocampus regions. Their neuroprotective effects could be partly attributed to switching from apoptosis to protective autophagy. Additionally, the potential mechanism triggering this switching could be ascribed to the reduction of intracellular calcium content. More... »

PAGES

70-83

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12031-017-0958-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12031-017-0958-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091049470

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28779236


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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

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RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

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