Incidental Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma: Diagnostic Findings in a Series of 287 Carcinomas View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-07-06

AUTHORS

Fabio Pagni, Marta Jaconi, Alberto Delitala, Mattia Garancini, Matteo Maternini, Francesca Bono, Alessandro Giani, Andrew Smith, the San Gerardo Hospital collaborators group

ABSTRACT

The recent increase in the detection of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) has been influenced by the finding of incidental tumours. To this group, carcinomas measuring less than 1 cm (the so-called microcarcinomas) as well as those above 1 cm belong. Analyzing a case series from our own experience, this paper focuses on the current pre-operative diagnostic challenges that can lead to PTC incidental discovery. For this retrospective study, 287 patients with a PTC diagnosis were selected. For each, the following variables were analysed: sex, age, ultrasound (US) appearance, number of thyroid nodules, PTC size, PTC variants and presence of other associated pathology. Pre-operative fine needle aspiration (FNA) results were classified according to the five-tiered SIAPEC system. For 281 patients, the US-guided FNA results were available. Cytohistological correlation was evaluated in terms of FNA sensitivity and false negative rate. An incidental PTC was found in 45.2 % of patients. The majority of these were due to unsuccessful US detection of malignant nodules (103 cases); incorrect cytological diagnosis was responsible for the other 24 cases. The most powerful clinical confounding factors were: multinodular background versus single nodule presentations (p < 0.001) and histotype (follicular vs conventional variant, p < 0.05). Of course, tumour size remains a strongly influential feature on pre-operative diagnosis, with greater difficulties arising for carcinomas <5 mm. Moreover, FNA sensitivity was lower also in large PTCs (>2 cm) due to tumour heterogeneity. Although with limitations related to the tumour’s intrinsic features and the thyroid background, US-guided FNA, especially if performed by a dedicated multidisciplinary team, is a powerful diagnostic tool for detecting malignant thyroid nodules. To the state of the art, we propose a practical clinical-pathological cut-off for this procedure, setting it at 5 mm. More... »

PAGES

288-296

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12022-014-9323-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12022-014-9323-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036251231

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24997780


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