Cathepsins K and S: Role in Bone, Adipocytes, and Glucose Regulation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2015-03

AUTHORS

C. Wilczynski, S. Samarasinghe, M. A. Emanuele, N. Emanuele, L. Shah, A. Mazhari

ABSTRACT

Cathepsins are a diverse group of proteases that are increasingly being recognized for their role in various disease states. The focus of this article is to review the data regarding the activity of cathepsin K and cathepsin S in adipocyte differentiation and function as well as glucose metabolism. Data from animal and human studies have shown up-regulation of cathepsin K expression in white adipose tissue of overweight/obese mice and humans. Cathepsin K appears to affect adipocyte differentiation as well as weight gain. Data from studies using cathepsin K blocking agents suggest that by blocking cathepsin K, there is reduction in adipocyte differentiation and weight gain. Cathepsin K also may play a role in glucose metabolism with higher cathepsin K levels being associated with insulin resistance. Cathepsin S is also overexpressed in adipose tissue of overweight/obese subjects. Both murine and human models have been studied to further investigate its role in adipocytes and obesity. Cathepsin S appears to be involved in glucose dysregulation as well as pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. Further studies are necessary to better characterize the role of cathepsin K and S and to examine whether there is potential for targeted therapy for prevention and treatment of obesity as well as diabetes mellitus. More... »

PAGES

2-10

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12018-015-9177-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12018-015-9177-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013714454


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    "description": "Cathepsins are a diverse group of proteases that are increasingly being recognized for their role in various disease states. The focus of this article is to review the data regarding the activity of cathepsin K and cathepsin S in adipocyte differentiation and function as well as glucose metabolism. Data from animal and human studies have shown up-regulation of cathepsin K expression in white adipose tissue of overweight/obese mice and humans. Cathepsin K appears to affect adipocyte differentiation as well as weight gain. Data from studies using cathepsin K blocking agents suggest that by blocking cathepsin K, there is reduction in adipocyte differentiation and weight gain. Cathepsin K also may play a role in glucose metabolism with higher cathepsin K levels being associated with insulin resistance. Cathepsin S is also overexpressed in adipose tissue of overweight/obese subjects. Both murine and human models have been studied to further investigate its role in adipocytes and obesity. Cathepsin S appears to be involved in glucose dysregulation as well as pathogenesis of diabetes mellitus. Further studies are necessary to better characterize the role of cathepsin K and S and to examine whether there is potential for targeted therapy for prevention and treatment of obesity as well as diabetes mellitus.", 
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Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12018-015-9177-x'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12018-015-9177-x'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12018-015-9177-x'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12018-015-9177-x'


 

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