The Eosinophil in Infection View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-04

AUTHORS

Karen A. Ravin, Michael Loy

ABSTRACT

First described by Paul Ehrlich in 1879, who noted its characteristic staining by acidophilic dyes, for many years, the eosinophil was considered to be an end-effector cell associated with helminth infections and a cause of tissue damage. Over the past 30 years, research has helped to elucidate the complexity of the eosinophil's function and establish its role in host defense and immunity. Eosinophils express an array of ligand receptors which play a role in cell growth, adhesion, chemotaxis, degranulation, and cell-to-cell interactions. They play a role in activation of complement via both classical and alternative pathways. Eosinophils synthesize, store and secrete cytokines, chemokines, and growth factors. They can process antigen, stimulate T cells, and promote humoral responses by interacting with B cells. Eosinophils can function as antigen presenting cells and can regulate processes associated with both T1 and T2 immunity. Although long known to play a role in defense against helminth organisms, the interactions of eosinophils with these parasites are now recognized to be much more complex. In addition, their interaction with other pathogens continues to be investigated. In this paper, we review the eosinophil's unique biology and structure, including its characteristic granules and the effects of its proteins, our developing understanding of its role in innate and adaptive immunity and importance in immunomodulation, and the part it plays in defense against parasitic, viral, fungal and bacterial infections. Rather than our worst enemy, the eosinophil may, in fact, be one of the most essential components in host defense and immunity. More... »

PAGES

214-227

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12016-015-8525-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12016-015-8525-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006883582

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/26690368


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