Improved Protocol for Chondrogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells -Effect of PTHrP and FGF-2 on TGFβ1/BMP2-Induced Chondrocytes ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-10

AUTHORS

Davood Nasrabadi, Siamak Rezaeiani, Mohamadreza Baghaban Eslaminejad, Aliakbar Shabani

ABSTRACT

Growth factors have a pivotal role in chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells. The differential effects of known growth factors involved in the maintenance and homeostasis of cartilage tissue have been previously studied in vitro. However, there are few reported researches about the interactional effects of growth factors on chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells. The aim of this study is to examine the combined effects of four key growth factors on chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Isolated and expanded rabbit bone marrow-derived MSCs underwent chondrogenic differentiation in a micromass cell culture system that used a combination of the following growth factors: transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP), and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) according to a defined program. The chondrogenic differentiation program was analyzed by histochemistry methods, quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), and measurement of matrix deposition of sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) and collagen content at days 16, 23, and 30. The results showed that the short-term combination of TGF-β1 and BMP-2 increased sGAG and collagen content, Alkaline phosphates (ALP) activity, and type X collagen (COL X) expression. Application of either PTHrP or FGF2 simultaneously decreased TGF-β1/BMP-2 induced hypertrophy and chondrogenic markers (at least for FGF2). However, successive application of PTHrP and FGF2 dramatically maintained the synergistic effects of TGF-β1/BMP-2 on the chondrogenic differentiation potential of MSCs and decreased unwanted hypertrophic markers. This new method can be used effectively in chondrogenic differentiation programs. More... »

PAGES

755-766

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12015-018-9816-y

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12015-018-9816-y

DIMENSIONS

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PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/29691795


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47 schema:description Growth factors have a pivotal role in chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells. The differential effects of known growth factors involved in the maintenance and homeostasis of cartilage tissue have been previously studied in vitro. However, there are few reported researches about the interactional effects of growth factors on chondrogenic differentiation of stem cells. The aim of this study is to examine the combined effects of four key growth factors on chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Isolated and expanded rabbit bone marrow-derived MSCs underwent chondrogenic differentiation in a micromass cell culture system that used a combination of the following growth factors: transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2), parathyroid hormone related protein (PTHrP), and fibroblast growth factor 2 (FGF2) according to a defined program. The chondrogenic differentiation program was analyzed by histochemistry methods, quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR), and measurement of matrix deposition of sulfated glycosaminoglycan (sGAG) and collagen content at days 16, 23, and 30. The results showed that the short-term combination of TGF-β1 and BMP-2 increased sGAG and collagen content, Alkaline phosphates (ALP) activity, and type X collagen (COL X) expression. Application of either PTHrP or FGF2 simultaneously decreased TGF-β1/BMP-2 induced hypertrophy and chondrogenic markers (at least for FGF2). However, successive application of PTHrP and FGF2 dramatically maintained the synergistic effects of TGF-β1/BMP-2 on the chondrogenic differentiation potential of MSCs and decreased unwanted hypertrophic markers. This new method can be used effectively in chondrogenic differentiation programs.
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