Effect of Dietary Selenium Supplementation on Growth and Reproduction of Silkworm Bombyx mori L. View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2019-03-22

AUTHORS

Li Jiang, Li-Li Peng, Yu-Yao Cao, Kiran Thakur, Fei Hu, Shun-Ming Tang, Zhao-Jun Wei

ABSTRACT

The effects of selenium (Se) on the growth and reproduction of the Lepidoptera insect, the silkworm, Bombyx mori L were investigated. Initially, the silkworms were divided into eight groups (150 larvae/group) on the basis of feeding with mulberry leaves saturated with different concentrations of Se (25, 50, 100, 125, 150, 175, and 200 μM) and control from the first day of the fourth instar larvae. After feeding, growth and reproductive performance of B. mori L. were investigated with standard techniques used in sericulture. After the data analysis, 50 μM of Se was recognized as the optimal level which positively influenced the growth and production, with prolonged stage of larvae, increased larval, cocoon, and pupal weights, and enhanced number of eggs laid by the female moth as compared to the control group. On the contrary, 200 μM of Se treatment displayed toxic to silkworm and induced significant decrease in the growth, cocoon production, and reproduction. The weight of the cocoon shell, the cocoon shell ratio, number of eggs produced, and fertilization ratio in all the Se-treated groups were lower than the control group. The present study indicated that lower levels of (50 μM) of Se can promote the larval and pupal growth of the B. mori L. resulting in the higher yield of cocoon crop and significantly influencing the fecundity, while high concentration was toxic to silkworm. Our data supply the novel application of Se which could be highly beneficial to sericulture farmers. More... »

PAGES

1-11

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-11. Effect of oral supplementation with polyamines on testicular development and egg production in Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) in APPLIED ENTOMOLOGY AND ZOOLOGY
  • 2016-08. Excessive Selenium Supplementation Induced Oxidative Stress and Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Chicken Spleen in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2016-07. Toxicity of Nano-Titanium Dioxide (TiO2-NP) Through Various Routes of Exposure: a Review in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2011-12. Effects of Selenium Sources and Levels on Reproductive Performance and Selenium Retention in Broiler Breeder, Egg, Developing Embryo, and 1-Day-Old Chick in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2011-11. Food rationing affects dietary selenium bioaccumulation and life cycle performance in the mayfly Centroptilum triangulifer in ECOTOXICOLOGY
  • 2019-02. The Effect of Maternal Supplementation of Zinc, Selenium, and Cobalt as Slow-Release Ruminal Bolus in Late Pregnancy on Some Blood Metabolites and Performance of Ewes and Their Lambs in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 1996-09. Selenium metabolism and bioavailability in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2018-10. Selenium-Enriched Saccharomyces cerevisiae Reduces the Progression of Colorectal Cancer in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2004-04. Toxic Effects of Cadmium on Morus alba L. and Bombyx moril L. in PLANT AND SOIL
  • 2014-06. Effects of Feeding Silkworm with Nanoparticulate Anatase TiO2 (TiO2 NPs) on Its Feed Efficiency in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
  • 2016-02. Effects of TiO2 NPs on Silkworm Growth and Feed Efficiency in BIOLOGICAL TRACE ELEMENT RESEARCH
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    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/30903461


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