Elicitation of Medicinally Important Antioxidant Secondary Metabolites with Silver and Gold Nanoparticles in Callus Cultures of Prunella vulgaris L. View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2016-11

AUTHORS

Hina Fazal, Bilal Haider Abbasi, Nisar Ahmad, Mohammad Ali

ABSTRACT

Prunella vulgaris L. (P. vulgaris) is an important medicinal plant with a wide range of antiviral properties. Traditionally, it is known as self-heal because of its faster effects on wound healing. It is commonly known as a natural antiseptic due to the presence of various polyphenols. There is lack of research efforts on its propagation and production of bioactive compounds under field and in vitro conditions. In this study, the effects of different ratios (1:2, 1:3, 2:1, and 3:1) of silver (Ag) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) alone or in combination with naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) were investigated for callus culture development and production of secondary metabolites. The Ag (30 μg l-1), AgAu (1:2), and AgAu (2:1) NPs in combination with NAA (2.0 mg l-1) enhanced callus proliferation (100 %) as compared to the control (95 %). Among the different NPs tested, AuNPs with or without NAA produced higher biomass in log phases (35-42 days) of growth kinetics. Furthermore, AgAu (1:3) and AuNPs alone enhanced total protein content (855 μg-BSAE/mg-fresh weight (FW)), superoxide dismutase (0.54 nM/min/mg-FW), and peroxidase (0.39 nM/min/mg-FW) enzymes in callus cultures. The AgAuNPs (1:3) in combination with NAA induced maximum accumulation of phenolics (TPC 9.57 mg/g-dry weight (DW)) and flavonoid (6.71 mg/g-DW) content. Moreover, AgAuNPs (3:1) without NAA enhanced antioxidant activity (87.85 %). This study provides the first evidence of NP effect on callus culture development and production of natural antioxidants in P. vulgaris. More... »

PAGES

1076-1092

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  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-016-2153-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-016-2153-1

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034622429

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27287999


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