Purification and Characterisation of a β-1,4-Xylanase from Remersonia thermophila CBS 540.69 and Its Application in Bread Making View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-02

AUTHORS

Katrina McPhillips, Deborah M. Waters, Cécile Parlet, Daniel J. Walsh, Elke K. Arendt, Patrick G. Murray

ABSTRACT

This work reports the first investigation of Remersonia thermophila hemicellulosic hydrolytic enzyme production, with subsequent purification of an extracellular endo-β-1,4-xylanase (RtXyl) and its application in bread making. The research describes RtXyl purification from sorghum-induced submerged liquid cultures of this moderately thermophilic, aerobic, ascomycete fungus. The purified enzyme is a single subunit protein with a molecular mass of 42 kDa and exhibits glycosyl hydrolase family-10-like activity over a broad pH and temperature range. Optimal activity was measured at pH 6.0 and 65 °C respectively, which is suitable for bread making applications. Substrate specificity studies revealed that RtXyl is purely xylanolytic with no side-activities against other plant polysaccharides. The RtXyl catalytic efficiency (K cat/K m) was highest with oats spelt xylan (810.90 mg mL(-1) s(-1)), wheat arabinoxylan (809.52 mg mL(-1) s(-1)) and beechwood xylan (417.40 mg mL(-1) s(-1)) with less efficiency towards insoluble oats spelt xylan (236.40 mg mL(-1) s(-1)). Hydrolysis products analysed by thin layer chromatography yielded a range of xylosaccharides, predominantly xylotriose and xylobiose. RtXyl application in a basic wheat bread recipe at low dosages (0.297 XU/g) showed its suitability to increase loaf volume by 8.0 % compared with the control bread. RtXyl increased loaf softness by 19.6 % while reducing bread staling by 20.4 % up to 4 days of storage. More... »

PAGES

1747-1762

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-013-0640-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0640-1

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015032581

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24258792


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