Enhanced Hydrolysis and Acidification of Waste Activated Sludge by Biosurfactant Rhamnolipid View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-08-18

AUTHORS

Xin Yi, Kun Luo, Qi Yang, Xiao-Ming Li, Wei-Guang Deng, Hong-Bo Cheng, Zi-long Wang, Guang-Ming Zeng

ABSTRACT

The effect of biosurfactant rhamnolipid (RL) on hydrolysis and acidification of waste activated sludge (WAS) was investigated. The results indicated that RL could greatly reduce the surface tension of sludge, resulting in stimulating the hydrolysis rate of WAS and enhancing the production of short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). With the increase of RL dosage from 0.2 to 0.5 g/g DS, the maximum soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), protein and carbohydrate concentration increased correspondingly. After 6 h of hydrolysis, SCOD, protein and carbohydrate concentration increased from 371.9, 93.3 and 9.0 mg/l to 3,994.5, 800.0 and 401.4 mg/l at RL 0.3 g/g DS, respectively. Furthermore, the release of NH4+-N, PO43−-P and the accumulation of SCFAs also improved in the presence of RL. The maximum SCFAs was 1,829.9 mg COD/l at RL 0.3 g/g DS, while it was only 377.7 mg COD/l for the blank test. The propionic acid and acetic acid were the mainly SCFAs produced, accounting for 50–60% of total SCFAs. More... »

PAGES

1416-1428

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2000-05. Potential commercial applications of microbial surfactants in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-013-0439-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-013-0439-0

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    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043408318

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23955350


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