Evaluation and Characterization of Forage Sorghum as Feedstock for Fermentable Sugar Production View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-07

AUTHORS

D. Y. Corredor, J. M. Salazar, K. L. Hohn, S. Bean, B. Bean, D. Wang

ABSTRACT

Sorghum is a tropical grass grown primarily in semiarid and drier parts of the world, especially areas too dry for corn. Sorghum production also leaves about 58 million tons of by-products composed mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The low lignin content of some forage sorghums such as brown midrib makes them more digestible for ethanol production. Successful use of biomass for biofuel production depends on not only pretreatment methods and efficient processing conditions but also physical and chemical properties of the biomass. In this study, four varieties of forage sorghum (stems and leaves) were characterized and evaluated as feedstock for fermentable sugar production. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine changes in structure and chemical composition of forage sorghum before and after pretreatment and the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Forage sorghums with a low syringyl/guaiacyl ratio in their lignin structure were easy to hydrolyze after pretreatment despite the initial lignin content. Enzymatic hydrolysis was also more effective for forage sorghums with a low crystallinity index and easily transformed crystalline cellulose to amorphous cellulose, despite initial cellulose content. Up to 72% hexose yield and 94% pentose yield were obtained using modified steam explosion with 2% sulfuric acid at 140 degrees C for 30 min and enzymatic hydrolysis with cellulase (15 filter per unit (FPU)/g cellulose) and beta-glucosidase (50 cellobiose units (CBU)/g cellulose). More... »

PAGES

164

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2001-07. Fuel ethanol production from lignocellulose: a challenge for metabolic engineering and process integration in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2005-05. Industrial scale-up of pH-controlled liquid hot water pretreatment of corn fiber for fuel ethanol production in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2003-05. Hemicellulose bioconversion in JOURNAL OF INDUSTRIAL MICROBIOLOGY & BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1999-02. Pretreatment and enzymatic saccharification of corn fiber in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2005-02. Structure and morphology of cellulose in wheat straw in CELLULOSE
  • 1992. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy in METHODS IN LIGNIN CHEMISTRY
  • 2005-03. Understanding factors that limit enzymatic hydrolysis of biomass in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2006-04. Pretreatment of corn stover by low-liquid ammonia recycle percolation process in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1992. Raman Spectroscopy in METHODS IN LIGNIN CHEMISTRY
  • 1999-03. Microcrystalline cellulose powders: structure, surface features and water sorption capability in CELLULOSE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051475324

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18754081


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0607", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Plant Biology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Biological Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Carbohydrates", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Ethanol", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Feasibility Studies", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Fermentation", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Hydrolysis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sorghum", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Temperature", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Time Factors", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "X-Ray Diffraction", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kansas State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, 66506, Manhattan, KS, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Corredor", 
            "givenName": "D. Y.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01055246364.44", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01055246364.44"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kansas State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, 66506, Manhattan, KS, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Salazar", 
            "givenName": "J. M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01123361564.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01123361564.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kansas State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, 66506, Manhattan, KS, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hohn", 
            "givenName": "K. L.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01341111054.66", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01341111054.66"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Agricultural Research Service", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d", 
              "name": [
                "USDA-ARS Grain Marketing and Production Research Center, 66502, Manhattan, KS, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bean", 
            "givenName": "S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01162142217.86", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01162142217.86"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Research and Extension Center, Texas A&M, 79106, Amarillo, TX, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bean", 
            "givenName": "B.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Kansas State University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, 66506, Manhattan, KS, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wang", 
            "givenName": "D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015134641233.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015134641233.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1081/ss-120027565", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000023784"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.015", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007016971"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-4628(19990321)71:12<1969::aid-app6>3.0.co;2-d", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010576376"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012469269", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-461012-5.50014-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013930070"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1081", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014029247", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1081"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1385/abab:125:2:077", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015373507", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:125:2:077"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019865020", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_12"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(93)90085-g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021389338"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(93)90085-g", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021389338"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1205/fbp.05038", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022209043"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/004051755902901003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028656851"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1177/004051755902901003", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028656851"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2003.09.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028889918"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10295-003-0049-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031678297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10295-003-0049-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1009204309120", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032664194", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1009204309120"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1166/jbmb.2008.201", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036708678"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(90)84129-i", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041740269"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/02773810009349638", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042202722"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/b:cell.0000049346.28276.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042560929", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/b:cell.0000049346.28276.95"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-2164(00)47006-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042732154"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1385/abab:76:2:65", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043813380", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:76:2:65"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2006.02.022", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044163733"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bp049564n", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044502824"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bp049564n", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044502824"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s002530100624", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046462306", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s002530100624"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1385/abab:133:1:41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051012731", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:133:1:41"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bp990087w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051746446"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ef060299s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055476624"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/ef060299s", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055476624"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00056a047", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055894321"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0707379", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055906687"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0707379", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055906687"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1094/cchem-84-1-0061", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060074072"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.106.4.1623", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060840585"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1366/0003702001950166", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065255360"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1366/0003702001950166", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065255360"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0644", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069028613"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0660", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069028621"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077020831", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2004-0889.ch005", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089352699"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/0470047380", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109698732"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/0470047380", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109698732"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2009-07", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2009-07-01", 
        "description": "Sorghum is a tropical grass grown primarily in semiarid and drier parts of the world, especially areas too dry for corn. Sorghum production also leaves about 58 million tons of by-products composed mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The low lignin content of some forage sorghums such as brown midrib makes them more digestible for ethanol production. Successful use of biomass for biofuel production depends on not only pretreatment methods and efficient processing conditions but also physical and chemical properties of the biomass. In this study, four varieties of forage sorghum (stems and leaves) were characterized and evaluated as feedstock for fermentable sugar production. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine changes in structure and chemical composition of forage sorghum before and after pretreatment and the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Forage sorghums with a low syringyl/guaiacyl ratio in their lignin structure were easy to hydrolyze after pretreatment despite the initial lignin content. Enzymatic hydrolysis was also more effective for forage sorghums with a low crystallinity index and easily transformed crystalline cellulose to amorphous cellulose, despite initial cellulose content. Up to 72% hexose yield and 94% pentose yield were obtained using modified steam explosion with 2% sulfuric acid at 140 degrees C for 30 min and enzymatic hydrolysis with cellulase (15 filter per unit (FPU)/g cellulose) and beta-glucosidase (50 cellobiose units (CBU)/g cellulose).", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1086169", 
            "issn": [
              "0273-2289", 
              "1559-0291"
            ], 
            "name": "Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "158"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Evaluation and Characterization of Forage Sorghum as Feedstock for Fermentable Sugar Production", 
        "pagination": "164", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "f534d705d72ad2947f5591327b29b7184fd3c565256eac4b1ffb04bb65fd1136"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "18754081"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "8208561"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1051475324"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051475324"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T17:43", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8672_00000595.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12010-008-8340-y"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    266 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      75 URIs      31 LITERALS      19 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y schema:about N0df1789a509c490d9b3116d183ee54be
    2 N26cf48bcc6914c949ad2c4f816e3af47
    3 N35e6f4cde6dd488da4696e3e3fd7aa80
    4 N3d6758d3984c4a5ca9e8c1ea0fe789ed
    5 N40eb3a0fa7b648f297c6b2b17d84e9e2
    6 N72dd5c7585b24427a4abae19178c64f7
    7 N9229775a47904fa8bd30a3d4e2a04d46
    8 Nb2aa0e4632124aa78c4d8a5407a46294
    9 Nc7e97ca46b3449839a47bc585992e4af
    10 Nf143dfe549ab40de88d77ea92e3ca5b9
    11 anzsrc-for:06
    12 anzsrc-for:0607
    13 schema:author N20282eda87164962a3941af1378d4ede
    14 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_12
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_7
    16 sg:pub.10.1007/s002530100624
    17 sg:pub.10.1007/s10295-003-0049-x
    18 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1009204309120
    19 sg:pub.10.1023/b:cell.0000049346.28276.95
    20 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1081
    21 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:125:2:077
    22 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:133:1:41
    23 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:76:2:65
    24 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077020831
    25 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-4628(19990321)71:12<1969::aid-app6>3.0.co;2-d
    26 https://doi.org/10.1002/0470047380
    27 https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(90)84129-i
    28 https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(93)90085-g
    29 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-461012-5.50014-8
    30 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.015
    31 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2006.02.022
    32 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2003.09.011
    33 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-2164(00)47006-1
    34 https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2004-0889.ch005
    35 https://doi.org/10.1021/bp049564n
    36 https://doi.org/10.1021/bp990087w
    37 https://doi.org/10.1021/ef060299s
    38 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00056a047
    39 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0707379
    40 https://doi.org/10.1080/02773810009349638
    41 https://doi.org/10.1081/ss-120027565
    42 https://doi.org/10.1094/cchem-84-1-0061
    43 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.106.4.1623
    44 https://doi.org/10.1166/jbmb.2008.201
    45 https://doi.org/10.1177/004051755902901003
    46 https://doi.org/10.1205/fbp.05038
    47 https://doi.org/10.1366/0003702001950166
    48 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0644
    49 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0660
    50 schema:datePublished 2009-07
    51 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-07-01
    52 schema:description Sorghum is a tropical grass grown primarily in semiarid and drier parts of the world, especially areas too dry for corn. Sorghum production also leaves about 58 million tons of by-products composed mainly of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. The low lignin content of some forage sorghums such as brown midrib makes them more digestible for ethanol production. Successful use of biomass for biofuel production depends on not only pretreatment methods and efficient processing conditions but also physical and chemical properties of the biomass. In this study, four varieties of forage sorghum (stems and leaves) were characterized and evaluated as feedstock for fermentable sugar production. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine changes in structure and chemical composition of forage sorghum before and after pretreatment and the enzymatic hydrolysis process. Forage sorghums with a low syringyl/guaiacyl ratio in their lignin structure were easy to hydrolyze after pretreatment despite the initial lignin content. Enzymatic hydrolysis was also more effective for forage sorghums with a low crystallinity index and easily transformed crystalline cellulose to amorphous cellulose, despite initial cellulose content. Up to 72% hexose yield and 94% pentose yield were obtained using modified steam explosion with 2% sulfuric acid at 140 degrees C for 30 min and enzymatic hydrolysis with cellulase (15 filter per unit (FPU)/g cellulose) and beta-glucosidase (50 cellobiose units (CBU)/g cellulose).
    53 schema:genre research_article
    54 schema:inLanguage en
    55 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    56 schema:isPartOf N927a1270e60e4bd7afdb12e4db67f2b0
    57 Na2f91987c311418fa0c7be4ae120b91f
    58 sg:journal.1086169
    59 schema:name Evaluation and Characterization of Forage Sorghum as Feedstock for Fermentable Sugar Production
    60 schema:pagination 164
    61 schema:productId N375c141ca7354537897c027a10c88f66
    62 N76ea3a354bb648f8bba37da36e3c3ada
    63 N7ea9ca9d239c40d5811c56da4fadcc74
    64 Nd85f903c219c4623bb4dd2b41fde26bb
    65 Nfe8d67271dc24f64b504c654940758e9
    66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051475324
    67 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y
    68 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T17:43
    69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    70 schema:sdPublisher N069f01e69afb4251b2c47be8fd0e0d6a
    71 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs12010-008-8340-y
    72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    73 sgo:sdDataset articles
    74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    75 N069f01e69afb4251b2c47be8fd0e0d6a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    76 rdf:type schema:Organization
    77 N0df1789a509c490d9b3116d183ee54be schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    78 schema:name Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared
    79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    80 N20282eda87164962a3941af1378d4ede rdf:first sg:person.01055246364.44
    81 rdf:rest N77fa3ba5ae164536a0862ac819cdfabe
    82 N26cf48bcc6914c949ad2c4f816e3af47 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    83 schema:name Time Factors
    84 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    85 N35e6f4cde6dd488da4696e3e3fd7aa80 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    86 schema:name Feasibility Studies
    87 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    88 N375c141ca7354537897c027a10c88f66 schema:name doi
    89 schema:value 10.1007/s12010-008-8340-y
    90 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    91 N3d6758d3984c4a5ca9e8c1ea0fe789ed schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    92 schema:name Carbohydrates
    93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    94 N40eb3a0fa7b648f297c6b2b17d84e9e2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    95 schema:name Sorghum
    96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    97 N72dd5c7585b24427a4abae19178c64f7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    98 schema:name Fermentation
    99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    100 N745065f6afe74a398283170ecdd578d2 rdf:first sg:person.015134641233.31
    101 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    102 N76ea3a354bb648f8bba37da36e3c3ada schema:name nlm_unique_id
    103 schema:value 8208561
    104 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    105 N77fa3ba5ae164536a0862ac819cdfabe rdf:first sg:person.01123361564.01
    106 rdf:rest Ncc3d1802a43543edbd2280242f6d6469
    107 N7ea9ca9d239c40d5811c56da4fadcc74 schema:name readcube_id
    108 schema:value f534d705d72ad2947f5591327b29b7184fd3c565256eac4b1ffb04bb65fd1136
    109 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    110 N9229775a47904fa8bd30a3d4e2a04d46 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    111 schema:name Ethanol
    112 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    113 N927a1270e60e4bd7afdb12e4db67f2b0 schema:volumeNumber 158
    114 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    115 Na2f91987c311418fa0c7be4ae120b91f schema:issueNumber 1
    116 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    117 Na6f1b6680312455a9f68c97459f4c4b2 rdf:first Ndfe18f8dd0c44a2aa4c313d212787cd3
    118 rdf:rest N745065f6afe74a398283170ecdd578d2
    119 Nb2aa0e4632124aa78c4d8a5407a46294 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    120 schema:name X-Ray Diffraction
    121 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    122 Nc7e97ca46b3449839a47bc585992e4af schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Temperature
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 Ncc3d1802a43543edbd2280242f6d6469 rdf:first sg:person.01341111054.66
    126 rdf:rest Ne3c8e475914e422a9f6d8e3e52410a06
    127 Nd85f903c219c4623bb4dd2b41fde26bb schema:name dimensions_id
    128 schema:value pub.1051475324
    129 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    130 Ndfe18f8dd0c44a2aa4c313d212787cd3 schema:affiliation Nf993064d7c0d498ab568950e811d3bc5
    131 schema:familyName Bean
    132 schema:givenName B.
    133 rdf:type schema:Person
    134 Ne3c8e475914e422a9f6d8e3e52410a06 rdf:first sg:person.01162142217.86
    135 rdf:rest Na6f1b6680312455a9f68c97459f4c4b2
    136 Nf143dfe549ab40de88d77ea92e3ca5b9 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    137 schema:name Hydrolysis
    138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    139 Nf993064d7c0d498ab568950e811d3bc5 schema:name Research and Extension Center, Texas A&M, 79106, Amarillo, TX, USA
    140 rdf:type schema:Organization
    141 Nfe8d67271dc24f64b504c654940758e9 schema:name pubmed_id
    142 schema:value 18754081
    143 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    144 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    145 schema:name Biological Sciences
    146 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    147 anzsrc-for:0607 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    148 schema:name Plant Biology
    149 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    150 sg:journal.1086169 schema:issn 0273-2289
    151 1559-0291
    152 schema:name Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    153 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    154 sg:person.01055246364.44 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31
    155 schema:familyName Corredor
    156 schema:givenName D. Y.
    157 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01055246364.44
    158 rdf:type schema:Person
    159 sg:person.01123361564.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31
    160 schema:familyName Salazar
    161 schema:givenName J. M.
    162 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01123361564.01
    163 rdf:type schema:Person
    164 sg:person.01162142217.86 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d
    165 schema:familyName Bean
    166 schema:givenName S.
    167 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01162142217.86
    168 rdf:type schema:Person
    169 sg:person.01341111054.66 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31
    170 schema:familyName Hohn
    171 schema:givenName K. L.
    172 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01341111054.66
    173 rdf:type schema:Person
    174 sg:person.015134641233.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31
    175 schema:familyName Wang
    176 schema:givenName D.
    177 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015134641233.31
    178 rdf:type schema:Person
    179 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_12 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019865020
    180 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_12
    181 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    182 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012469269
    183 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-74065-7_7
    184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    185 sg:pub.10.1007/s002530100624 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046462306
    186 https://doi.org/10.1007/s002530100624
    187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    188 sg:pub.10.1007/s10295-003-0049-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031678297
    189 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10295-003-0049-x
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1009204309120 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032664194
    192 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1009204309120
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 sg:pub.10.1023/b:cell.0000049346.28276.95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042560929
    195 https://doi.org/10.1023/b:cell.0000049346.28276.95
    196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    197 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1081 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014029247
    198 https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:124:1-3:1081
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:125:2:077 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015373507
    201 https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:125:2:077
    202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    203 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:133:1:41 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051012731
    204 https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:133:1:41
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 sg:pub.10.1385/abab:76:2:65 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043813380
    207 https://doi.org/10.1385/abab:76:2:65
    208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    209 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077020831 schema:CreativeWork
    210 https://doi.org/10.1002/(sici)1097-4628(19990321)71:12<1969::aid-app6>3.0.co;2-d schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010576376
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 https://doi.org/10.1002/0470047380 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1109698732
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 https://doi.org/10.1016/0008-6215(90)84129-i schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041740269
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 https://doi.org/10.1016/0141-0229(93)90085-g schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021389338
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-461012-5.50014-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013930070
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2006.06.015 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007016971
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2006.02.022 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044163733
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procbio.2003.09.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028889918
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0065-2164(00)47006-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042732154
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 https://doi.org/10.1021/bk-2004-0889.ch005 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1089352699
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 https://doi.org/10.1021/bp049564n schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044502824
    231 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    232 https://doi.org/10.1021/bp990087w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051746446
    233 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    234 https://doi.org/10.1021/ef060299s schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055476624
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf00056a047 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055894321
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 https://doi.org/10.1021/jf0707379 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1055906687
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 https://doi.org/10.1080/02773810009349638 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042202722
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 https://doi.org/10.1081/ss-120027565 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000023784
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 https://doi.org/10.1094/cchem-84-1-0061 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060074072
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.106.4.1623 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060840585
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 https://doi.org/10.1166/jbmb.2008.201 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036708678
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 https://doi.org/10.1177/004051755902901003 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028656851
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 https://doi.org/10.1205/fbp.05038 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022209043
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 https://doi.org/10.1366/0003702001950166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1065255360
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0644 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069028613
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2004.0660 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1069028621
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.36567.31 schema:alternateName Kansas State University
    261 schema:name Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering, Kansas State University, 66506, Manhattan, KS, USA
    262 Department of Chemical Engineering, Kansas State University, 66506, Manhattan, KS, USA
    263 rdf:type schema:Organization
    264 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.463419.d schema:alternateName Agricultural Research Service
    265 schema:name USDA-ARS Grain Marketing and Production Research Center, 66502, Manhattan, KS, USA
    266 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...