The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-01

AUTHORS

Johan Bellemans, William Colyn, Hilde Vandenneucker, Jan Victor

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called "constitutional varus" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3° varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle. CONCLUSIONS: An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3° varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them. More... »

PAGES

45-53

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21656315


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Anthropometry", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Awards and Prizes", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Bone Malalignment", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Coxa Vara", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Hip Joint", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Knee Joint", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Linear Models", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Multivariate Analysis", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Radiography", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Range of Motion, Articular", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Reference Values", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Sensitivity and Specificity", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Young Adult", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Pellenberg, Weligerveld 1, 3012, Pellenberg, Belgium", 
            "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bellemans", 
        "givenName": "Johan", 
        "id": "sg:person.01035065230.24", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035065230.24"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Colyn", 
        "givenName": "William", 
        "id": "sg:person.01251321037.01", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251321037.01"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Vandenneucker", 
        "givenName": "Hilde", 
        "id": "sg:person.01330014330.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01330014330.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Victor", 
        "givenName": "Jan", 
        "id": "sg:person.0760413342.41", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0760413342.41"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.080732", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001199248"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.90b9.20793", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005016585"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007935669", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022553200"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022553200"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0160(94)90025-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024283167"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.08.011", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028912743"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033205129", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033205129", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01879454", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036114267", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01879454"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036356759"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036356759"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036897383"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2008.07.007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040787853"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043209996", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462067"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462067"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01878009", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049163624", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01878009"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b1.25181", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064886514"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197759010-00013", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068886486"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068889460"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068894076"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2007.2487", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070873330"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071719837"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071719837"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072859632"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074495928", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077019635", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/17453670510041303", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077111743"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248074", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077187691"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077293927", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077475409", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.70b2.3346290", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079696842"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.67b4.4030849", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080091047"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616656", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2012-01", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2012-01-01", 
    "description": "BACKGROUND: Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called \"constitutional varus\" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment.\nQUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors.\nSUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models.\nRESULTS: Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3\u00b0 varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle.\nCONCLUSIONS: An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3\u00b0 varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1007212", 
        "issn": [
          "0009-921X", 
          "1528-1132"
        ], 
        "name": "Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research\u00ae", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "470"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus", 
    "pagination": "45-53", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "90731a97baa192330b13689ada5c5ff34b6d4edf90d0820564b1853457c1a719"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "21656315"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "0075674"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1030322529"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:49", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000522.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11999-011-1936-5"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

297 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      91 URIs      39 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5 schema:about N0d4f1db4ee734e3b97dffb4cf1f89d09
2 N15fba69652e94172975fda3785200680
3 N21d99ef8799343dcba6038659897deea
4 N273e5e24d0a641e0852b07eb6616062f
5 N283ab7e9306c4d12ab770a7f49fd5c00
6 N2a4cbc92324442258df86da4b9ea2adf
7 N4ae0c01b9f274dda8fe1bbc014b8883a
8 N51516e3bd52a4d6f869a9e76d1f57ba6
9 N5c32aa263bbf49a3b1102ff0af9b966d
10 N80058e6adc294829895b91bbce570718
11 N8085abec8a1246f5951e448071fbfd82
12 N80c6a264839146938ec5b88033e28a3f
13 N86d35810bdca4d5f832b075c6162c2e2
14 N94590b0d2af445509f03baf6d7b9aaa8
15 Nb2eeb1cd778d437e81793d676ec5cbc2
16 Nb8a7875c0897424e8a50ed28c09f1e19
17 Nc788a8423c6d48d588cbe7ef209ed132
18 Ncd8abe353f754b0995dc4650fc90f238
19 anzsrc-for:11
20 anzsrc-for:1103
21 schema:author Na5155992e0ae488ea147814016293ea6
22 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25
23 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4
24 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01878009
25 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01879454
26 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z
27 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4
28 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4
29 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2
30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074495928
31 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077019635
32 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077293927
33 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077475409
34 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616656
35 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657
36 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4
37 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4
38 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2
39 https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0160(94)90025-6
40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034
41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.08.011
42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2008.07.007
43 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1
44 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248074
45 https://doi.org/10.1080/17453670510041303
46 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024
47 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029
48 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007
49 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021
50 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e
51 https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006
52 https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79
53 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.67b4.4030849
54 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.70b2.3346290
55 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.90b9.20793
56 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b1.25181
57 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197759010-00013
58 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016
59 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014
60 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566
61 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398
62 https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2007.2487
63 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.080732
64 https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15
65 https://doi.org/10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004
66 schema:datePublished 2012-01
67 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-01-01
68 schema:description BACKGROUND: Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called "constitutional varus" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3° varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle. CONCLUSIONS: An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3° varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them.
69 schema:genre research_article
70 schema:inLanguage en
71 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
72 schema:isPartOf Nb50fcf4cf33e443e8ed60298cfb203a0
73 Nf082294884a44b79b799412a2136060f
74 sg:journal.1007212
75 schema:name The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus
76 schema:pagination 45-53
77 schema:productId N2ba66a03cf13467a92bf75be6bd958ea
78 N4cb4383c3a4547c2b3d8ed66589ab789
79 N603eb43014964d66ae38e19260d72b67
80 Nafe6838398174741ab28a84d3a8c4124
81 Nd23299ece55b48e4bd78ee02eff4c909
82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529
83 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
84 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:49
85 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
86 schema:sdPublisher N90533aa794f043d2b2d136422e235b98
87 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11999-011-1936-5
88 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
89 sgo:sdDataset articles
90 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
91 N0d4f1db4ee734e3b97dffb4cf1f89d09 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
92 schema:name Hip Joint
93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
94 N15fba69652e94172975fda3785200680 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
95 schema:name Female
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 N21d99ef8799343dcba6038659897deea schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
98 schema:name Multivariate Analysis
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 N273e5e24d0a641e0852b07eb6616062f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
101 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 N283ab7e9306c4d12ab770a7f49fd5c00 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
104 schema:name Bone Malalignment
105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
106 N2a4cbc92324442258df86da4b9ea2adf schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Sensitivity and Specificity
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 N2ba66a03cf13467a92bf75be6bd958ea schema:name nlm_unique_id
110 schema:value 0075674
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N4ae0c01b9f274dda8fe1bbc014b8883a schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
113 schema:name Range of Motion, Articular
114 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
115 N4cb4383c3a4547c2b3d8ed66589ab789 schema:name pubmed_id
116 schema:value 21656315
117 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
118 N51516e3bd52a4d6f869a9e76d1f57ba6 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
119 schema:name Adult
120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
121 N5c32aa263bbf49a3b1102ff0af9b966d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
122 schema:name Young Adult
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 N603eb43014964d66ae38e19260d72b67 schema:name dimensions_id
125 schema:value pub.1030322529
126 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
127 N80058e6adc294829895b91bbce570718 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
128 schema:name Coxa Vara
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 N8085abec8a1246f5951e448071fbfd82 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
131 schema:name Radiography
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 N80c6a264839146938ec5b88033e28a3f schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
134 schema:name Male
135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
136 N86d35810bdca4d5f832b075c6162c2e2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
137 schema:name Humans
138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
139 N90533aa794f043d2b2d136422e235b98 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
140 rdf:type schema:Organization
141 N94590b0d2af445509f03baf6d7b9aaa8 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
142 schema:name Linear Models
143 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
144 Na2b8632c909e45e4a97cf30aac88e65b rdf:first sg:person.01330014330.41
145 rdf:rest Ne017f7f48f6540a5932d923bd659ce9f
146 Na5155992e0ae488ea147814016293ea6 rdf:first sg:person.01035065230.24
147 rdf:rest Nc9cf2a63d695443ba2548b99417f16f7
148 Nafe6838398174741ab28a84d3a8c4124 schema:name readcube_id
149 schema:value 90731a97baa192330b13689ada5c5ff34b6d4edf90d0820564b1853457c1a719
150 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
151 Nb2eeb1cd778d437e81793d676ec5cbc2 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
152 schema:name Reference Values
153 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
154 Nb50fcf4cf33e443e8ed60298cfb203a0 schema:volumeNumber 470
155 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
156 Nb8a7875c0897424e8a50ed28c09f1e19 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
157 schema:name Anthropometry
158 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
159 Nc788a8423c6d48d588cbe7ef209ed132 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
160 schema:name Knee Joint
161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
162 Nc9cf2a63d695443ba2548b99417f16f7 rdf:first sg:person.01251321037.01
163 rdf:rest Na2b8632c909e45e4a97cf30aac88e65b
164 Ncd8abe353f754b0995dc4650fc90f238 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
165 schema:name Awards and Prizes
166 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
167 Nd23299ece55b48e4bd78ee02eff4c909 schema:name doi
168 schema:value 10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
169 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
170 Ne017f7f48f6540a5932d923bd659ce9f rdf:first sg:person.0760413342.41
171 rdf:rest rdf:nil
172 Nf082294884a44b79b799412a2136060f schema:issueNumber 1
173 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
174 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
175 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
177 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
178 schema:name Clinical Sciences
179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
180 sg:journal.1007212 schema:issn 0009-921X
181 1528-1132
182 schema:name Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®
183 rdf:type schema:Periodical
184 sg:person.01035065230.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
185 schema:familyName Bellemans
186 schema:givenName Johan
187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035065230.24
188 rdf:type schema:Person
189 sg:person.01251321037.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
190 schema:familyName Colyn
191 schema:givenName William
192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251321037.01
193 rdf:type schema:Person
194 sg:person.01330014330.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
195 schema:familyName Vandenneucker
196 schema:givenName Hilde
197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01330014330.41
198 rdf:type schema:Person
199 sg:person.0760413342.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
200 schema:familyName Victor
201 schema:givenName Jan
202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0760413342.41
203 rdf:type schema:Person
204 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043209996
205 https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25
206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
207 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007935669
208 https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4
209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
210 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01878009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049163624
211 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01878009
212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
213 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01879454 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036114267
214 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01879454
215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
216 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033205129
217 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z
218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
219 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905
220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4
221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
222 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052
223 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4
224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
225 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536
226 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2
227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
228 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074495928 schema:CreativeWork
229 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077019635 schema:CreativeWork
230 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077293927 schema:CreativeWork
231 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077475409 schema:CreativeWork
232 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616656 schema:CreativeWork
233 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657 schema:CreativeWork
234 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905
235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
236 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052
237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
238 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536
239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
240 https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0160(94)90025-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024283167
241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
242 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036897383
243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
244 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.08.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028912743
245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
246 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2008.07.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040787853
247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
248 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130
249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
250 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248074 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077187691
251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
252 https://doi.org/10.1080/17453670510041303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077111743
253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
254 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145
255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
256 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689
257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
258 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940
259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
260 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547
261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
262 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022553200
263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
264 https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462067
265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
266 https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036356759
267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
268 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.67b4.4030849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080091047
269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
270 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.70b2.3346290 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079696842
271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
272 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.90b9.20793 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005016585
273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
274 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b1.25181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064886514
275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
276 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197759010-00013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068886486
277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
278 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068889460
279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
280 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068894076
281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
282 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221
283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
284 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855
285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
286 https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2007.2487 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070873330
287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
288 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.080732 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001199248
289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
290 https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071719837
291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
292 https://doi.org/10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072859632
293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
294 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f schema:alternateName KU Leuven
295 schema:name Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Pellenberg, Weligerveld 1, 3012, Pellenberg, Belgium
296 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
297 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...