The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2012-01

AUTHORS

Johan Bellemans, William Colyn, Hilde Vandenneucker, Jan Victor

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called "constitutional varus" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3° varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle. CONCLUSIONS: An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3° varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them. More... »

PAGES

45-53

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2005. Optimizing Alignment in TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY
  • 2009-04. Does soccer participation lead to genu varum? in KNEE SURGERY, SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY, ARTHROSCOPY
  • 1863-09. Anatomische Studien an den Extremitätengelenken Neugeborener und Erwachsener in VIRCHOWS ARCHIV
  • 2008-02. Richard von Volkmann in CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH®
  • 2010-01. The John Insall Award: Both Morphotype and Gender Influence the Shape of the Knee in Patients Undergoing TKA in CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH®
  • 2009-02. Frontal Knee Alignment: Three-dimensional Marker Positions and Clinical Assessment in CLINICAL ORTHOPAEDICS AND RELATED RESEARCH®
  • 1862-09. Chirurgische Erfahrungen über Knochenverbiegungen und Knochenwachsthum in VIRCHOWS ARCHIV
  • 2005. Alignment of the Normal Knee; Relationship to Total Knee Replacement in TOTAL KNEE ARTHROPLASTY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21656315


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Adult", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Anthropometry", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Awards and Prizes", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Bone Malalignment", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Coxa Vara", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Cross-Sectional Studies", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Female", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Hip Joint", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Humans", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Knee Joint", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Linear Models", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Male", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Multivariate Analysis", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Radiography", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Range of Motion, Articular", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Reference Values", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Sensitivity and Specificity", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
            "name": "Young Adult", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Pellenberg, Weligerveld 1, 3012, Pellenberg, Belgium", 
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Bellemans", 
            "givenName": "Johan", 
            "id": "sg:person.01035065230.24", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035065230.24"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Colyn", 
            "givenName": "William", 
            "id": "sg:person.01251321037.01", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251321037.01"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Vandenneucker", 
            "givenName": "Hilde", 
            "id": "sg:person.01330014330.41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01330014330.41"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "KU Leuven", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Victor", 
            "givenName": "Jan", 
            "id": "sg:person.0760413342.41", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0760413342.41"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.080732", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001199248"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.90b9.20793", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005016585"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007935669", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022553200"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022553200"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0160(94)90025-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024283167"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.08.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028912743"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033205129", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033205129", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01879454", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036114267", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01879454"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036356759"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036356759"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036897383"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2008.07.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040787853"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043209996", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462067"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462067"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf01878009", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049163624", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01878009"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b1.25181", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064886514"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197759010-00013", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068886486"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068889460"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068894076"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2007.2487", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070873330"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071719837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071719837"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072859632"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074495928", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077019635", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/17453670510041303", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077111743"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248074", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077187691"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077293927", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077475409", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.70b2.3346290", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079696842"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.67b4.4030849", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080091047"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616656", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2012-01", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2012-01-01", 
        "description": "BACKGROUND: Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called \"constitutional varus\" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment.\nQUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors.\nSUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models.\nRESULTS: Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3\u00b0 varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle.\nCONCLUSIONS: An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3\u00b0 varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1007212", 
            "issn": [
              "0009-921X", 
              "1528-1132"
            ], 
            "name": "Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research\u00ae", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "1", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "470"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus", 
        "pagination": "45-53", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "90731a97baa192330b13689ada5c5ff34b6d4edf90d0820564b1853457c1a719"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "pubmed_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "21656315"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "0075674"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1030322529"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:49", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000522.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11999-011-1936-5"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    297 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      91 URIs      39 LITERALS      27 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5 schema:about N01f3b2d31e6a42af84a7c740e82bb6e4
    2 N24a901d0d4e0497c89271a3a46f80cda
    3 N2a991bad1dd640759c9b1abc84c1167b
    4 N345fd5bad46b473c9426e2eef6921111
    5 N3f3b7b80e5494ef7ac7b6f9f38961f8b
    6 N841abc7a243b4f49b38205809e357c48
    7 N8a336ea66d4141a397b5f872052955b7
    8 N935253a6baa14b1aab20dcd6d35e82d7
    9 N9bc9150a45a640ef8a4c6ec68fcba315
    10 N9ee4949231c14557bf062540f05048ee
    11 Na2885da9923f4794a2ddc4d45ac4182b
    12 Na4d27bca45324aee811f84b0ad58930c
    13 Nb0ba3fad233641f5a8e24e1ae77e8e39
    14 Nb69f70cc47ac4cbe98456759b5aabbce
    15 Nce9451e2068643588cbe6b996b01ed52
    16 Ne5e0a46176dc459ca7b2a5572d547341
    17 Ne9d85162ae8b449cb89d2e4749c9c2af
    18 Nea2b982356924f08bf750ffffb9d086e
    19 anzsrc-for:11
    20 anzsrc-for:1103
    21 schema:author N75e8626f87174c0983f9db60e60830c2
    22 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25
    23 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4
    24 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01878009
    25 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01879454
    26 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z
    27 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4
    28 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4
    29 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2
    30 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074495928
    31 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077019635
    32 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077293927
    33 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077475409
    34 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616656
    35 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657
    36 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4
    37 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4
    38 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2
    39 https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0160(94)90025-6
    40 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034
    41 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.08.011
    42 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2008.07.007
    43 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1
    44 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248074
    45 https://doi.org/10.1080/17453670510041303
    46 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024
    47 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029
    48 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007
    49 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021
    50 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e
    51 https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006
    52 https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79
    53 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.67b4.4030849
    54 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.70b2.3346290
    55 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.90b9.20793
    56 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b1.25181
    57 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197759010-00013
    58 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016
    59 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014
    60 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566
    61 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398
    62 https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2007.2487
    63 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.080732
    64 https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15
    65 https://doi.org/10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004
    66 schema:datePublished 2012-01
    67 schema:datePublishedReg 2012-01-01
    68 schema:description BACKGROUND: Most knee surgeons have believed during TKA neutral mechanical alignment should be restored. A number of patients may exist, however, for whom neutral mechanical alignment is abnormal. Patients with so-called "constitutional varus" knees have had varus alignment since they reached skeletal maturity. Restoring neutral alignment in these cases may in fact be abnormal and undesirable and would likely require some degree of medial soft tissue release to achieve neutral alignment. QUESTIONS/PURPOSES: We investigated what percentage of the normal population has constitutional varus knees and what are the contributing factors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We recruited a cohort of 250 asymptomatic adult volunteers between 20 and 27 years old for this cross-sectional study. All volunteers had full-leg standing digital radiographs on which 19 alignment parameters were analyzed. The incidence of constitutional varus alignment was determined and contributing factors were analyzed using multivariate prediction models. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of men and 17% of women had constitutional varus knees with a natural mechanical alignment of 3° varus or more. Constitutional varus was associated with increased sports activity during growth, increased femoral varus bowing, an increased varus femoral neck-shaft angle, and an increased femoral anatomic mechanical angle. CONCLUSIONS: An important fraction of the normal population has a natural alignment at the end of growth of 3° varus or more. This might be a consequence of Hueter-Volkmann's law. Restoration of mechanical alignment to neutral in these cases may not be desirable and would be unnatural for them.
    69 schema:genre research_article
    70 schema:inLanguage en
    71 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    72 schema:isPartOf N0b5c338b28964e00b306e0b1126320cc
    73 N0f0caf092e8440bc86513cc59ca24627
    74 sg:journal.1007212
    75 schema:name The Chitranjan Ranawat Award: Is Neutral Mechanical Alignment Normal for All Patients?: The Concept of Constitutional Varus
    76 schema:pagination 45-53
    77 schema:productId N5abf5b9a141a489084d9020d26c20bb4
    78 N7ef8a76bfd8542d181a78200e56c98d0
    79 N90a778b553124eff91a92a734d6a4fa2
    80 Nd3ef075aeebb42a2925adf59710ebe68
    81 Nd8911fbee00c49f8b0d32edd62290886
    82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030322529
    83 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
    84 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:49
    85 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    86 schema:sdPublisher Nddebe0ca837240e28899a9deecbc51eb
    87 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11999-011-1936-5
    88 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    89 sgo:sdDataset articles
    90 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    91 N01f3b2d31e6a42af84a7c740e82bb6e4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    92 schema:name Knee Joint
    93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    94 N0b5c338b28964e00b306e0b1126320cc schema:volumeNumber 470
    95 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    96 N0f0caf092e8440bc86513cc59ca24627 schema:issueNumber 1
    97 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    98 N24a901d0d4e0497c89271a3a46f80cda schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    99 schema:name Male
    100 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    101 N2a991bad1dd640759c9b1abc84c1167b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    102 schema:name Cross-Sectional Studies
    103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    104 N345fd5bad46b473c9426e2eef6921111 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    105 schema:name Radiography
    106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    107 N39591759c41944519e1361b7020a01d9 rdf:first sg:person.01251321037.01
    108 rdf:rest Nc9367bda3a2246da9288c78d3851c2d8
    109 N3f3b7b80e5494ef7ac7b6f9f38961f8b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    110 schema:name Awards and Prizes
    111 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    112 N5a7c1af5e82146369128f91f961aec77 rdf:first sg:person.0760413342.41
    113 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    114 N5abf5b9a141a489084d9020d26c20bb4 schema:name doi
    115 schema:value 10.1007/s11999-011-1936-5
    116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    117 N75e8626f87174c0983f9db60e60830c2 rdf:first sg:person.01035065230.24
    118 rdf:rest N39591759c41944519e1361b7020a01d9
    119 N7ef8a76bfd8542d181a78200e56c98d0 schema:name pubmed_id
    120 schema:value 21656315
    121 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    122 N841abc7a243b4f49b38205809e357c48 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    123 schema:name Linear Models
    124 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    125 N8a336ea66d4141a397b5f872052955b7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    126 schema:name Hip Joint
    127 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    128 N90a778b553124eff91a92a734d6a4fa2 schema:name nlm_unique_id
    129 schema:value 0075674
    130 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    131 N935253a6baa14b1aab20dcd6d35e82d7 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    132 schema:name Coxa Vara
    133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    134 N9bc9150a45a640ef8a4c6ec68fcba315 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    135 schema:name Young Adult
    136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    137 N9ee4949231c14557bf062540f05048ee schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    138 schema:name Bone Malalignment
    139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    140 Na2885da9923f4794a2ddc4d45ac4182b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    141 schema:name Sensitivity and Specificity
    142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    143 Na4d27bca45324aee811f84b0ad58930c schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    144 schema:name Reference Values
    145 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    146 Nb0ba3fad233641f5a8e24e1ae77e8e39 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    147 schema:name Adult
    148 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    149 Nb69f70cc47ac4cbe98456759b5aabbce schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    150 schema:name Multivariate Analysis
    151 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    152 Nc9367bda3a2246da9288c78d3851c2d8 rdf:first sg:person.01330014330.41
    153 rdf:rest N5a7c1af5e82146369128f91f961aec77
    154 Nce9451e2068643588cbe6b996b01ed52 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    155 schema:name Anthropometry
    156 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    157 Nd3ef075aeebb42a2925adf59710ebe68 schema:name dimensions_id
    158 schema:value pub.1030322529
    159 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    160 Nd8911fbee00c49f8b0d32edd62290886 schema:name readcube_id
    161 schema:value 90731a97baa192330b13689ada5c5ff34b6d4edf90d0820564b1853457c1a719
    162 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    163 Nddebe0ca837240e28899a9deecbc51eb schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    164 rdf:type schema:Organization
    165 Ne5e0a46176dc459ca7b2a5572d547341 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    166 schema:name Range of Motion, Articular
    167 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    168 Ne9d85162ae8b449cb89d2e4749c9c2af schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    169 schema:name Humans
    170 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    171 Nea2b982356924f08bf750ffffb9d086e schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
    172 schema:name Female
    173 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    174 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    175 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
    176 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    177 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    178 schema:name Clinical Sciences
    179 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    180 sg:journal.1007212 schema:issn 0009-921X
    181 1528-1132
    182 schema:name Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research®
    183 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    184 sg:person.01035065230.24 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
    185 schema:familyName Bellemans
    186 schema:givenName Johan
    187 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035065230.24
    188 rdf:type schema:Person
    189 sg:person.01251321037.01 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
    190 schema:familyName Colyn
    191 schema:givenName William
    192 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01251321037.01
    193 rdf:type schema:Person
    194 sg:person.01330014330.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
    195 schema:familyName Vandenneucker
    196 schema:givenName Hilde
    197 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01330014330.41
    198 rdf:type schema:Person
    199 sg:person.0760413342.41 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f
    200 schema:familyName Victor
    201 schema:givenName Jan
    202 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0760413342.41
    203 rdf:type schema:Person
    204 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043209996
    205 https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_25
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 sg:pub.10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007935669
    208 https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27658-0_4
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01878009 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049163624
    211 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01878009
    212 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    213 sg:pub.10.1007/bf01879454 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036114267
    214 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf01879454
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 sg:pub.10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033205129
    217 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-008-0710-z
    218 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    219 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905
    220 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052
    223 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4
    224 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    225 sg:pub.10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536
    226 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074495928 schema:CreativeWork
    229 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077019635 schema:CreativeWork
    230 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077293927 schema:CreativeWork
    231 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077475409 schema:CreativeWork
    232 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616656 schema:CreativeWork
    233 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082616657 schema:CreativeWork
    234 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-007-0007-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046394905
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-008-0545-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051833052
    237 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    238 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11999-009-1016-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043950536
    239 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    240 https://doi.org/10.1016/0968-0160(94)90025-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024283167
    241 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    242 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2009.04.034 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036897383
    243 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    244 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2007.08.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028912743
    245 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    246 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.knee.2008.07.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040787853
    247 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    248 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1063-4584(97)80030-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044548130
    249 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    250 https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1248074 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077187691
    251 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    252 https://doi.org/10.1080/17453670510041303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077111743
    253 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    254 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-198303000-00024 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060160145
    255 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    256 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199006000-00029 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060163689
    257 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    258 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199301000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060164940
    259 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    260 https://doi.org/10.1097/00003086-199402000-00021 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1060165547
    261 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    262 https://doi.org/10.1097/01.blo.0000148578.22729.0e schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022553200
    263 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    264 https://doi.org/10.1097/01241398-198309000-00006 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043462067
    265 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    266 https://doi.org/10.1097/bpo.0b013e318186eb79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036356759
    267 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    268 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.67b4.4030849 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080091047
    269 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    270 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.70b2.3346290 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1079696842
    271 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    272 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.90b9.20793 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005016585
    273 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    274 https://doi.org/10.1302/0301-620x.93b1.25181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064886514
    275 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    276 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-197759010-00013 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068886486
    277 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    278 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068889460
    279 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    280 https://doi.org/10.2106/00004623-200011000-00014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068894076
    281 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    282 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.h.01566 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901221
    283 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    284 https://doi.org/10.2106/jbjs.i.01398 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1068901855
    285 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    286 https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2007.2487 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1070873330
    287 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    288 https://doi.org/10.3899/jrheum.080732 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001199248
    289 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    290 https://doi.org/10.3928/01477447-20080901-15 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071719837
    291 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    292 https://doi.org/10.5435/00124635-201009000-00004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1072859632
    293 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    294 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5596.f schema:alternateName KU Leuven
    295 schema:name Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospital Pellenberg, Weligerveld 1, 3012, Pellenberg, Belgium
    296 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Hospitals of the Catholic University Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
    297 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...