Advanced techniques for nanocharacterization of polymeric coating surfaces View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2004-07

AUTHORS

Xiaohong Gu, Tinh Nguyen, Li-Piin Sung, Mark R. VanLandingham, Michael J. Fasolka, Jonathan W. Martin, Y. C. Jean, Diep Nguyen, Nei-Kai Chang, Tsun-Yen Wu

ABSTRACT

Surface properties of a polymeric coating system have a strong influence on its performance and service life. However, the surface of a polymer coating may have different chemical, physical, and mechanical properties from the bulk. In order to monitor the coating property changes with environmental exposures from the early stages of degradation, nondestructive techniques with the ability to characterize surface properties with micro- to nanoscale spatial resolution are required. In this article, atomic force microscopy has been applied to study surface microstructure and morphological changes during degradation in polymer coatings. Additionally, the use of AFM with a controlled tip-sample environment to study nanochemical heterogeneity and the application of nanoindentation to characterize mechanical properties of coatings surfaces are demonstrated. The results obtained from these nanometer characterization techniques will provide a better understanding of the degradation mechanisms and a fundamental basis for predicting the service life of polymer coatings. More... »

PAGES

191-200

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005664764


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.94225.38", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Gu", 
        "givenName": "Xiaohong", 
        "id": "sg:person.014036357212.92", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014036357212.92"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.94225.38", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nguyen", 
        "givenName": "Tinh", 
        "id": "sg:person.010651314036.14", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010651314036.14"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.94225.38", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Sung", 
        "givenName": "Li-Piin", 
        "id": "sg:person.010421277673.86", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010421277673.86"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.94225.38", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "VanLandingham", 
        "givenName": "Mark R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012726665630.31", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012726665630.31"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.94225.38", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fasolka", 
        "givenName": "Michael J.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01364052233.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01364052233.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.94225.38", 
          "name": [
            "National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Martin", 
        "givenName": "Jonathan W.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011706165644.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011706165644.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Missouri-Kansas City, 64110, Kansas City, MO", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266756.6", 
          "name": [
            "University of Missouri-Kansas City, 64110, Kansas City, MO"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jean", 
        "givenName": "Y. C.", 
        "id": "sg:person.013372370223.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013372370223.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "PPG Industries, Inc., 15101, Allison Park, PA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.427187.f", 
          "name": [
            "PPG Industries, Inc., 15101, Allison Park, PA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Nguyen", 
        "givenName": "Diep", 
        "id": "sg:person.016114457477.96", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016114457477.96"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19188.39", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chang", 
        "givenName": "Nei-Kai", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.19188.39", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wu", 
        "givenName": "Tsun-Yen", 
        "id": "sg:person.010175443006.79", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010175443006.79"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02698026", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024061570", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02698026"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02697917", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041481187", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02697917"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1557/proc-710-dd10.9.1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067953658", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1557/proc-710-dd10.9.1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2004-07", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2004-07-01", 
    "description": "Surface properties of a polymeric coating system have a strong influence on its performance and service life. However, the surface of a polymer coating may have different chemical, physical, and mechanical properties from the bulk. In order to monitor the coating property changes with environmental exposures from the early stages of degradation, nondestructive techniques with the ability to characterize surface properties with micro- to nanoscale spatial resolution are required. In this article, atomic force microscopy has been applied to study surface microstructure and morphological changes during degradation in polymer coatings. Additionally, the use of AFM with a controlled tip-sample environment to study nanochemical heterogeneity and the application of nanoindentation to characterize mechanical properties of coatings surfaces are demonstrated. The results obtained from these nanometer characterization techniques will provide a better understanding of the degradation mechanisms and a fundamental basis for predicting the service life of polymer coatings.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1381357", 
        "issn": [
          "1945-9645", 
          "1935-3804"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Coatings Technology and Research", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "1"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "polymer coating", 
      "surface properties", 
      "coating surface", 
      "polymeric coating surfaces", 
      "mechanical properties", 
      "polymeric coating system", 
      "service life", 
      "atomic force microscopy", 
      "use of AFM", 
      "nanoscale spatial resolution", 
      "application of nanoindentation", 
      "force microscopy", 
      "characterization techniques", 
      "coating system", 
      "surface microstructure", 
      "degradation mechanism", 
      "coatings", 
      "different chemical", 
      "property changes", 
      "nondestructive technique", 
      "surface", 
      "properties", 
      "spatial resolution", 
      "AFM", 
      "advanced techniques", 
      "microstructure", 
      "nanoindentation", 
      "degradation", 
      "nanocharacterization", 
      "strong influence", 
      "chemicals", 
      "microscopy", 
      "micro", 
      "fundamental basis", 
      "technique", 
      "bulk", 
      "performance", 
      "applications", 
      "morphological changes", 
      "influence", 
      "environmental exposures", 
      "resolution", 
      "system", 
      "order", 
      "better understanding", 
      "mechanism", 
      "results", 
      "environment", 
      "changes", 
      "early stages", 
      "ability", 
      "use", 
      "basis", 
      "exposure", 
      "stage", 
      "life", 
      "understanding", 
      "article", 
      "heterogeneity", 
      "tip-sample environment", 
      "nanochemical heterogeneity", 
      "nanometer characterization techniques"
    ], 
    "name": "Advanced techniques for nanocharacterization of polymeric coating surfaces", 
    "pagination": "191-200", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1005664764"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005664764"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:16", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_390.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

203 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      90 URIs      79 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author Na9372c9f87574129b5d47d367364d50e
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02697917
5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02698026
6 sg:pub.10.1557/proc-710-dd10.9.1
7 schema:datePublished 2004-07
8 schema:datePublishedReg 2004-07-01
9 schema:description Surface properties of a polymeric coating system have a strong influence on its performance and service life. However, the surface of a polymer coating may have different chemical, physical, and mechanical properties from the bulk. In order to monitor the coating property changes with environmental exposures from the early stages of degradation, nondestructive techniques with the ability to characterize surface properties with micro- to nanoscale spatial resolution are required. In this article, atomic force microscopy has been applied to study surface microstructure and morphological changes during degradation in polymer coatings. Additionally, the use of AFM with a controlled tip-sample environment to study nanochemical heterogeneity and the application of nanoindentation to characterize mechanical properties of coatings surfaces are demonstrated. The results obtained from these nanometer characterization techniques will provide a better understanding of the degradation mechanisms and a fundamental basis for predicting the service life of polymer coatings.
10 schema:genre article
11 schema:inLanguage en
12 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
13 schema:isPartOf Nb87665d0419f44f0abde48969e768e9f
14 Ndd79919dfdad4743b11969dc6c0a5ba7
15 sg:journal.1381357
16 schema:keywords AFM
17 ability
18 advanced techniques
19 application of nanoindentation
20 applications
21 article
22 atomic force microscopy
23 basis
24 better understanding
25 bulk
26 changes
27 characterization techniques
28 chemicals
29 coating surface
30 coating system
31 coatings
32 degradation
33 degradation mechanism
34 different chemical
35 early stages
36 environment
37 environmental exposures
38 exposure
39 force microscopy
40 fundamental basis
41 heterogeneity
42 influence
43 life
44 mechanical properties
45 mechanism
46 micro
47 microscopy
48 microstructure
49 morphological changes
50 nanocharacterization
51 nanochemical heterogeneity
52 nanoindentation
53 nanometer characterization techniques
54 nanoscale spatial resolution
55 nondestructive technique
56 order
57 performance
58 polymer coating
59 polymeric coating surfaces
60 polymeric coating system
61 properties
62 property changes
63 resolution
64 results
65 service life
66 spatial resolution
67 stage
68 strong influence
69 surface
70 surface microstructure
71 surface properties
72 system
73 technique
74 tip-sample environment
75 understanding
76 use
77 use of AFM
78 schema:name Advanced techniques for nanocharacterization of polymeric coating surfaces
79 schema:pagination 191-200
80 schema:productId Ne10676315ece45d7843c0edf255d7b39
81 Nfdaa198b8e24472b91cb27bcf8185fee
82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1005664764
83 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4
84 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:16
85 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
86 schema:sdPublisher N79c125a3dffa4121bd0d87b0c4494ae8
87 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4
88 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
89 sgo:sdDataset articles
90 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
91 N0d961380b2c5479db5b0eb1a39785971 rdf:first sg:person.011706165644.45
92 rdf:rest Ne870bf10928547bb84920e65a163ab95
93 N131282ea75144030bbfeab2d294c8507 rdf:first sg:person.012726665630.31
94 rdf:rest N6c09868ca346426dab6bd067a61d33cb
95 N3e89a61cf2a64fea9d9e4835dec05ada rdf:first sg:person.010421277673.86
96 rdf:rest N131282ea75144030bbfeab2d294c8507
97 N5d1f30b786ba406dbdca3994fff6f33c schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.19188.39
98 schema:familyName Chang
99 schema:givenName Nei-Kai
100 rdf:type schema:Person
101 N652ef70c740b456799a51ac23b076826 rdf:first sg:person.010175443006.79
102 rdf:rest rdf:nil
103 N6c09868ca346426dab6bd067a61d33cb rdf:first sg:person.01364052233.20
104 rdf:rest N0d961380b2c5479db5b0eb1a39785971
105 N7009f4ec24a540cca7459370d878360b rdf:first sg:person.010651314036.14
106 rdf:rest N3e89a61cf2a64fea9d9e4835dec05ada
107 N72d11f1de7204b38a93901156b0b1736 rdf:first sg:person.016114457477.96
108 rdf:rest Nfeda2b5704924e219416183a4d26a61b
109 N79c125a3dffa4121bd0d87b0c4494ae8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
110 rdf:type schema:Organization
111 Na9372c9f87574129b5d47d367364d50e rdf:first sg:person.014036357212.92
112 rdf:rest N7009f4ec24a540cca7459370d878360b
113 Nb87665d0419f44f0abde48969e768e9f schema:issueNumber 3
114 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
115 Ndd79919dfdad4743b11969dc6c0a5ba7 schema:volumeNumber 1
116 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
117 Ne10676315ece45d7843c0edf255d7b39 schema:name dimensions_id
118 schema:value pub.1005664764
119 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
120 Ne870bf10928547bb84920e65a163ab95 rdf:first sg:person.013372370223.63
121 rdf:rest N72d11f1de7204b38a93901156b0b1736
122 Nfdaa198b8e24472b91cb27bcf8185fee schema:name doi
123 schema:value 10.1007/s11998-004-0012-4
124 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
125 Nfeda2b5704924e219416183a4d26a61b rdf:first N5d1f30b786ba406dbdca3994fff6f33c
126 rdf:rest N652ef70c740b456799a51ac23b076826
127 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
128 schema:name Engineering
129 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
130 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
131 schema:name Materials Engineering
132 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
133 sg:journal.1381357 schema:issn 1935-3804
134 1945-9645
135 schema:name Journal of Coatings Technology and Research
136 schema:publisher Springer Nature
137 rdf:type schema:Periodical
138 sg:person.010175443006.79 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.19188.39
139 schema:familyName Wu
140 schema:givenName Tsun-Yen
141 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010175443006.79
142 rdf:type schema:Person
143 sg:person.010421277673.86 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.94225.38
144 schema:familyName Sung
145 schema:givenName Li-Piin
146 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010421277673.86
147 rdf:type schema:Person
148 sg:person.010651314036.14 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.94225.38
149 schema:familyName Nguyen
150 schema:givenName Tinh
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010651314036.14
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.011706165644.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.94225.38
154 schema:familyName Martin
155 schema:givenName Jonathan W.
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011706165644.45
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.012726665630.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.94225.38
159 schema:familyName VanLandingham
160 schema:givenName Mark R.
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012726665630.31
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.013372370223.63 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.266756.6
164 schema:familyName Jean
165 schema:givenName Y. C.
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013372370223.63
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.01364052233.20 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.94225.38
169 schema:familyName Fasolka
170 schema:givenName Michael J.
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01364052233.20
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.014036357212.92 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.94225.38
174 schema:familyName Gu
175 schema:givenName Xiaohong
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014036357212.92
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.016114457477.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.427187.f
179 schema:familyName Nguyen
180 schema:givenName Diep
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016114457477.96
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02697917 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041481187
184 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02697917
185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
186 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02698026 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024061570
187 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02698026
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 sg:pub.10.1557/proc-710-dd10.9.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1067953658
190 https://doi.org/10.1557/proc-710-dd10.9.1
191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
192 grid-institutes:grid.19188.39 schema:alternateName Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
193 schema:name Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
194 rdf:type schema:Organization
195 grid-institutes:grid.266756.6 schema:alternateName University of Missouri-Kansas City, 64110, Kansas City, MO
196 schema:name University of Missouri-Kansas City, 64110, Kansas City, MO
197 rdf:type schema:Organization
198 grid-institutes:grid.427187.f schema:alternateName PPG Industries, Inc., 15101, Allison Park, PA
199 schema:name PPG Industries, Inc., 15101, Allison Park, PA
200 rdf:type schema:Organization
201 grid-institutes:grid.94225.38 schema:alternateName National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD
202 schema:name National Institute of Standards and Technology, 20899, Gaithersburg, MD
203 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...