Uncovering a New Moral Dilemma of Economic Optimization in Biotechnological Processing View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-08

AUTHORS

Marek Vochozka, Vojtěch Stehel, Anna Maroušková

ABSTRACT

The trend of emerging biorefineries is to process the harvest as efficiently as possible and without any waste. From the most valuable phytomass, refined medicines, enzymes, dyes and other special reactants are created. Functional foods, food ingredients, oils, alcohol, solvents, plastics, fillers and a wide variety of other chemical products follow. After being treated with nutrient recovery techniques (for fertilizer production), biofuels or soil improvers are produced from the leftovers. Economic optimization algorithms have confirmed that such complex biorefineries can be financially viable only when a high degree of feedstock concentration is included. Because the plant material is extremely voluminous before processing, the farming intensity of special plants increases in the nearest vicinity of agglomerations where the biorefineries are built for logistical reasons. Interdisciplinary analyses revealed that these optimization measures lead to significantly increased pollen levels in neighbouring urban areas and subsequently an increased risk of allergies, respectively costs to the national health system. A new moral dilemma between the shareholder's profit and public interest was uncovered and subjected to disputation. More... »

PAGES

1331-1338

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2016-04. Polemics on Ethical Aspects in the Compost Business in SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING ETHICS
  • 2014-05. Study on the dynamics of grass microgametophytes from urban vegetation in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2014-06. Economically oriented process optimization in waste management in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2014-12. Significant breakthrough in biochar cost reduction in CLEAN TECHNOLOGIES AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
  • 2010. Breeding for Grass Seed Yield in FODDER CROPS AND AMENITY GRASSES
  • 2016-12. Biorefinery of the green seaweed Ulva lactuca to produce animal feed, chemicals and biofuels in JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYCOLOGY
  • 2013-06. Study on Agriculture Decision-Makers Behavior on Sustainable Energy Utilization in JOURNAL OF AGRICULTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ETHICS
  • 2004-04. Principles of biorefineries in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11948-017-9925-z

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11948-017-9925-z

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

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