An Attachment Perspective on Borderline Personality Disorder: Advances in Gene–Environment Considerations View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2010-02

AUTHORS

Howard Steele, Larry Siever

ABSTRACT

Accumulating evidence points to severe relationship dysfunction as the core epigenetic expression of borderline personality disorder (BPD). In adulthood, BPD is typified by disorganization within and across interpersonal domains of functioning. When interacting with their infants, mothers with BPD show marked withdrawal and frightening or frightened behavior, leading to disorganized infant-mother attachments. Linked to both infant disorganization and BPD is a maternal state of mind typified by unresolved mourning regarding past loss or trauma. Early risk factors for BPD in adulthood include maternal withdrawal in infancy and separation of 1 month or more from mother in the first 5 years of life. Likely contributing biological factors include genes linked to dopamine, serotonin, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, and neuropeptides. The complex gene-environment picture emerging confers risk or protection against BPD pathology in ways consistent with infants varying biological sensitivity to context. This line of research may refine early risk assessment and preventive mental health services. More... »

PAGES

61-67

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11920-009-0091-0

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11920-009-0091-0

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044299100

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20425312


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