When the Evidence Is Incorrect: an Exploration of What Happens When Interviewers Unwittingly Present Inaccurate Information in Interviews with Suspects View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2021-12-03

AUTHORS

Martijn van Beek, Ray Bull, Melissa Chen

ABSTRACT

Skillfully presenting evidence/information to suspects is one of the few interviewing techniques that increases the likelihood of guilty suspects providing information or making a confession, without making innocent ones do so as well. It is important that this evidence/information is correct, since deliberately disclosing incorrect evidence poses some risks. Also, in real-life interviews, police interviewers may unwittingly disclose incorrect evidence, for example when a witness was mistaken and provided the police with incorrect information. The present study examined the behavior of fifty police interviewers in interviews with “suspects” of a scripted crime: what is their response when the interviewees try to explain to them that some of the evidence/information just disclosed by them is incorrect? Eleven interviewers responded adaptively (by actively picking up on this new information), 35 responded in a neutral way and four responded maladaptively (by discrediting the interviewee’s claim). Experience and a full interview training had a significant negative relationship with adaptiveness. These results indicate that, when preparing and conducting interviews with suspects, greater awareness is needed of the possibility that some of the evidence/information that is to be disclosed could be incorrect, and therefore it is crucial that suspects’ responses which suggest such may be the case are taken into account. More... »

PAGES

769-782

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1143606864

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34876779


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/17", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology and Cognitive Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1701", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Psychology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Derby, Derby, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57686.3a", 
          "name": [
            "Police Academy of the Netherlands, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands", 
            "University of Derby, Derby, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Beek", 
        "givenName": "Martijn van", 
        "id": "sg:person.013062671743.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013062671743.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Derby, Derby, UK", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.57686.3a", 
          "name": [
            "University of Derby, Derby, UK"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bull", 
        "givenName": "Ray", 
        "id": "sg:person.01162065163.83", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01162065163.83"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Dutch National Police, Zwolle, The Netherlands", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Dutch National Police, Zwolle, The Netherlands"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chen", 
        "givenName": "Melissa", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-9642-7_9", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014456696", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9642-7_9"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1128769648", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-96334-1_36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113808006", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96334-1_36"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-016-9207-8", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045114495", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-016-9207-8"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-015-9187-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035875832", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-015-9187-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-013-9131-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018659924", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-013-9131-0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2021-12-03", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2021-12-03", 
    "description": "Skillfully presenting evidence/information to suspects is one of the few interviewing techniques that increases the likelihood of guilty suspects providing information or making a confession, without making innocent ones do so as well. It is important that this evidence/information is correct, since deliberately disclosing incorrect evidence poses some risks. Also, in real-life interviews, police interviewers may unwittingly disclose incorrect evidence, for example when a witness was mistaken and provided the police with incorrect information. The present study examined the behavior of fifty police interviewers in interviews with \u201csuspects\u201d of a scripted crime: what is their response when the interviewees try to explain to them that some of the evidence/information just disclosed by them is incorrect? Eleven interviewers responded adaptively (by actively picking up on this new information), 35 responded in a neutral way and four responded maladaptively (by discrediting the interviewee\u2019s claim). Experience and a full interview training had a significant negative relationship with adaptiveness. These results indicate that, when preparing and conducting interviews with suspects, greater awareness is needed of the possibility that some of the evidence/information that is to be disclosed could be incorrect, and therefore it is crucial that suspects\u2019 responses which suggest such may be the case are taken into account.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1053097", 
        "issn": [
          "0882-0783", 
          "1936-6469"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "4", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "36"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "police interviewers", 
      "real-life interviews", 
      "interviews", 
      "interview training", 
      "suspects", 
      "innocent ones", 
      "neutral way", 
      "greater awareness", 
      "interviewing techniques", 
      "guilty suspects", 
      "interviewers", 
      "police", 
      "crime", 
      "interviewees", 
      "witness", 
      "confession", 
      "experience", 
      "negative relationship", 
      "inaccurate information", 
      "way", 
      "awareness", 
      "significant negative relationship", 
      "evidence", 
      "relationship", 
      "account", 
      "exploration", 
      "training", 
      "incorrect information", 
      "likelihood", 
      "possibility", 
      "adaptiveness", 
      "information", 
      "example", 
      "one", 
      "response", 
      "study", 
      "risk", 
      "cases", 
      "behavior", 
      "results", 
      "present study", 
      "technique"
    ], 
    "name": "When the Evidence Is Incorrect: an Exploration of What Happens When Interviewers Unwittingly Present Inaccurate Information in Interviews with Suspects", 
    "pagination": "769-782", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1143606864"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "34876779"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1143606864"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:38", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_896.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

145 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      74 URIs      60 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:17
2 anzsrc-for:1701
3 schema:author N57902a14f800493597a47960eda8aeaa
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-9642-7_9
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-96334-1_36
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-013-9131-0
7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-015-9187-0
8 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-016-9207-8
9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1
10 schema:datePublished 2021-12-03
11 schema:datePublishedReg 2021-12-03
12 schema:description Skillfully presenting evidence/information to suspects is one of the few interviewing techniques that increases the likelihood of guilty suspects providing information or making a confession, without making innocent ones do so as well. It is important that this evidence/information is correct, since deliberately disclosing incorrect evidence poses some risks. Also, in real-life interviews, police interviewers may unwittingly disclose incorrect evidence, for example when a witness was mistaken and provided the police with incorrect information. The present study examined the behavior of fifty police interviewers in interviews with “suspects” of a scripted crime: what is their response when the interviewees try to explain to them that some of the evidence/information just disclosed by them is incorrect? Eleven interviewers responded adaptively (by actively picking up on this new information), 35 responded in a neutral way and four responded maladaptively (by discrediting the interviewee’s claim). Experience and a full interview training had a significant negative relationship with adaptiveness. These results indicate that, when preparing and conducting interviews with suspects, greater awareness is needed of the possibility that some of the evidence/information that is to be disclosed could be incorrect, and therefore it is crucial that suspects’ responses which suggest such may be the case are taken into account.
13 schema:genre article
14 schema:inLanguage en
15 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
16 schema:isPartOf N7a3b22dd678b483f897f8c95f20c411d
17 Na4b23a90c0d5415ab8d4b735638f4e18
18 sg:journal.1053097
19 schema:keywords account
20 adaptiveness
21 awareness
22 behavior
23 cases
24 confession
25 crime
26 evidence
27 example
28 experience
29 exploration
30 greater awareness
31 guilty suspects
32 inaccurate information
33 incorrect information
34 information
35 innocent ones
36 interview training
37 interviewees
38 interviewers
39 interviewing techniques
40 interviews
41 likelihood
42 negative relationship
43 neutral way
44 one
45 police
46 police interviewers
47 possibility
48 present study
49 real-life interviews
50 relationship
51 response
52 results
53 risk
54 significant negative relationship
55 study
56 suspects
57 technique
58 training
59 way
60 witness
61 schema:name When the Evidence Is Incorrect: an Exploration of What Happens When Interviewers Unwittingly Present Inaccurate Information in Interviews with Suspects
62 schema:pagination 769-782
63 schema:productId N4d532313007e409db9cb04591952bb66
64 N4e7979b0afe742c5b5b590f68caf8bdb
65 N78d1492bca904997b24524a5d3dc5f1f
66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1143606864
67 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3
68 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:38
69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
70 schema:sdPublisher N2823ecce85b34406a8d5e64e46d645fe
71 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3
72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
73 sgo:sdDataset articles
74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
75 N2823ecce85b34406a8d5e64e46d645fe schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
76 rdf:type schema:Organization
77 N4d532313007e409db9cb04591952bb66 schema:name doi
78 schema:value 10.1007/s11896-021-09494-3
79 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
80 N4e7979b0afe742c5b5b590f68caf8bdb schema:name dimensions_id
81 schema:value pub.1143606864
82 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
83 N55ab4e601ad24846a6ff18e3f96bb172 rdf:first Ne37cb4959124496299b100ecd3d3839b
84 rdf:rest rdf:nil
85 N57902a14f800493597a47960eda8aeaa rdf:first sg:person.013062671743.04
86 rdf:rest Nf3123f2b27664b128759c87f147a2f15
87 N78d1492bca904997b24524a5d3dc5f1f schema:name pubmed_id
88 schema:value 34876779
89 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
90 N7a3b22dd678b483f897f8c95f20c411d schema:volumeNumber 36
91 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
92 Na4b23a90c0d5415ab8d4b735638f4e18 schema:issueNumber 4
93 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
94 Ne37cb4959124496299b100ecd3d3839b schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
95 schema:familyName Chen
96 schema:givenName Melissa
97 rdf:type schema:Person
98 Nf3123f2b27664b128759c87f147a2f15 rdf:first sg:person.01162065163.83
99 rdf:rest N55ab4e601ad24846a6ff18e3f96bb172
100 anzsrc-for:17 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
101 schema:name Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 anzsrc-for:1701 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
104 schema:name Psychology
105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
106 sg:journal.1053097 schema:issn 0882-0783
107 1936-6469
108 schema:name Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology
109 schema:publisher Springer Nature
110 rdf:type schema:Periodical
111 sg:person.01162065163.83 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57686.3a
112 schema:familyName Bull
113 schema:givenName Ray
114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01162065163.83
115 rdf:type schema:Person
116 sg:person.013062671743.04 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.57686.3a
117 schema:familyName Beek
118 schema:givenName Martijn van
119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013062671743.04
120 rdf:type schema:Person
121 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4614-9642-7_9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014456696
122 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-9642-7_9
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-319-96334-1_36 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1113808006
125 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-96334-1_36
126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
127 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-013-9131-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018659924
128 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-013-9131-0
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-015-9187-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035875832
131 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-015-9187-0
132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
133 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-016-9207-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045114495
134 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-016-9207-8
135 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
136 sg:pub.10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1128769648
137 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11896-020-09391-1
138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
139 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Dutch National Police, Zwolle, The Netherlands
140 schema:name Dutch National Police, Zwolle, The Netherlands
141 rdf:type schema:Organization
142 grid-institutes:grid.57686.3a schema:alternateName University of Derby, Derby, UK
143 schema:name Police Academy of the Netherlands, Apeldoorn, The Netherlands
144 University of Derby, Derby, UK
145 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...