Evolving Concepts of the Role of High-Density Lipoprotein in Protection from Atherosclerosis View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2011-04

AUTHORS

John A. Farmer, Joshua Liao

ABSTRACT

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) is classified as a negative risk factor due to the inverse relationship between elevated levels of HDL cholesterol and atherosclerosis. The mechanism by which HDL can mediate protection from atherosclerosis is complex and multifactorial. The primary role of reverse cholesterol transport in the reduction of risk for coronary artery disease is supported by a considerable amount of experimental data. HDL is able to interact with and remove cholesterol from the lipid-laden foam cells in the peripheral vasculature with subsequent transportation to the liver for excretion. However, HDL has multiple other physiologic effects that may play a significant role in protection from atherosclerosis. HDL has been demonstrated to exhibit multiple beneficial effects on the coagulation system. Platelet function is improved by both direct and indirect mechanisms. HDL has a complex interaction with the protein C and protein S system. Thrombolytic balance is also improved by HDL. HDL has been demonstrated to have a significant natural antioxidant effect that inhibits the oxidative step required for low-density lipoprotein uptake by the macrophage. Additionally, HDL has also been demonstrated to exert multiple beneficial effects on endothelial function, including decreased apoptosis and endothelial repair. More... »

PAGES

107-114

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11883-011-0166-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11883-011-0166-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026250777

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21380938


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