Low-Density Steels: Complex Metallurgy for Automotive Applications View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2014-09

AUTHORS

I. Zuazo, B. Hallstedt, B. Lindahl, M. Selleby, M. Soler, A. Etienne, A. Perlade, D. Hasenpouth, V. Massardier-Jourdan, S. Cazottes, X. Kleber

ABSTRACT

The current aim in the development of third-generation steels for lightweighting automotive applications is to increase strength keeping at least the same formability as current steel concepts. In this philosophy, an optimal concept would be one that brings, in addition, a lower density. For this purpose, low-density steels have been designed with important aluminum additions obtaining density reductions of 8–10% or higher in comparison with low-carbon steels. At the levels required for lightweighting, aluminum introduces complex phenomena in steels. Here, some of the effects of aluminum in phase stability, CALPHAD-type modeling, and microstructure development are described, the latter in relation with mechanical properties. Finally, the potential of two families of lightweight steels for automotive applications is assessed by comparison with a steel currently present in automotive structures. More... »

PAGES

1747-1758

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1981-06. Nonequilibrium phases in rapidly quenched Fe-Al-C ternary alloys in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2006-02. Experimental determination and thermodynamic calculation of phase equilibria in the Fe−Mn−Al system in JOURNAL OF PHASE EQUILIBRIA
  • 1991-06. A Thermodynamic Analysis of the Al-C-Fe System in JOURNAL OF PHASE EQUILIBRIA
  • 2000-12. Chemical composition optimization for austenitic steels of the Fe-Mn-Al-C system in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 1972-08. Fine structure in quenched Fe-Al-C steels in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2014-01. Ferrite Effects in Fe-Mn-Al-C Triplex Steels in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013250921


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Automotive Products, ArcelorMittal Maizi\u00e8res Research, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, 57283, Maizi\u00e8res-l\u00e8s-Metz, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zuazo", 
            "givenName": "I.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014726445143.02", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014726445143.02"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "RWTH Aachen University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1957.a", 
              "name": [
                "Institute for Materials Applications in Mechanical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Augustinerbach 4, 52062, Aachen, Germany"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hallstedt", 
            "givenName": "B.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010047321256.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010047321256.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Royal Institute of Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5037.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 10044, Stockholm, Sweden"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lindahl", 
            "givenName": "B.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013534150755.34", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013534150755.34"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Royal Institute of Technology", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5037.1", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 10044, Stockholm, Sweden"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Selleby", 
            "givenName": "M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013071374025.67", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013071374025.67"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Automotive Products, ArcelorMittal Maizi\u00e8res Research, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, 57283, Maizi\u00e8res-l\u00e8s-Metz, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Soler", 
            "givenName": "M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010236100305.10", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010236100305.10"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Groupe de Physique des Mat\u00e9riaux", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464188.7", 
              "name": [
                "MATEIS Laboratory, INSA Lyon, University of Lyon, B\u00e2timent St. Exup\u00e9ry, 25 av. Jean Capelle, 69621, Villeurbanne Cedex, France", 
                "Groupe de Physique des Mat\u00e9riaux, UMR\nCNRS 6634, Universit\u00e9 et INSA de Rouen, Avenue de l\u2019Universit\u00e9, BP 12, 76801, Saint-\u00c9tienne-du-Rouvray Cedex, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Etienne", 
            "givenName": "A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016466762173.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016466762173.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "Automotive Products, ArcelorMittal Maizi\u00e8res Research, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, 57283, Maizi\u00e8res-l\u00e8s-Metz, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Perlade", 
            "givenName": "A.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010673757757.75", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010673757757.75"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "name": [
                "ArcelorMittal Global R&D Montataire, Route de Saint-Leu, BP 30109, Montataire, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Hasenpouth", 
            "givenName": "D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07700645513.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07700645513.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institut National des Sciences Appliqu\u00e9es de Lyon", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37", 
              "name": [
                "MATEIS Laboratory, INSA Lyon, University of Lyon, B\u00e2timent St. Exup\u00e9ry, 25 av. Jean Capelle, 69621, Villeurbanne Cedex, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Massardier-Jourdan", 
            "givenName": "V.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016361171731.22", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016361171731.22"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institut National des Sciences Appliqu\u00e9es de Lyon", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37", 
              "name": [
                "MATEIS Laboratory, INSA Lyon, University of Lyon, B\u00e2timent St. Exup\u00e9ry, 25 av. Jean Capelle, 69621, Villeurbanne Cedex, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Cazottes", 
            "givenName": "S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01134077730.50", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134077730.50"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Institut National des Sciences Appliqu\u00e9es de Lyon", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37", 
              "name": [
                "MATEIS Laboratory, INSA Lyon, University of Lyon, B\u00e2timent St. Exup\u00e9ry, 25 av. Jean Capelle, 69621, Villeurbanne Cedex, France"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kleber", 
            "givenName": "X.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011453703703.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011453703703.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643485", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004971137", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643485"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643485", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004971137", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643485"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2013.05.001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006151897"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.06.032", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006244296"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.30.680", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007337150"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2010.05.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008434091"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2012.704419", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009972542"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6454(97)00201-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011448567"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2008.01.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013128281"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.44.1679", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015264776"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.44.1679", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015264776"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0036-9748(88)80071-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018342490"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(89)90196-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019173111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(89)90196-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019173111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2004.09.055", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019466775"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.44.1738", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020990310"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2009.02.046", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021853782"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643228", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027014417", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643228", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027014417", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643228"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0966-9795(95)00003-h", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027367788"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intermet.2007.09.011", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029256191"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2011.08.002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037590909"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(91)90372-t", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040513662"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(91)90372-t", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040513662"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8388(00)01481-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043537120"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/srin.193801065", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043674351"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1361/105994900770345430", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049797215", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1361/105994900770345430"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(58)90074-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050591963"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(58)90074-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050591963"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2012.07.037", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051430787"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-013-1990-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051731177", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-013-1990-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1361/105497106x92817", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053414198", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1361/105497106x92817"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1361/105497106x92817", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053414198", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1361/105497106x92817"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649916", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053658355", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02649916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649916", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053658355", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02649916"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1051/metal:2000110", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057044752"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/026708309x12535382371852", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064101386"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2014-09", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2014-09-01", 
        "description": "The current aim in the development of third-generation steels for lightweighting automotive applications is to increase strength keeping at least the same formability as current steel concepts. In this philosophy, an optimal concept would be one that brings, in addition, a lower density. For this purpose, low-density steels have been designed with important aluminum additions obtaining density reductions of 8\u201310% or higher in comparison with low-carbon steels. At the levels required for lightweighting, aluminum introduces complex phenomena in steels. Here, some of the effects of aluminum in phase stability, CALPHAD-type modeling, and microstructure development are described, the latter in relation with mechanical properties. Finally, the potential of two families of lightweight steels for automotive applications is assessed by comparison with a steel currently present in automotive structures.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1042541", 
            "issn": [
              "1047-4838", 
              "1543-1851"
            ], 
            "name": "JOM", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "9", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "66"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Low-Density Steels: Complex Metallurgy for Automotive Applications", 
        "pagination": "1747-1758", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "3f2071f2aea612060d05787312a4473c8cec973b695baf6d61753b7713ac67e6"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1013250921"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013250921"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T20:49", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8684_00000521.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11837-014-1084-y"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    242 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      56 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author Nd6c3841579984c54a2426b6576c282ab
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643228
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643485
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649916
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-013-1990-6
    8 sg:pub.10.1361/105497106x92817
    9 sg:pub.10.1361/105994900770345430
    10 https://doi.org/10.1002/srin.193801065
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(58)90074-9
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(89)90196-2
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(91)90372-t
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/0966-9795(95)00003-h
    15 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2009.02.046
    16 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2008.01.002
    17 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2010.05.002
    18 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2011.08.002
    19 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2013.05.001
    20 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intermet.2007.09.011
    21 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.06.032
    22 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2004.09.055
    23 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2012.07.037
    24 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0036-9748(88)80071-1
    25 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8388(00)01481-x
    26 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6454(97)00201-2
    27 https://doi.org/10.1051/metal:2000110
    28 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2012.704419
    29 https://doi.org/10.1179/026708309x12535382371852
    30 https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.44.1679
    31 https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.30.680
    32 https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.44.1738
    33 schema:datePublished 2014-09
    34 schema:datePublishedReg 2014-09-01
    35 schema:description The current aim in the development of third-generation steels for lightweighting automotive applications is to increase strength keeping at least the same formability as current steel concepts. In this philosophy, an optimal concept would be one that brings, in addition, a lower density. For this purpose, low-density steels have been designed with important aluminum additions obtaining density reductions of 8–10% or higher in comparison with low-carbon steels. At the levels required for lightweighting, aluminum introduces complex phenomena in steels. Here, some of the effects of aluminum in phase stability, CALPHAD-type modeling, and microstructure development are described, the latter in relation with mechanical properties. Finally, the potential of two families of lightweight steels for automotive applications is assessed by comparison with a steel currently present in automotive structures.
    36 schema:genre research_article
    37 schema:inLanguage en
    38 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    39 schema:isPartOf N9339bee3263f4d4ca2e8d012888d880c
    40 Ne00018b88e814132b9f4180f7fdc71ff
    41 sg:journal.1042541
    42 schema:name Low-Density Steels: Complex Metallurgy for Automotive Applications
    43 schema:pagination 1747-1758
    44 schema:productId N91bb3336aafd4a9eaf042f8d55f60210
    45 Nb7a26847c6fe420dbff09bbf145dbd52
    46 Nc1ba351f6dec49d1922e3a046b4c3608
    47 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013250921
    48 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y
    49 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T20:49
    50 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    51 schema:sdPublisher N8387d21cdc8e496e8d85df1f74059d50
    52 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11837-014-1084-y
    53 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    54 sgo:sdDataset articles
    55 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    56 N21f12dbc121746cf93bcc281c27e9506 rdf:first sg:person.016361171731.22
    57 rdf:rest N232378a67b1042fea2a438900a075304
    58 N232378a67b1042fea2a438900a075304 rdf:first sg:person.01134077730.50
    59 rdf:rest Nc20bc350c4ce4c47bc3216d7f5f19ee0
    60 N2cb985363eb3407fb2fe3344c9c12cbb rdf:first sg:person.016466762173.77
    61 rdf:rest Ncebb3fa3ffe74acfa577be02f3fe89c2
    62 N4a195e6e7d7b4a12867e22b212992ef5 rdf:first sg:person.07700645513.29
    63 rdf:rest N21f12dbc121746cf93bcc281c27e9506
    64 N6640c87c6967482ba94f064ced062550 schema:name Automotive Products, ArcelorMittal Maizières Research, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, 57283, Maizières-lès-Metz, France
    65 rdf:type schema:Organization
    66 N7d9db77ee4a640bb80ea24de3c2b5f05 rdf:first sg:person.013071374025.67
    67 rdf:rest N8c46d778eaeb4704bc898fa7e3ea1562
    68 N8387d21cdc8e496e8d85df1f74059d50 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    69 rdf:type schema:Organization
    70 N8c46d778eaeb4704bc898fa7e3ea1562 rdf:first sg:person.010236100305.10
    71 rdf:rest N2cb985363eb3407fb2fe3344c9c12cbb
    72 N91bb3336aafd4a9eaf042f8d55f60210 schema:name dimensions_id
    73 schema:value pub.1013250921
    74 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    75 N91d5b45929d04df0b31fc2f1a9657195 schema:name Automotive Products, ArcelorMittal Maizières Research, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, 57283, Maizières-lès-Metz, France
    76 rdf:type schema:Organization
    77 N9339bee3263f4d4ca2e8d012888d880c schema:volumeNumber 66
    78 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    79 Nb35d0ec615144effba2a770272bdc015 rdf:first sg:person.010047321256.51
    80 rdf:rest Nc5670d19d6b5469aa642dff874507523
    81 Nb7a26847c6fe420dbff09bbf145dbd52 schema:name readcube_id
    82 schema:value 3f2071f2aea612060d05787312a4473c8cec973b695baf6d61753b7713ac67e6
    83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    84 Nc1ba351f6dec49d1922e3a046b4c3608 schema:name doi
    85 schema:value 10.1007/s11837-014-1084-y
    86 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    87 Nc20bc350c4ce4c47bc3216d7f5f19ee0 rdf:first sg:person.011453703703.31
    88 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    89 Nc5670d19d6b5469aa642dff874507523 rdf:first sg:person.013534150755.34
    90 rdf:rest N7d9db77ee4a640bb80ea24de3c2b5f05
    91 Ncebb3fa3ffe74acfa577be02f3fe89c2 rdf:first sg:person.010673757757.75
    92 rdf:rest N4a195e6e7d7b4a12867e22b212992ef5
    93 Nd6c3841579984c54a2426b6576c282ab rdf:first sg:person.014726445143.02
    94 rdf:rest Nb35d0ec615144effba2a770272bdc015
    95 Nd7887a04a63947e5ac4d40c52be7fc31 schema:name ArcelorMittal Global R&D Montataire, Route de Saint-Leu, BP 30109, Montataire, France
    96 rdf:type schema:Organization
    97 Ne00018b88e814132b9f4180f7fdc71ff schema:issueNumber 9
    98 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    99 Ne9619387d0f2471b8c497a70d43467c0 schema:name Automotive Products, ArcelorMittal Maizières Research, Voie Romaine, BP 30320, 57283, Maizières-lès-Metz, France
    100 rdf:type schema:Organization
    101 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    102 schema:name Engineering
    103 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    104 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    105 schema:name Materials Engineering
    106 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    107 sg:journal.1042541 schema:issn 1047-4838
    108 1543-1851
    109 schema:name JOM
    110 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    111 sg:person.010047321256.51 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1957.a
    112 schema:familyName Hallstedt
    113 schema:givenName B.
    114 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010047321256.51
    115 rdf:type schema:Person
    116 sg:person.010236100305.10 schema:affiliation N91d5b45929d04df0b31fc2f1a9657195
    117 schema:familyName Soler
    118 schema:givenName M.
    119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010236100305.10
    120 rdf:type schema:Person
    121 sg:person.010673757757.75 schema:affiliation N6640c87c6967482ba94f064ced062550
    122 schema:familyName Perlade
    123 schema:givenName A.
    124 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010673757757.75
    125 rdf:type schema:Person
    126 sg:person.01134077730.50 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37
    127 schema:familyName Cazottes
    128 schema:givenName S.
    129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01134077730.50
    130 rdf:type schema:Person
    131 sg:person.011453703703.31 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37
    132 schema:familyName Kleber
    133 schema:givenName X.
    134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011453703703.31
    135 rdf:type schema:Person
    136 sg:person.013071374025.67 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5037.1
    137 schema:familyName Selleby
    138 schema:givenName M.
    139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013071374025.67
    140 rdf:type schema:Person
    141 sg:person.013534150755.34 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5037.1
    142 schema:familyName Lindahl
    143 schema:givenName B.
    144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013534150755.34
    145 rdf:type schema:Person
    146 sg:person.014726445143.02 schema:affiliation Ne9619387d0f2471b8c497a70d43467c0
    147 schema:familyName Zuazo
    148 schema:givenName I.
    149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014726445143.02
    150 rdf:type schema:Person
    151 sg:person.016361171731.22 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37
    152 schema:familyName Massardier-Jourdan
    153 schema:givenName V.
    154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016361171731.22
    155 rdf:type schema:Person
    156 sg:person.016466762173.77 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464188.7
    157 schema:familyName Etienne
    158 schema:givenName A.
    159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016466762173.77
    160 rdf:type schema:Person
    161 sg:person.07700645513.29 schema:affiliation Nd7887a04a63947e5ac4d40c52be7fc31
    162 schema:familyName Hasenpouth
    163 schema:givenName D.
    164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07700645513.29
    165 rdf:type schema:Person
    166 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643228 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027014417
    167 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643228
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643485 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004971137
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643485
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649916 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053658355
    173 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02649916
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-013-1990-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051731177
    176 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-013-1990-6
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1361/105497106x92817 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053414198
    179 https://doi.org/10.1361/105497106x92817
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1361/105994900770345430 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049797215
    182 https://doi.org/10.1361/105994900770345430
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 https://doi.org/10.1002/srin.193801065 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043674351
    185 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    186 https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(58)90074-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050591963
    187 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    188 https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(89)90196-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019173111
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 https://doi.org/10.1016/0921-5093(91)90372-t schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040513662
    191 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    192 https://doi.org/10.1016/0966-9795(95)00003-h schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027367788
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2009.02.046 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021853782
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2008.01.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1013128281
    197 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    198 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2010.05.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008434091
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2011.08.002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037590909
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.calphad.2013.05.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006151897
    203 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    204 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intermet.2007.09.011 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029256191
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2010.06.032 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006244296
    207 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    208 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2004.09.055 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019466775
    209 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    210 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scriptamat.2012.07.037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051430787
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0036-9748(88)80071-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018342490
    213 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    214 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0925-8388(00)01481-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043537120
    215 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    216 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1359-6454(97)00201-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011448567
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 https://doi.org/10.1051/metal:2000110 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057044752
    219 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    220 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786435.2012.704419 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009972542
    221 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    222 https://doi.org/10.1179/026708309x12535382371852 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064101386
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans.44.1679 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015264776
    225 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    226 https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.30.680 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007337150
    227 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    228 https://doi.org/10.2355/isijinternational.44.1738 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020990310
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.15399.37 schema:alternateName Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Lyon
    231 schema:name MATEIS Laboratory, INSA Lyon, University of Lyon, Bâtiment St. Exupéry, 25 av. Jean Capelle, 69621, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    232 rdf:type schema:Organization
    233 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.1957.a schema:alternateName RWTH Aachen University
    234 schema:name Institute for Materials Applications in Mechanical Engineering, RWTH Aachen University, Augustinerbach 4, 52062, Aachen, Germany
    235 rdf:type schema:Organization
    236 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.464188.7 schema:alternateName Groupe de Physique des Matériaux
    237 schema:name Groupe de Physique des Matériaux, UMR CNRS 6634, Université et INSA de Rouen, Avenue de l’Université, BP 12, 76801, Saint-Étienne-du-Rouvray Cedex, France
    238 MATEIS Laboratory, INSA Lyon, University of Lyon, Bâtiment St. Exupéry, 25 av. Jean Capelle, 69621, Villeurbanne Cedex, France
    239 rdf:type schema:Organization
    240 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5037.1 schema:alternateName Royal Institute of Technology
    241 schema:name Department of Materials Science and Engineering, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 10044, Stockholm, Sweden
    242 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...