A Comprehensive Evaluation of the Melting Points of Fatty Acids and Esters Determined by Differential Scanning Calorimetry View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2009-09

AUTHORS

Gerhard Knothe, Robert O. Dunn

ABSTRACT

The melting point is one of the most important physical properties of a chemical compound and it plays a significant role in determining possible applications. For fatty acid esters the melting point is essential for a variety of food and non-food applications, the latter including biodiesel and its cold-flow properties. In this work, the melting points of fatty acids and esters (methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl) in the C8–C24 range were determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), many of which for the first time. Data for triacylglycerols as well as ricinoleic acid and its methyl and ethyl esters were also acquired. For some compounds whose melting points have been previously reported, data discrepancies exist and a comprehensive determination by DSC has not been available. Variations in the present data up to several °C compared to data in prior literature were observed. The melting points of some methyl-branched iso- and anteiso-acids and esters were also determined. Previously unreported systematic effects of compound structure on melting point are presented, including those for ω-9 monounsaturated fatty acids and esters as well as for methyl-branched iso and anteiso fatty acids and esters. The melting point of a pure fatty acid or ester as determined by DSC can vary up to approximately 1 °C. Other thermal data, including heat flow and melting onset temperatures are briefly discussed. More... »

PAGES

843-856

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2006-06. Isolation and melting properties of branched-chain esters from lanolin in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1972-02. Differential scanning calorimetry of single acid triglycerides: Effect of chain length and unsaturation in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 2008-10. Crystallization Behavior of Fatty Acid Methyl Esters in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
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  • 1975-06. Polymorphism in single-acid triglycerides of positional and geometric isomers of octadecenoic acid in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 2004-03. Biodiesel fuel from vegetable oil by various supercritical alcohols in APPLIED BIOCHEMISTRY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 2008-01. Melting Points and Viscosities of Fatty Acid Esters that are Potential Targets for Engineered Oilseed in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1969-01. Melting points of synthetic wax esters in LIPIDS
  • 1998-12. The influence of trace components on the melting point of methyl soyate in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1995-08. Low-temperature properties of triglyceride-based diesel fuels: Transesterified methyl esters and petroleum middle distillate/ester blends in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1999-01. Thermal analysis of alternative diesel fuels from vegetable oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1995-10. Use of branched-chain esters to reduce the crystallization temperature of biodiesel in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-01. The polymorphism of odd and even saturated single acid triglycerides, C8–C22 in LIPIDS
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