Bovine muscle n−3 fatty acid content is increased with flaxseed feeding View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-11

AUTHORS

S. L. Kronberg, G. Barceló-Coblijn, J. Shin, K. Lee, E. J. Murphy

ABSTRACT

We examined the ability of n-3 FA in flaxseed-supplemented rations to increase the n-3 FA content of bovine muscle. Two groups of animals were used in each of two separate trials: (i) Hereford steers supplemented (or not) with ground flaxseed (907 g/d) for 71 d, and (ii) Angus steers supplemented (or not) with ground flaxseed (454 g/d for 3 d followed by 907 g/d for 110 d). For the Hereford group, flaxseed-supplemented rations increased 18:3n-3 (4.0-fold), 20:5n-3 (1.4-fold), and 22:5n-3 (1.3-fold) mass as compared with the control, and increased total n-3 mass about 1.7-fold. When these data were expressed as mol%, the increase in 18:3n-3 was 3.3-fold and in 20:5n-3 was 1.3-fold in the phospholipid fraction, and 18:3n-3 was increased 4-fold in the neutral lipid fraction. For the Angus group, flaxseed ingestion increased masses and composition of n-3 FA similarly to that for the Herefords and doubled the total n-3 FA mass. The effect of cooking to a common degree of doneness on FA composition was determined using steaks from a third group of cattle, which were Angus steers. We demonstrated no adverse effects on FA composition by grilling steaks to an internal temperature of 64 degrees C. Because n-3 FA may affect gene expression, we used quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction to quantify the effect of feeding flaxseed on heart-FA binding protein, peroxisome proliferator activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) and alpha (PPARalpha) gene expression in the muscle tissue. PPARgamma mRNA level was increased 2.7-fold in the flaxseed-fed Angus steers compared with the control. Thus, we demonstrate a significant increase in n-3 FA levels in bovine muscle from cattle fed rations supplemented with flaxseed and increased expression of genes that regulate lipid metabolism. More... »

PAGES

1059-1068

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11745-006-5056-z

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11745-006-5056-z

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018946501

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17263305


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