Removal of cadmium and lead from soil using aescin as a biosurfactant View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-04

AUTHORS

Kyung-Jin Hong, Young-Kook Choi, Shuzo Tokunaga, Yutaka Ishigami, Toshio Kajiuchi

ABSTRACT

Remediation of a soil contaminated with cadmium or lead was performed by a soil washing process using aescin as a biosurfactant. The removal of cadmium and lead from the soil was evaluated as a function of aescin concentration and pH in a batch process. A 30-mM aescin solution was most effective in the removal of cadmium and lead at pH 6.8. Cadmium and lead migrated from the soil to the aescin-containing aqueous phase, depending on the pH value. We found that 41% of cadmium (pH 7.8) and 25% of lead (pH 2.8) in the soil matrix migrated into a 30-mM aescin solution. Also, the complexation of aescin with cadmium and lead ions was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and electrical conductivity measurements. As a result, the maximal complexation capacity of aescin with metal ions was approximately aescin/cadmium=2∶1 and aescin/lead=3∶1 on a molar basis. It was suggested that aescin may sequester cadmium and lead ions by the carboxylic and saccharide moieties. Then, the complex of aescin with cadmium or lead may migrate to the aqueous phase as the result of dispersion. More... »

PAGES

247-250

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11743-998-0027-1

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11743-998-0027-1

DIMENSIONS

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