Researching of commonalities and differences in cold forging of spur and helical gears View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-02-04

AUTHORS

C. Kiener, M. Merklein

ABSTRACT

Modern automobiles are equipped with a large number of gear transmissions. In the powertrain, for example, they are used as multi-stage manual transmissions and in the interior for mirror and seat adjustment. Machining manufacturing processes—like gear hobbing and shaping—represent the state of the art in gear manufacturing due to high manufacturing accuracy and flexible machining possibilities. With regard to economic, ecological and technical aspects, cold forging offers a promising production technology. In conventional transverse and forward extrusion processes, the ejection process is a challenge due to high forces and a negative influence on the gearing accuracy. One variant of forward extrusion is the so-called “Samanta” process, whereby an additional ejection step is avoidable by sequential forming of the gears. For the establishment of this process in industry, the increase of the achievable gearing accuracy and the achievable tool life is of major relevance. Thus, a deeper process understanding as well as knowledge about the influences on the process results is beneficial. In this context, the aim of this research work is to produce spur and helical gears by the “Samanta”-process. In addition to the resulting component properties, the characteristics of the process are determined. On this basis, commonalities and differences in cold forging of spur and helical gears are investigated to gain a principle process understanding. These findings are also used to derive possible approaches for improving component and process properties in future research work. The results reveal that cold forging of spur and helical gears by the “Samanta”-process results in characteristic properties and specific challenges within the gear types. Furthermore, a geometric adaptation in the gearing area of the used die promises enormous potential for a positive influence on the process results for both types of gearing. More... »

PAGES

1-7

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Production Engineering

ISSUE

N/A

VOLUME

N/A

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111909700


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0910", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Manufacturing Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering, Friedrich-Alexander-Universit\u00e4t Erlangen-N\u00fcrnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kiener", 
        "givenName": "C.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Erlangen-Nuremberg", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5", 
          "name": [
            "Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering, Friedrich-Alexander-Universit\u00e4t Erlangen-N\u00fcrnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Merklein", 
        "givenName": "M.", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)61816-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009382284"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2008.09.001", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012337361"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5096(75)90018-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020270792"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5096(75)90018-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020270792"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-013-1155-6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025263503", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-013-1155-6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-013-0134-7", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032004113", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-013-0134-7"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(02)00800-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033688226"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(02)00800-2", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033688226"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.10.1032", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092707937"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-56535-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104286926", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-56535-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2019-02-04", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2019-02-04", 
    "description": "Modern automobiles are equipped with a large number of gear transmissions. In the powertrain, for example, they are used as multi-stage manual transmissions and in the interior for mirror and seat adjustment. Machining manufacturing processes\u2014like gear hobbing and shaping\u2014represent the state of the art in gear manufacturing due to high manufacturing accuracy and flexible machining possibilities. With regard to economic, ecological and technical aspects, cold forging offers a promising production technology. In conventional transverse and forward extrusion processes, the ejection process is a challenge due to high forces and a negative influence on the gearing accuracy. One variant of forward extrusion is the so-called \u201cSamanta\u201d process, whereby an additional ejection step is avoidable by sequential forming of the gears. For the establishment of this process in industry, the increase of the achievable gearing accuracy and the achievable tool life is of major relevance. Thus, a deeper process understanding as well as knowledge about the influences on the process results is beneficial. In this context, the aim of this research work is to produce spur and helical gears by the \u201cSamanta\u201d-process. In addition to the resulting component properties, the characteristics of the process are determined. On this basis, commonalities and differences in cold forging of spur and helical gears are investigated to gain a principle process understanding. These findings are also used to derive possible approaches for improving component and process properties in future research work. The results reveal that cold forging of spur and helical gears by the \u201cSamanta\u201d-process results in characteristic properties and specific challenges within the gear types. Furthermore, a geometric adaptation in the gearing area of the used die promises enormous potential for a positive influence on the process results for both types of gearing.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136430", 
        "issn": [
          "0944-6524", 
          "1863-7353"
        ], 
        "name": "Production Engineering", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Researching of commonalities and differences in cold forging of spur and helical gears", 
    "pagination": "1-7", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "42f6c6befd622d5d000e9c3ecda50243f3c8dc54ba0a719176b1e02af2ebccce"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1111909700"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111909700"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:01", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000329_0000000329/records_74706_00000000.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11740-019-00887-2"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

87 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      32 URIs      16 LITERALS      5 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0910
3 schema:author N82946b653d1a4513ba77d6493ae1c95c
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-56535-3
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-013-1155-6
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-013-0134-7
7 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5096(75)90018-6
8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2008.09.001
9 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.10.1032
10 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)61816-2
11 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(02)00800-2
12 schema:datePublished 2019-02-04
13 schema:datePublishedReg 2019-02-04
14 schema:description Modern automobiles are equipped with a large number of gear transmissions. In the powertrain, for example, they are used as multi-stage manual transmissions and in the interior for mirror and seat adjustment. Machining manufacturing processes—like gear hobbing and shaping—represent the state of the art in gear manufacturing due to high manufacturing accuracy and flexible machining possibilities. With regard to economic, ecological and technical aspects, cold forging offers a promising production technology. In conventional transverse and forward extrusion processes, the ejection process is a challenge due to high forces and a negative influence on the gearing accuracy. One variant of forward extrusion is the so-called “Samanta” process, whereby an additional ejection step is avoidable by sequential forming of the gears. For the establishment of this process in industry, the increase of the achievable gearing accuracy and the achievable tool life is of major relevance. Thus, a deeper process understanding as well as knowledge about the influences on the process results is beneficial. In this context, the aim of this research work is to produce spur and helical gears by the “Samanta”-process. In addition to the resulting component properties, the characteristics of the process are determined. On this basis, commonalities and differences in cold forging of spur and helical gears are investigated to gain a principle process understanding. These findings are also used to derive possible approaches for improving component and process properties in future research work. The results reveal that cold forging of spur and helical gears by the “Samanta”-process results in characteristic properties and specific challenges within the gear types. Furthermore, a geometric adaptation in the gearing area of the used die promises enormous potential for a positive influence on the process results for both types of gearing.
15 schema:genre research_article
16 schema:inLanguage en
17 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
18 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1136430
19 schema:name Researching of commonalities and differences in cold forging of spur and helical gears
20 schema:pagination 1-7
21 schema:productId N1726b6b89c924f0e8d9ffd33ab04a3d1
22 N8341c4a823d54f8786647fa4635395a5
23 Nc2316d76e0b84fcf89c08abcf7e055f1
24 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111909700
25 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2
26 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:01
27 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
28 schema:sdPublisher N8e25b4402b0a4c6ea627f6b72798fee8
29 schema:url https://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11740-019-00887-2
30 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
31 sgo:sdDataset articles
32 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
33 N0e2526fd874a4d8890de869023777702 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
34 schema:familyName Kiener
35 schema:givenName C.
36 rdf:type schema:Person
37 N1726b6b89c924f0e8d9ffd33ab04a3d1 schema:name doi
38 schema:value 10.1007/s11740-019-00887-2
39 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
40 N581224feaf8a4db180a35eb3b54ae527 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5
41 schema:familyName Merklein
42 schema:givenName M.
43 rdf:type schema:Person
44 N82946b653d1a4513ba77d6493ae1c95c rdf:first N0e2526fd874a4d8890de869023777702
45 rdf:rest Nd6efcf15fc9446d59a8a073403722680
46 N8341c4a823d54f8786647fa4635395a5 schema:name dimensions_id
47 schema:value pub.1111909700
48 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
49 N8e25b4402b0a4c6ea627f6b72798fee8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
50 rdf:type schema:Organization
51 Nc2316d76e0b84fcf89c08abcf7e055f1 schema:name readcube_id
52 schema:value 42f6c6befd622d5d000e9c3ecda50243f3c8dc54ba0a719176b1e02af2ebccce
53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
54 Nd6efcf15fc9446d59a8a073403722680 rdf:first N581224feaf8a4db180a35eb3b54ae527
55 rdf:rest rdf:nil
56 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
57 schema:name Engineering
58 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
59 anzsrc-for:0910 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
60 schema:name Manufacturing Engineering
61 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
62 sg:journal.1136430 schema:issn 0944-6524
63 1863-7353
64 schema:name Production Engineering
65 rdf:type schema:Periodical
66 sg:pub.10.1007/978-3-662-56535-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1104286926
67 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-56535-3
68 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
69 sg:pub.10.1007/s12289-013-1155-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025263503
70 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12289-013-1155-6
71 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
72 sg:pub.10.1007/s12541-013-0134-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032004113
73 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12541-013-0134-7
74 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
75 https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-5096(75)90018-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020270792
76 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
77 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cirp.2008.09.001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012337361
78 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
79 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.10.1032 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092707937
80 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
81 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0007-8506(07)61816-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009382284
82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
83 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0924-0136(02)00800-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1033688226
84 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
85 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.5330.5 schema:alternateName University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
86 schema:name Institute of Manufacturing Technology, Department Mechanical Engineering, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU), Erlangen, Germany
87 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...