Interspecific hybridization between Bursaphelenchus xylophilus and Bursaphelenchus mucronatus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2019-04

AUTHORS

Kan-Cheng Liu, Ailing Ben, Zhengmin Han, Ye Guo, Dongxia Cao

ABSTRACT

Bursaphelenchus xylophilus is the pathogen that causes pine wilt disease, which has greatly damaged forests and ecosystems in countries of East Asia and Europe. Bursaphelenchus mucronatus is closely related to B. xylophilus in morphology and host plant specificity. A long-running debate has existed regarding whether these two species can successfully produce hybrid offspring. In the present study, we performed in the laboratory, hybridization of two B. xylophilus nematode isolates from China and Japan and three B. mucronatus isolates from China, Japan and France. Nematode isolates of B. xylophilus were successfully crossed with B. mucronatus isolates, and the rate of hybridization was relatively high; however, some hybrid offspring died. Successful hybridization occurred between B. xylophilus and B. mucronatus isolates from China, and 22 generations of hybrids were produced. All F1 hybrids could be backcrossed with their parents and produce offspring. Variation in mucro length among the hybrid offspring and their parents was observed. The hybrid offspring and their parents were inoculated into 3-months-old black pine (Pinus tunbergii) seedlings. Weaker pathogenicity of hybrid offspring was observed compared with that of their parents, and significantly fewer offspring nematodes than parents were reisolated from pines. Therefore, the offspring of B. xylophilus and B. mucronatus may exist in the forest and could influence disease epidemics. More... »

PAGES

699-707

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11676-018-0658-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11676-018-0658-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1103787261


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