Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2009-12

AUTHORS

Paul R. Ehrlich

ABSTRACT

A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I’m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a significant environmental connection (what I call “ecoethics”), must be dealt with without waiting for the more interesting theoretical issues to be resolved. I define ecoethics very broadly to deal with dilemmas over a vast range of scales, and believe they now should penetrate virtually all areas of human activities. Ecoethics must struggle with issues of intra-generational (and interperson/group/nation) equity and the dilemmas of discounting by distance (valuing distant persons/events/costs/benefits less than those closer to the observer in physical or mental distance). Ecoethics also deals with the difficult dilemma of inter-generational equity—of discounting the future. That is especially troublesome when actions today can have significant environmental consequences 50 or more generations from now. Here I would like to highlight the ubiquity of those questions and the importance of seeking answers. More... »

PAGES

417

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1994-07. Optimum human population size in POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT
  • 2009-08-06. Advances in development reverse fertility declines in NATURE
  • 2007-07. Storks, Cabbage Patches, and the Right to Procreate in JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY
  • 2008-03. Environmental Change, Injustice and Sustainability in JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY
  • 2009-03. Anthropological and Sociological Critiques of Bioethics in JOURNAL OF BIOETHICAL INQUIRY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043172339


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/2203", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Philosophy", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/22", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Philosophy and Religious Studies", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Stanford University", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.168010.e", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Biology, Stanford University, 371 Serra Mall, 94305-5020, Stanford, CA, USA", 
                "Center for Conservation Biology, Stanford, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ehrlich", 
            "givenName": "Paul R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012244016153.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012244016153.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.09.018", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001390990"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1994.0057", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001623371"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1641/b581002", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004391876"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-008-9130-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006040287", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-008-9130-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/714000651", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010217649"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2174/1874282300802010217", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010736791"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2174/1874282300802010217", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010736791"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00779.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015003966"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0812721106", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016312707"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2000.00427.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017370688"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750x(74)90022-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017485661"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750x(74)90022-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017485661"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/s0262-4079(08)63073-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018750103"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920701681961", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019153158"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/00201747308601682", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023391663"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08230", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023521607", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08230"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/nature08230", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023521607", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08230"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0804960105", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025033919"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02211719", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026749806", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02211719"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02211719", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026749806", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02211719"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-007-9047-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027472062", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-007-9047-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00281.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027801326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00281.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027801326"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0484:nnfpe]2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027940371"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682x.1996.tb00209.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029391092"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3528538", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031052009"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3528539", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034927038"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2907.2002.00100.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037127369"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1037/h0054346", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037649111"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.007", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039022994"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/daed.2007.136.2.5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040589205"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2005.00231.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041350152"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2005.00231.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041350152"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.02.014", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041907704"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0776.1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043010880"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[1207:baopr]2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047586818"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-008-9078-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049142018", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-008-9078-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.21.1.125", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053400192"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1355770x07004019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053860325"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s1355770x07004019", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053860325"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1069349", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062445900"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1113028", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062452242"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1137747", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062455152"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1162574", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062458580"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1126/science.6658451", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062639353"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1162/00335530151144050", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063348839"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1257/0895330042162377", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064524966"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.1.2.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064529754"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.xxxix.1.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071225390"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074777528", 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/s0730938400006250", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077272573"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511807763", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098695330"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.001.0001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098757749"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/0199247889.001.0001", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098757788"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.2307/3559004", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102718284"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2009-12", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2009-12-01", 
        "description": "A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I\u2019m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a significant environmental connection (what I call \u201cecoethics\u201d), must be dealt with without waiting for the more interesting theoretical issues to be resolved. I define ecoethics very broadly to deal with dilemmas over a vast range of scales, and believe they now should penetrate virtually all areas of human activities. Ecoethics must struggle with issues of intra-generational (and interperson/group/nation) equity and the dilemmas of discounting by distance (valuing distant persons/events/costs/benefits less than those closer to the observer in physical or mental distance). Ecoethics also deals with the difficult dilemma of inter-generational equity\u2014of discounting the future. That is especially troublesome when actions today can have significant environmental consequences 50 or more generations from now. Here I would like to highlight the ubiquity of those questions and the importance of seeking answers.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1030769", 
            "issn": [
              "1176-7529", 
              "1872-4353"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Bioethical Inquiry", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "4", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "6"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics", 
        "pagination": "417", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "cda4dd9544939253587087d00f4b451f1c606f7db93753d93aa97a2a9bb4d425"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1043172339"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043172339"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:40", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000346_0000000346/records_99839_00000003.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11673-009-9197-7"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    210 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      75 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7 schema:about anzsrc-for:22
    2 anzsrc-for:2203
    3 schema:author N78b098612e9a4433822b86811096a18e
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02211719
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-007-9047-4
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-008-9078-5
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-008-9130-5
    8 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08230
    9 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074777528
    10 https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750x(74)90022-9
    11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.02.014
    12 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.09.018
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.007
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0262-4079(08)63073-0
    15 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511807763
    16 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0730938400006250
    17 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1355770x07004019
    18 https://doi.org/10.1037/h0054346
    19 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2907.2002.00100.x
    20 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0804960105
    21 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0812721106
    22 https://doi.org/10.1080/00201747308601682
    23 https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920701681961
    24 https://doi.org/10.1080/714000651
    25 https://doi.org/10.1093/0199247889.001.0001
    26 https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.001.0001
    27 https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1994.0057
    28 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2005.00231.x
    29 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682x.1996.tb00209.x
    30 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00281.x
    31 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00779.x
    32 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2000.00427.x
    33 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1069349
    34 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1113028
    35 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1137747
    36 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1162574
    37 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.6658451
    38 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.21.1.125
    39 https://doi.org/10.1162/00335530151144050
    40 https://doi.org/10.1162/daed.2007.136.2.5
    41 https://doi.org/10.1257/0895330042162377
    42 https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.1.2.95
    43 https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[1207:baopr]2.0.co;2
    44 https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0484:nnfpe]2.0.co;2
    45 https://doi.org/10.1641/b581002
    46 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0776.1
    47 https://doi.org/10.2174/1874282300802010217
    48 https://doi.org/10.2307/3528538
    49 https://doi.org/10.2307/3528539
    50 https://doi.org/10.2307/3559004
    51 https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.xxxix.1.29
    52 schema:datePublished 2009-12
    53 schema:datePublishedReg 2009-12-01
    54 schema:description A few years ago, I wrote on the need for expansion of the environmental areas of bioethics, and covered some of the topics touched on here. Sadly, although it is possible to find some notable exceptions, bioethics does not provide much of an ethical base for considering human-nature relationships. Here I’m not going to deal with these philosophical issues or others about the nature of ethical decision-making. The rapid worsening of the human predicament means that applied ethical issues with a significant environmental connection (what I call “ecoethics”), must be dealt with without waiting for the more interesting theoretical issues to be resolved. I define ecoethics very broadly to deal with dilemmas over a vast range of scales, and believe they now should penetrate virtually all areas of human activities. Ecoethics must struggle with issues of intra-generational (and interperson/group/nation) equity and the dilemmas of discounting by distance (valuing distant persons/events/costs/benefits less than those closer to the observer in physical or mental distance). Ecoethics also deals with the difficult dilemma of inter-generational equity—of discounting the future. That is especially troublesome when actions today can have significant environmental consequences 50 or more generations from now. Here I would like to highlight the ubiquity of those questions and the importance of seeking answers.
    55 schema:genre research_article
    56 schema:inLanguage en
    57 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    58 schema:isPartOf Ncf69535af0cb409d9de3cd85c18ab116
    59 Nfeadcc627aea4c6cacf311d70762bfe2
    60 sg:journal.1030769
    61 schema:name Ecoethics: Now Central to All Ethics
    62 schema:pagination 417
    63 schema:productId N6e2e18f384254b2ab0ce17aaaac4eba4
    64 N9223885ffd664d4e8c2f46b0574e78ea
    65 Nb2c01983724746d796b676c07e32dd12
    66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043172339
    67 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7
    68 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:40
    69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    70 schema:sdPublisher N432492e7f80b40868c2b91b0b8e16aeb
    71 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2Fs11673-009-9197-7
    72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    73 sgo:sdDataset articles
    74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    75 N432492e7f80b40868c2b91b0b8e16aeb schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    76 rdf:type schema:Organization
    77 N6e2e18f384254b2ab0ce17aaaac4eba4 schema:name readcube_id
    78 schema:value cda4dd9544939253587087d00f4b451f1c606f7db93753d93aa97a2a9bb4d425
    79 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    80 N78b098612e9a4433822b86811096a18e rdf:first sg:person.012244016153.43
    81 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    82 N9223885ffd664d4e8c2f46b0574e78ea schema:name dimensions_id
    83 schema:value pub.1043172339
    84 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    85 Nb2c01983724746d796b676c07e32dd12 schema:name doi
    86 schema:value 10.1007/s11673-009-9197-7
    87 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    88 Ncf69535af0cb409d9de3cd85c18ab116 schema:volumeNumber 6
    89 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    90 Nfeadcc627aea4c6cacf311d70762bfe2 schema:issueNumber 4
    91 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    92 anzsrc-for:22 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    93 schema:name Philosophy and Religious Studies
    94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    95 anzsrc-for:2203 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    96 schema:name Philosophy
    97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    98 sg:journal.1030769 schema:issn 1176-7529
    99 1872-4353
    100 schema:name Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
    101 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    102 sg:person.012244016153.43 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.168010.e
    103 schema:familyName Ehrlich
    104 schema:givenName Paul R.
    105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012244016153.43
    106 rdf:type schema:Person
    107 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02211719 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1026749806
    108 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02211719
    109 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    110 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-007-9047-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027472062
    111 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-007-9047-4
    112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    113 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-008-9078-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049142018
    114 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-008-9078-5
    115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    116 sg:pub.10.1007/s11673-008-9130-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006040287
    117 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11673-008-9130-5
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 sg:pub.10.1038/nature08230 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023521607
    120 https://doi.org/10.1038/nature08230
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1074777528 schema:CreativeWork
    123 https://doi.org/10.1016/0305-750x(74)90022-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017485661
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.02.014 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041907704
    126 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    127 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2007.09.018 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001390990
    128 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    129 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2008.10.007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039022994
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 https://doi.org/10.1016/s0262-4079(08)63073-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018750103
    132 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    133 https://doi.org/10.1017/cbo9780511807763 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098695330
    134 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    135 https://doi.org/10.1017/s0730938400006250 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1077272573
    136 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    137 https://doi.org/10.1017/s1355770x07004019 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053860325
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 https://doi.org/10.1037/h0054346 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037649111
    140 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    141 https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-2907.2002.00100.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037127369
    142 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    143 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0804960105 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025033919
    144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    145 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0812721106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016312707
    146 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    147 https://doi.org/10.1080/00201747308601682 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023391663
    148 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    149 https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920701681961 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019153158
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 https://doi.org/10.1080/714000651 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010217649
    152 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    153 https://doi.org/10.1093/0199247889.001.0001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098757788
    154 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    155 https://doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780192853455.001.0001 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1098757749
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.1994.0057 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001623371
    158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    159 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9760.2005.00231.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1041350152
    160 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    161 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-682x.1996.tb00209.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029391092
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00281.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027801326
    164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    165 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2007.00779.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015003966
    166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    167 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1728-4457.2000.00427.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017370688
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1069349 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062445900
    170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    171 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1113028 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062452242
    172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    173 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1137747 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062455152
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1162574 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062458580
    176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    177 https://doi.org/10.1126/science.6658451 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1062639353
    178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    179 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.energy.21.1.125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053400192
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 https://doi.org/10.1162/00335530151144050 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1063348839
    182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    183 https://doi.org/10.1162/daed.2007.136.2.5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040589205
    184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    185 https://doi.org/10.1257/0895330042162377 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064524966
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 https://doi.org/10.1257/jep.1.2.95 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1064529754
    188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    189 https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2003)053[1207:baopr]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047586818
    190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    191 https://doi.org/10.1641/0006-3568(2004)054[0484:nnfpe]2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027940371
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 https://doi.org/10.1641/b581002 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004391876
    194 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    195 https://doi.org/10.1890/07-0776.1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043010880
    196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    197 https://doi.org/10.2174/1874282300802010217 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010736791
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 https://doi.org/10.2307/3528538 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031052009
    200 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    201 https://doi.org/10.2307/3528539 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034927038
    202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    203 https://doi.org/10.2307/3559004 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1102718284
    204 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    205 https://doi.org/10.3368/jhr.xxxix.1.29 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1071225390
    206 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    207 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.168010.e schema:alternateName Stanford University
    208 schema:name Center for Conservation Biology, Stanford, USA
    209 Department of Biology, Stanford University, 371 Serra Mall, 94305-5020, Stanford, CA, USA
    210 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...