Study of White Patch Defect in Automotive Grade Interstitial Free Steel View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2020-09-26

AUTHORS

Sachin Pawar, Subho Chakraborty, Hrishikesh Jugade, Goutam Mukhopadhyay

ABSTRACT

Surface of cold-rolled steel intended for automotive body panel applications is expected to be defect free. The presence of surface defects hampers the aesthetics and average surface roughness and thereby deteriorates the paintability of the steel sheet. This study aims to investigate the source of white patch defect in cold-rolled and skin-passed interstitial free steel sheets. Macroscopic observations of as-received white patch sample revealed the presence of blackish deposit having cracks inside the deposits, suggesting that these deposits were heated up possibly during annealing process. Further during macroscopic observation, it was revealed that the black deposits were of near round shape. If deposit is present before rolling, then it is expected that it will elongate during rolling and will not retain round shape. Round shape of the deposits under investigation suggested that it is not before rolling. Electrolytic cleaning line (ECL) is the only in-between process. Surface characterization techniques such as SEM–EDS, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to analyze the defect and good region of the steel sheet. Overall analysis indicated grease contamination on cold-rolled steel sheet at the entry of ECL caused generation of white patch defect. Regular cleaning and preventive maintenance of plant machinery were recommended to avoid such leakages to arrest the defect generation in the future. More... »

PAGES

1819-1824

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131198578


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
          "name": [
            "Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pawar", 
        "givenName": "Sachin", 
        "id": "sg:person.010656620212.36", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010656620212.36"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Research and Development, Tata Steel, 831001,, Jamshedpur, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
          "name": [
            "Research and Development, Tata Steel, 831001,, Jamshedpur, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Chakraborty", 
        "givenName": "Subho", 
        "id": "sg:person.015535330051.15", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015535330051.15"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
          "name": [
            "Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Jugade", 
        "givenName": "Hrishikesh", 
        "id": "sg:person.014756156156.88", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014756156156.88"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
          "name": [
            "Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mukhopadhyay", 
        "givenName": "Goutam", 
        "id": "sg:person.012627373741.97", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012627373741.97"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep11216", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035275422", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11216"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2020-09-26", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2020-09-26", 
    "description": "Surface of cold-rolled steel intended for automotive body panel applications is expected to be defect free. The presence of surface defects hampers the aesthetics and average surface roughness and thereby deteriorates the paintability of the steel sheet. This study aims to investigate the source of white patch defect in cold-rolled and skin-passed interstitial free steel sheets. Macroscopic observations of as-received white patch sample revealed the presence of blackish deposit having cracks inside the deposits, suggesting that these deposits were heated up possibly during annealing process. Further during macroscopic observation, it was revealed that the black deposits were of near round shape. If deposit is present before rolling, then it is expected that it will elongate during rolling and will not retain round shape. Round shape of the deposits under investigation suggested that it is not before rolling. Electrolytic cleaning line (ECL) is the only in-between process. Surface characterization techniques such as SEM\u2013EDS, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to analyze the defect and good region of the steel sheet. Overall analysis indicated grease contamination on cold-rolled steel sheet at the entry of ECL caused generation of white patch defect. Regular cleaning and preventive maintenance of plant machinery were recommended to avoid such leakages to arrest the defect generation in the future.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136274", 
        "issn": [
          "1529-8159", 
          "1547-7029"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "6", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "20"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "steel sheets", 
      "automotive body panel applications", 
      "interstitial free steel sheets", 
      "automotive-grade interstitial-free steels", 
      "cold-rolled steel", 
      "interstitial free steel", 
      "average surface roughness", 
      "surface characterization techniques", 
      "free steel", 
      "panel applications", 
      "annealing process", 
      "grease contamination", 
      "surface roughness", 
      "defect generation", 
      "presence of surface", 
      "plant machinery", 
      "characterization techniques", 
      "patch defects", 
      "preventive maintenance", 
      "steel", 
      "SEM-EDS", 
      "round shape", 
      "Fourier transform", 
      "Raman spectroscopy", 
      "sheets", 
      "macroscopic observations", 
      "regular cleaning", 
      "surface", 
      "paintability", 
      "cracks", 
      "roughness", 
      "shape", 
      "black deposits", 
      "such leakage", 
      "spectroscopy", 
      "cleaning", 
      "generation", 
      "transform", 
      "defects", 
      "process", 
      "leakage", 
      "applications", 
      "best region", 
      "deposits", 
      "technique", 
      "investigation", 
      "In", 
      "contamination", 
      "observations", 
      "source", 
      "overall analysis", 
      "presence", 
      "analysis", 
      "samples", 
      "study", 
      "region", 
      "machinery", 
      "maintenance", 
      "lines", 
      "future", 
      "hampers", 
      "patch samples", 
      "aesthetics", 
      "entry"
    ], 
    "name": "Study of White Patch Defect in Automotive Grade Interstitial Free Steel", 
    "pagination": "1819-1824", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1131198578"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131198578"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:37", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_859.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

149 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      90 URIs      81 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N5e3e0dc9d1024f8fb0a286f2b3e8955c
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1038/srep11216
5 schema:datePublished 2020-09-26
6 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-09-26
7 schema:description Surface of cold-rolled steel intended for automotive body panel applications is expected to be defect free. The presence of surface defects hampers the aesthetics and average surface roughness and thereby deteriorates the paintability of the steel sheet. This study aims to investigate the source of white patch defect in cold-rolled and skin-passed interstitial free steel sheets. Macroscopic observations of as-received white patch sample revealed the presence of blackish deposit having cracks inside the deposits, suggesting that these deposits were heated up possibly during annealing process. Further during macroscopic observation, it was revealed that the black deposits were of near round shape. If deposit is present before rolling, then it is expected that it will elongate during rolling and will not retain round shape. Round shape of the deposits under investigation suggested that it is not before rolling. Electrolytic cleaning line (ECL) is the only in-between process. Surface characterization techniques such as SEM–EDS, Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy were used to analyze the defect and good region of the steel sheet. Overall analysis indicated grease contamination on cold-rolled steel sheet at the entry of ECL caused generation of white patch defect. Regular cleaning and preventive maintenance of plant machinery were recommended to avoid such leakages to arrest the defect generation in the future.
8 schema:genre article
9 schema:inLanguage en
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf N5c55d4202fee4af19846ec712ab9dd43
12 Na683b44fa11a48c2810b1266bda6c198
13 sg:journal.1136274
14 schema:keywords Fourier transform
15 In
16 Raman spectroscopy
17 SEM-EDS
18 aesthetics
19 analysis
20 annealing process
21 applications
22 automotive body panel applications
23 automotive-grade interstitial-free steels
24 average surface roughness
25 best region
26 black deposits
27 characterization techniques
28 cleaning
29 cold-rolled steel
30 contamination
31 cracks
32 defect generation
33 defects
34 deposits
35 entry
36 free steel
37 future
38 generation
39 grease contamination
40 hampers
41 interstitial free steel
42 interstitial free steel sheets
43 investigation
44 leakage
45 lines
46 machinery
47 macroscopic observations
48 maintenance
49 observations
50 overall analysis
51 paintability
52 panel applications
53 patch defects
54 patch samples
55 plant machinery
56 presence
57 presence of surface
58 preventive maintenance
59 process
60 region
61 regular cleaning
62 roughness
63 round shape
64 samples
65 shape
66 sheets
67 source
68 spectroscopy
69 steel
70 steel sheets
71 study
72 such leakage
73 surface
74 surface characterization techniques
75 surface roughness
76 technique
77 transform
78 schema:name Study of White Patch Defect in Automotive Grade Interstitial Free Steel
79 schema:pagination 1819-1824
80 schema:productId N6e2d92a8c2ec4173ab4292f0c15c4c8b
81 Nfa7aa1d4a1c0472b9de0a12f63369dfb
82 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1131198578
83 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3
84 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:37
85 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
86 schema:sdPublisher N2b91eb637e354d4f89128b5e107d506e
87 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3
88 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
89 sgo:sdDataset articles
90 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
91 N172cd0100a294efbb05b59db19fe7323 rdf:first sg:person.014756156156.88
92 rdf:rest N88ce3d80e4d642d2a772ff8594256c4e
93 N2b91eb637e354d4f89128b5e107d506e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
94 rdf:type schema:Organization
95 N5c55d4202fee4af19846ec712ab9dd43 schema:issueNumber 6
96 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
97 N5e3e0dc9d1024f8fb0a286f2b3e8955c rdf:first sg:person.010656620212.36
98 rdf:rest N5e91bdee8431408dae39deface7a5a82
99 N5e91bdee8431408dae39deface7a5a82 rdf:first sg:person.015535330051.15
100 rdf:rest N172cd0100a294efbb05b59db19fe7323
101 N6e2d92a8c2ec4173ab4292f0c15c4c8b schema:name doi
102 schema:value 10.1007/s11668-020-01016-3
103 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
104 N88ce3d80e4d642d2a772ff8594256c4e rdf:first sg:person.012627373741.97
105 rdf:rest rdf:nil
106 Na683b44fa11a48c2810b1266bda6c198 schema:volumeNumber 20
107 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
108 Nfa7aa1d4a1c0472b9de0a12f63369dfb schema:name dimensions_id
109 schema:value pub.1131198578
110 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
111 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
112 schema:name Engineering
113 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
114 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
115 schema:name Materials Engineering
116 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
117 sg:journal.1136274 schema:issn 1529-8159
118 1547-7029
119 schema:name Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention
120 schema:publisher Springer Nature
121 rdf:type schema:Periodical
122 sg:person.010656620212.36 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
123 schema:familyName Pawar
124 schema:givenName Sachin
125 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010656620212.36
126 rdf:type schema:Person
127 sg:person.012627373741.97 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
128 schema:familyName Mukhopadhyay
129 schema:givenName Goutam
130 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012627373741.97
131 rdf:type schema:Person
132 sg:person.014756156156.88 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
133 schema:familyName Jugade
134 schema:givenName Hrishikesh
135 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014756156156.88
136 rdf:type schema:Person
137 sg:person.015535330051.15 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
138 schema:familyName Chakraborty
139 schema:givenName Subho
140 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015535330051.15
141 rdf:type schema:Person
142 sg:pub.10.1038/srep11216 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035275422
143 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep11216
144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
145 grid-institutes:grid.460003.1 schema:alternateName Research and Development, Tata Steel, 831001,, Jamshedpur, India
146 Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India
147 schema:name Research and Development, Tata Steel, 831001,, Jamshedpur, India
148 Scientific Services, Tata Steel, 831001, Jamshedpur, India
149 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...