Failure Investigation of a Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine: Chronology and Mechanism View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2020-08-05

AUTHORS

Kaushal Kishore, Susovan Das, Himangshu Mandal, Omji Anand, Goutam Mukhopadhyay, Manashi Adhikary, Anup Kumar

ABSTRACT

Top gas recovery turbine (TRT) is used to utilize high top pressure for power generation in modern blast furnaces. A failure occurred in the TRT system that led to interruption in operation and reduced power generation. A large increase in vibration of turbine discharge-side bearing was reported prior to the failure. Failure investigation consisted of collection and analysis of plant data, on-site and visual observations, chemical analysis, microstructural analysis using optical and scanning electron microscope coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy and hardness measurements. Both the failed components, that is the connecting piece and the rotor blade, were composed of AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel. In the failed connecting piece, fatigue fracture characterized by ratchet and beach marks were identified to occur from a step, a potential stress concentration site. Analytical scanning electron microscopy revealed that the fatigue cracks originated from the corrosion pits having iron oxide scale rich in sulfur and chlorine. Pitting occurred due to breakage of passive chromium oxide film due to acidic water in the system containing high concentration of chlorine. Crack propagation occurred predominantly along the chromium carbide/tempered martensitic interface. Stator blades failed subsequently in brittle mode. Lower hardness of the connecting pieces compared to the stator blade would have promoted fatigue failure in the former component. Based on the analysis, primary mode of failure is termed as “corrosion fatigue.” Practical recommendations are provided to improve the reliability of the system. More... »

PAGES

1376-1387

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2015-09-08. Failure Analysis of a Low-Pressure Turbine Blade in a Coal-Based Thermal Power Plant in JOURNAL OF FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
  • 2019-06-10. Failure Analysis of Liner Plates of Wet Coke Quenching Car in JOURNAL OF FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
  • 2019-01-07. Novel Degradation Mechanism of a Structural Wire Rope During Its Life Cycle in METALLOGRAPHY, MICROSTRUCTURE, AND ANALYSIS
  • 2019-09-23. Metallurgical Investigation and Life Cycle Assessment of a Piston Rod of Thin Slab Caster in JOURNAL OF FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129899345


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kishore", 
            "givenName": "Kaushal", 
            "id": "sg:person.014607070430.40", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014607070430.40"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Shared Services Technology Group, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "Shared Services Technology Group, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Das", 
            "givenName": "Susovan", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Shared Services Technology Group, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "Shared Services Technology Group, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Mandal", 
            "givenName": "Himangshu", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Mechanical Maintenance, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "Mechanical Maintenance, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Anand", 
            "givenName": "Omji", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Mukhopadhyay", 
            "givenName": "Goutam", 
            "id": "sg:person.012627373741.97", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012627373741.97"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Adhikary", 
            "givenName": "Manashi", 
            "id": "sg:person.014731146547.17", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014731146547.17"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.460003.1", 
              "name": [
                "R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Kumar", 
            "givenName": "Anup", 
            "id": "sg:person.010300147365.31", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010300147365.31"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-015-0013-x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048220979", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-015-0013-x"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-019-00738-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1121196357", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-019-00738-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-019-00657-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1117014240", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-019-00657-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13632-018-0511-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111248670", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13632-018-0511-9"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2020-08-05", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2020-08-05", 
        "description": "Top gas recovery turbine (TRT) is used to utilize high top pressure for power generation in modern blast furnaces. A failure occurred in the TRT system that led to interruption in operation and reduced power generation. A large increase in vibration of turbine discharge-side bearing was reported prior to the failure. Failure investigation consisted of collection and analysis of plant data, on-site and visual observations, chemical analysis, microstructural analysis using optical and scanning electron microscope coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy and hardness measurements. Both the failed components, that is the connecting piece and the rotor blade, were composed of AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel. In the failed connecting piece, fatigue fracture characterized by ratchet and beach marks were identified to occur from a step, a potential stress concentration site. Analytical scanning electron microscopy revealed that the fatigue cracks originated from the corrosion pits having iron oxide scale rich in sulfur and chlorine. Pitting occurred due to breakage of passive chromium oxide film due to acidic water in the system containing high concentration of chlorine. Crack propagation occurred predominantly along the chromium carbide/tempered martensitic interface. Stator blades failed subsequently in brittle mode. Lower hardness of the connecting pieces compared to the stator blade would have promoted fatigue failure in the former component. Based on the analysis, primary mode of failure is termed as \u201ccorrosion fatigue.\u201d Practical recommendations are provided to improve the reliability of the system.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136274", 
            "issn": [
              "1529-8159", 
              "1547-7029"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "4", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "20"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "stator blades", 
          "power generation", 
          "failure investigation", 
          "AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel", 
          "iron oxide scale", 
          "martensitic stainless steel", 
          "modern blast furnace", 
          "chromium oxide films", 
          "stress concentration sites", 
          "energy dispersive spectroscopy", 
          "corrosion fatigue", 
          "oxide scale", 
          "brittle mode", 
          "beach marks", 
          "fatigue cracks", 
          "crack propagation", 
          "blast furnace", 
          "corrosion pits", 
          "stainless steel", 
          "carbide/", 
          "fatigue failure", 
          "rotor blades", 
          "scanning electron microscopy", 
          "oxide films", 
          "analytical scanning electron microscopy", 
          "hardness measurements", 
          "microstructural analysis", 
          "fatigue fracture", 
          "lower hardness", 
          "concentration sites", 
          "martensitic interfaces", 
          "TRT system", 
          "plant data", 
          "electron microscope", 
          "turbine", 
          "blades", 
          "electron microscopy", 
          "visual observation", 
          "steel", 
          "furnace", 
          "acidic water", 
          "cracks", 
          "top pressure", 
          "hardness", 
          "films", 
          "vibration", 
          "mode", 
          "bearing", 
          "system", 
          "interface", 
          "microscope", 
          "generation", 
          "chemical analysis", 
          "chlorine", 
          "propagation", 
          "operation", 
          "breakage", 
          "investigation", 
          "microscopy", 
          "water", 
          "pits", 
          "reliability", 
          "failure", 
          "fatigue", 
          "components", 
          "measurements", 
          "fractures", 
          "pressure", 
          "spectroscopy", 
          "pieces", 
          "primary mode", 
          "analysis", 
          "ratchet", 
          "sulfur", 
          "high concentrations", 
          "large increase", 
          "former component", 
          "step", 
          "increase", 
          "concentration", 
          "scale", 
          "interruption", 
          "observations", 
          "mechanism", 
          "practical recommendations", 
          "sites", 
          "data", 
          "marks", 
          "collection", 
          "recommendations", 
          "chronology"
        ], 
        "name": "Failure Investigation of a Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine: Chronology and Mechanism", 
        "pagination": "1376-1387", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1129899345"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129899345"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-05-20T07:36", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220519/entities/gbq_results/article/article_837.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    208 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      120 URIs      108 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author Na4a644bfa7bb415d91153f6eee0eaad0
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-015-0013-x
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-019-00657-3
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-019-00738-3
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s13632-018-0511-9
    8 schema:datePublished 2020-08-05
    9 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-08-05
    10 schema:description Top gas recovery turbine (TRT) is used to utilize high top pressure for power generation in modern blast furnaces. A failure occurred in the TRT system that led to interruption in operation and reduced power generation. A large increase in vibration of turbine discharge-side bearing was reported prior to the failure. Failure investigation consisted of collection and analysis of plant data, on-site and visual observations, chemical analysis, microstructural analysis using optical and scanning electron microscope coupled with energy-dispersive spectroscopy and hardness measurements. Both the failed components, that is the connecting piece and the rotor blade, were composed of AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel. In the failed connecting piece, fatigue fracture characterized by ratchet and beach marks were identified to occur from a step, a potential stress concentration site. Analytical scanning electron microscopy revealed that the fatigue cracks originated from the corrosion pits having iron oxide scale rich in sulfur and chlorine. Pitting occurred due to breakage of passive chromium oxide film due to acidic water in the system containing high concentration of chlorine. Crack propagation occurred predominantly along the chromium carbide/tempered martensitic interface. Stator blades failed subsequently in brittle mode. Lower hardness of the connecting pieces compared to the stator blade would have promoted fatigue failure in the former component. Based on the analysis, primary mode of failure is termed as “corrosion fatigue.” Practical recommendations are provided to improve the reliability of the system.
    11 schema:genre article
    12 schema:inLanguage en
    13 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    14 schema:isPartOf N127e055f09614140b34f303b5d9bc662
    15 N61dcf3d7b65141918e64ac7d82c6101f
    16 sg:journal.1136274
    17 schema:keywords AISI 420 martensitic stainless steel
    18 TRT system
    19 acidic water
    20 analysis
    21 analytical scanning electron microscopy
    22 beach marks
    23 bearing
    24 blades
    25 blast furnace
    26 breakage
    27 brittle mode
    28 carbide/
    29 chemical analysis
    30 chlorine
    31 chromium oxide films
    32 chronology
    33 collection
    34 components
    35 concentration
    36 concentration sites
    37 corrosion fatigue
    38 corrosion pits
    39 crack propagation
    40 cracks
    41 data
    42 electron microscope
    43 electron microscopy
    44 energy dispersive spectroscopy
    45 failure
    46 failure investigation
    47 fatigue
    48 fatigue cracks
    49 fatigue failure
    50 fatigue fracture
    51 films
    52 former component
    53 fractures
    54 furnace
    55 generation
    56 hardness
    57 hardness measurements
    58 high concentrations
    59 increase
    60 interface
    61 interruption
    62 investigation
    63 iron oxide scale
    64 large increase
    65 lower hardness
    66 marks
    67 martensitic interfaces
    68 martensitic stainless steel
    69 measurements
    70 mechanism
    71 microscope
    72 microscopy
    73 microstructural analysis
    74 mode
    75 modern blast furnace
    76 observations
    77 operation
    78 oxide films
    79 oxide scale
    80 pieces
    81 pits
    82 plant data
    83 power generation
    84 practical recommendations
    85 pressure
    86 primary mode
    87 propagation
    88 ratchet
    89 recommendations
    90 reliability
    91 rotor blades
    92 scale
    93 scanning electron microscopy
    94 sites
    95 spectroscopy
    96 stainless steel
    97 stator blades
    98 steel
    99 step
    100 stress concentration sites
    101 sulfur
    102 system
    103 top pressure
    104 turbine
    105 vibration
    106 visual observation
    107 water
    108 schema:name Failure Investigation of a Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine: Chronology and Mechanism
    109 schema:pagination 1376-1387
    110 schema:productId Ne6e6b14ab5a84b0d9fe1e677af3c4208
    111 Ne97bc02cec7247a2927ffa765765bd19
    112 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1129899345
    113 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5
    114 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-05-20T07:36
    115 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    116 schema:sdPublisher N9f6eb3f85fc1411e9f0a44717860d58a
    117 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5
    118 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    119 sgo:sdDataset articles
    120 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    121 N127e055f09614140b34f303b5d9bc662 schema:volumeNumber 20
    122 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    123 N1ccd6b4a8cdf49228587a9ce5b336c3c rdf:first N657df632b7d54e77a49ead54918f73db
    124 rdf:rest N3331129c6a5442e9803e403a4418df32
    125 N271a6194d50741db9d91a272d2c3757c rdf:first N91c2e8011d4b410ab8e235e82a8f2fe2
    126 rdf:rest N1ccd6b4a8cdf49228587a9ce5b336c3c
    127 N3331129c6a5442e9803e403a4418df32 rdf:first N57b6f2b278c9425eb0e6f511b9981b9d
    128 rdf:rest N666e7f8754ec4a9182fefbe7e00ab78c
    129 N57b6f2b278c9425eb0e6f511b9981b9d schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    130 schema:familyName Anand
    131 schema:givenName Omji
    132 rdf:type schema:Person
    133 N61dcf3d7b65141918e64ac7d82c6101f schema:issueNumber 4
    134 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    135 N657df632b7d54e77a49ead54918f73db schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    136 schema:familyName Mandal
    137 schema:givenName Himangshu
    138 rdf:type schema:Person
    139 N666e7f8754ec4a9182fefbe7e00ab78c rdf:first sg:person.012627373741.97
    140 rdf:rest Nd57988f5ebc54a4993456e74d939f502
    141 N91c2e8011d4b410ab8e235e82a8f2fe2 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    142 schema:familyName Das
    143 schema:givenName Susovan
    144 rdf:type schema:Person
    145 N96d1da43c46443c5bf31229672287348 rdf:first sg:person.010300147365.31
    146 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    147 N9f6eb3f85fc1411e9f0a44717860d58a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    148 rdf:type schema:Organization
    149 Na4a644bfa7bb415d91153f6eee0eaad0 rdf:first sg:person.014607070430.40
    150 rdf:rest N271a6194d50741db9d91a272d2c3757c
    151 Nd57988f5ebc54a4993456e74d939f502 rdf:first sg:person.014731146547.17
    152 rdf:rest N96d1da43c46443c5bf31229672287348
    153 Ne6e6b14ab5a84b0d9fe1e677af3c4208 schema:name doi
    154 schema:value 10.1007/s11668-020-00951-5
    155 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    156 Ne97bc02cec7247a2927ffa765765bd19 schema:name dimensions_id
    157 schema:value pub.1129899345
    158 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    159 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    160 schema:name Engineering
    161 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    162 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    163 schema:name Materials Engineering
    164 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    165 sg:journal.1136274 schema:issn 1529-8159
    166 1547-7029
    167 schema:name Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention
    168 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    169 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    170 sg:person.010300147365.31 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    171 schema:familyName Kumar
    172 schema:givenName Anup
    173 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010300147365.31
    174 rdf:type schema:Person
    175 sg:person.012627373741.97 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    176 schema:familyName Mukhopadhyay
    177 schema:givenName Goutam
    178 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012627373741.97
    179 rdf:type schema:Person
    180 sg:person.014607070430.40 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    181 schema:familyName Kishore
    182 schema:givenName Kaushal
    183 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014607070430.40
    184 rdf:type schema:Person
    185 sg:person.014731146547.17 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.460003.1
    186 schema:familyName Adhikary
    187 schema:givenName Manashi
    188 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014731146547.17
    189 rdf:type schema:Person
    190 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-015-0013-x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048220979
    191 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-015-0013-x
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-019-00657-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1117014240
    194 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-019-00657-3
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 sg:pub.10.1007/s11668-019-00738-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1121196357
    197 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11668-019-00738-3
    198 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    199 sg:pub.10.1007/s13632-018-0511-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1111248670
    200 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13632-018-0511-9
    201 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    202 grid-institutes:grid.460003.1 schema:alternateName Mechanical Maintenance, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India
    203 R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India
    204 Shared Services Technology Group, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India
    205 schema:name Mechanical Maintenance, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India
    206 R&D and Scientific Services, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India
    207 Shared Services Technology Group, Tata Steel Limited, Jamshedpur, India
    208 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...