Comparison of Oxidation and Microstructure of Warm-Sprayed and Cold-Sprayed Titanium Coatings View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2012-06

AUTHORS

KeeHyun Kim, Seiji Kuroda, Makoto Watanabe, RenZhong Huang, Hirotaka Fukanuma, Hiroshi Katanoda

ABSTRACT

Thick titanium coatings were prepared by the warm spraying (WS) and cold spraying (CS) processes to investigate the oxidation and microstructure of the coating layers. Prior to the coating formations, the temperature and velocity of in-flight titanium powder particles were numerically calculated. Significant oxidation occurred in the WS process using higher gas temperature conditions with low nitrogen flow rate, which is mixed to the flame jet of a high velocity oxy-fuel (HVOF) spray gun in order to control the temperature of the propellant gas. Oxidation, however, decreased strikingly as the nitrogen flow rate increased. In the CS process using nitrogen or helium as a propellant gas, little oxidation was observed. Even when scanning electron microscopy or an x-ray diffraction method did not detect oxides in the coating layers produced by WS using a high nitrogen flow rate or by CS using helium, the inert gas fusion method revealed minor increases of oxygen content from 0.01 to 0.2 wt.%. Most of the cross-sections of the coating layers prepared by conventional mechanical polishing looked dense. However, the cross-sections prepared by an ion-milling method revealed the actual microstructures containing small pores and unbounded interfaces between deposited particles. More... »

PAGES

550-560

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11666-011-9703-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11666-011-9703-4

DIMENSIONS

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