Correlative Analysis of Morphology–Mechanical–Corrosion Behavior of Conventional Nickel-Based and Nitrogen-Alloyed Nickel-Free Austenitic Stainless Steels View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-07-26

AUTHORS

Surjan Sheik, Raffi Mohammed, Atmaramudu Tirumalla, Arun Kumar Gurrala

ABSTRACT

High-nitrogen austenitic stainless steel (HNASS) has been considered a potential material for various applications during the past decade due to its excellent properties. The present study aims to understand the structure–properties correlation of nickel-based and nitrogen-alloyed nickel-free austenitic stainless steels. Alloys (304L, 316L, 904L, 202, and HNASS) selected are solutionized at 1100 °C for 02 h. All the above metallography specimens are subjected to morphological analysis using optical and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Using Vickers hardness, tensile, face-bend ductility, and Charpy impact testing, mechanical properties are evaluated. Localized corrosion studies, viz. open-circuit potential and potentiodynamic polarization, are performed using three-electrode-based GillAC electrochemical potentiostat in an aerated 3.5% NaCl environment. Further, the double loop-electrochemical potentiokinetic reactivation (DL-EPR) technique is used to determine the degree of sensitization (DOS) in a 0.5 M H2SO4+0.01 M NH4SCN environment. Intergranular corrosion attack is observed qualitatively using an etch test following ASTM standard A-262 practice A. The current investigation established that HNASS achieved a favorable microstructure and an optimum combination of mechanical and corrosion properties. It is attributed to solid solution strengthening, grain refinement, and re-passivation tendency involved due to the presence of nitrogen . More... »

PAGES

1-17

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2003-05. High temperature resistance of a high nitrogen and low nickel austenitic stainless steel in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS
  • 2021-03-28. Failure Analysis of the High Nitrogen Austenitic Stainless-Steel Boiler Tank Weldments in JOURNAL OF FAILURE ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
  • 2010-12-31. Effect of nitrogen content on the structure and properties of nitrocarburized steel in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2020-06-08. Effects of nitrogen content on pitting corrosion resistance of non-magnetic drill collar steel in JOURNAL OF IRON AND STEEL RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
  • 2018-11-16. Cavitation Erosion Behaviors of a Nickel-Free High-Nitrogen Stainless Steel in TRIBOLOGY LETTERS
  • 2020-09-21. A Comparative Study on the Ballistic Performance and Failure Mechanisms of High-Nitrogen Steel and RHA Steel Against Tungsten Heavy Alloy Penetrators in JOURNAL OF DYNAMIC BEHAVIOR OF MATERIALS
  • 2016-03-23. Effect of Filler Wire Composition on Microstructure and Pitting Corrosion of Nickel Free High Nitrogen Stainless Steel GTA Welds in TRANSACTIONS OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF METALS
  • 2015-08-05. Effects of Nitrogen on Passivity of Nickel-Free Stainless Steels by Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Analysis in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2016-09-16. Elucidating the Effect of Alloying Elements on the Behavior of Austenitic Stainless Steels at Elevated Temperatures in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2016-07-25. Intergranular Corrosion Behavior of Low-Nickel and 304 Austenitic Stainless Steels in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2020-06-16. Fretting wear behaviour of high-nitrogen stainless bearing steel under lubrication condition in JOURNAL OF IRON AND STEEL RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
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