Investigating the Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Roughness for 3D Printed Parts Using a Multi-jet Printer View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2022-07-25

AUTHORS

Ramesh Chand, Vishal S. Sharma, Rajeev Trehan, Munish Kumar Gupta, Murat Sarikaya

ABSTRACT

The shortcoming of conventional manufacturing (CM) is that it cannot manufacture geometrically complex parts with high repeatability and good surface properties. In order to overcome these shortcomings of CM, additive manufacturing (AM) is the major alternative to the CM. However, the usefulness and performance of parts manufactured through AM are closely correlated with dimensional accuracy and surface roughness, SR (Ra). Therefore, an investigation was carried out in this study for dimensional accuracy and surface roughness of 3D printed parts fabricated in different orientations. In the investigation, four orientation patterns are considered. The part is lying on the base (A), part is lying on the long edge (B), part is lying on the short edge (C), and the part is inclined to 45°(D) to the surface of the base plate (refer to Fig. 2). Orientations, i.e., A, B, C, and D, were explored for the variations in dimensional deviation and SR. In addition, an analysis was carried out using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on fabricated parts. The results obtained exhibit a variation in dimensional accuracy and change in SR with different part orientations. Among all orientations, the largest surface area of the component in contact with the base plate (A) was the most suitable. More... »

PAGES

1-15

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2020-05-04. A decision support system for the selection of an additive manufacturing process using a new hybrid MCDM technique in SĀDHANĀ
  • 2020-11-25. Numerical investigation of thermal behavior and melt pool morphology in multi-track multi-layer selective laser melting of the 316L steel in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  • 2021-03-13. Printability study of self-supporting graphene oxide-laponite nanocomposites for 3D printing applications in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  • 2021-03-11. Surface characteristics of laser polished Ti-6Al-4V parts produced by electron beam melting additive manufacturing process in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  • 2017-11-11. Surface roughness of FDM parts after post-processing with acetone vapor bath smoothing process in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  • 2017-06-17. A novel method for improving surface finish of stereolithography apparatus in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  • 2021-03-31. Surface Modification of a Model Part Produced with 3D Printing from PLA Material by Means of Composite Coating in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2021-04-26. 3D Printing Technology for Biomedical Practice: A Review in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 2013-08-02. Dimensional accuracy improvement of FDM square cross-section parts using artificial neural networks and an optimization algorithm in THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ADVANCED MANUFACTURING TECHNOLOGY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149728298


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.444475.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chand", 
            "givenName": "Ramesh", 
            "id": "sg:person.011654024511.77", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011654024511.77"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "School of Mechanical, Industrial & Aeronautical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.11951.3d", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India", 
                "School of Mechanical, Industrial & Aeronautical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sharma", 
            "givenName": "Vishal S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013113513704.28", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013113513704.28"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.444475.2", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Trehan", 
            "givenName": "Rajeev", 
            "id": "sg:person.012311317600.54", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012311317600.54"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, 76 Proszkowska St, 45-758, Opole, Poland", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.440608.e", 
              "name": [
                "Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, 76 Proszkowska St, 45-758, Opole, Poland"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Gupta", 
            "givenName": "Munish Kumar", 
            "id": "sg:person.010675617441.96", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010675617441.96"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.449244.b", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sarikaya", 
            "givenName": "Murat", 
            "id": "sg:person.011655511721.51", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011655511721.51"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-013-5196-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036330001", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-5196-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-021-06861-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136335377", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-021-06861-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-017-0529-1", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086070649", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-0529-1"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-021-06870-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136392759", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-021-06870-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12046-020-01338-w", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127351420", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12046-020-01338-w"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-020-06360-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1132931548", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-020-06360-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-017-1165-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092632784", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-1165-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-021-05711-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136820196", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-021-05711-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-021-05792-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137491102", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-021-05792-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2022-07-25", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2022-07-25", 
        "description": "The shortcoming of conventional manufacturing (CM) is that it cannot manufacture geometrically complex parts with high repeatability and good surface properties. In order to overcome these shortcomings of CM, additive manufacturing (AM) is the major alternative to the CM. However, the usefulness and performance of parts manufactured through AM are closely correlated with dimensional accuracy and surface roughness, SR (Ra). Therefore, an investigation was carried out in this study for dimensional accuracy and surface roughness of 3D printed parts fabricated in different orientations. In the investigation, four orientation patterns are considered. The part is lying on the base (A), part is lying on the long edge\u00a0(B), part is lying on the short edge\u00a0(C), and the part is inclined to 45\u00b0(D) to the surface of the base plate (refer to Fig.\u00a02). Orientations, i.e., A, B, C, and D, were explored for the variations in dimensional deviation and SR. In addition, an analysis was carried out using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on fabricated parts. The results obtained exhibit a variation in dimensional accuracy and change in SR with different part orientations. Among all orientations, the largest surface area of the component in contact with the base plate (A) was the most suitable.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1042007", 
            "issn": [
              "1059-9495", 
              "1544-1024"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "conventional manufacturing", 
          "dimensional accuracy", 
          "additive manufacturing", 
          "surface roughness", 
          "base plate", 
          "different part orientations", 
          "performance of parts", 
          "good surface properties", 
          "large surface area", 
          "dimensional deviation", 
          "part orientation", 
          "complex parts", 
          "roughness", 
          "surface properties", 
          "surface area", 
          "electron microscopy", 
          "manufacturing", 
          "high repeatability", 
          "different orientations", 
          "plate", 
          "accuracy", 
          "short edges", 
          "orientation", 
          "printer", 
          "major alternative", 
          "long edges", 
          "edge", 
          "surface", 
          "investigation", 
          "orientation patterns", 
          "repeatability", 
          "performance", 
          "microscopy", 
          "properties", 
          "Sr", 
          "variation", 
          "shortcomings", 
          "contact", 
          "part", 
          "deviation", 
          "order", 
          "components", 
          "alternative", 
          "exhibit", 
          "results", 
          "addition", 
          "area", 
          "base", 
          "analysis", 
          "changes", 
          "study", 
          "patterns", 
          "usefulness"
        ], 
        "name": "Investigating the Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Roughness for 3D Printed Parts Using a Multi-jet Printer", 
        "pagination": "1-15", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1149728298"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149728298"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:50", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_929.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    178 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      84 URIs      67 LITERALS      4 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N0ccd89a0a3cc4733b429e9e59c3f1961
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-013-5196-2
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-017-0529-1
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-017-1165-5
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-020-06360-0
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-021-06861-6
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-021-06870-5
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-021-05711-6
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-021-05792-3
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s12046-020-01338-w
    13 schema:datePublished 2022-07-25
    14 schema:datePublishedReg 2022-07-25
    15 schema:description The shortcoming of conventional manufacturing (CM) is that it cannot manufacture geometrically complex parts with high repeatability and good surface properties. In order to overcome these shortcomings of CM, additive manufacturing (AM) is the major alternative to the CM. However, the usefulness and performance of parts manufactured through AM are closely correlated with dimensional accuracy and surface roughness, SR (Ra). Therefore, an investigation was carried out in this study for dimensional accuracy and surface roughness of 3D printed parts fabricated in different orientations. In the investigation, four orientation patterns are considered. The part is lying on the base (A), part is lying on the long edge (B), part is lying on the short edge (C), and the part is inclined to 45°(D) to the surface of the base plate (refer to Fig. 2). Orientations, i.e., A, B, C, and D, were explored for the variations in dimensional deviation and SR. In addition, an analysis was carried out using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) on fabricated parts. The results obtained exhibit a variation in dimensional accuracy and change in SR with different part orientations. Among all orientations, the largest surface area of the component in contact with the base plate (A) was the most suitable.
    16 schema:genre article
    17 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
    18 schema:isPartOf sg:journal.1042007
    19 schema:keywords Sr
    20 accuracy
    21 addition
    22 additive manufacturing
    23 alternative
    24 analysis
    25 area
    26 base
    27 base plate
    28 changes
    29 complex parts
    30 components
    31 contact
    32 conventional manufacturing
    33 deviation
    34 different orientations
    35 different part orientations
    36 dimensional accuracy
    37 dimensional deviation
    38 edge
    39 electron microscopy
    40 exhibit
    41 good surface properties
    42 high repeatability
    43 investigation
    44 large surface area
    45 long edges
    46 major alternative
    47 manufacturing
    48 microscopy
    49 order
    50 orientation
    51 orientation patterns
    52 part
    53 part orientation
    54 patterns
    55 performance
    56 performance of parts
    57 plate
    58 printer
    59 properties
    60 repeatability
    61 results
    62 roughness
    63 short edges
    64 shortcomings
    65 study
    66 surface
    67 surface area
    68 surface properties
    69 surface roughness
    70 usefulness
    71 variation
    72 schema:name Investigating the Dimensional Accuracy and Surface Roughness for 3D Printed Parts Using a Multi-jet Printer
    73 schema:pagination 1-15
    74 schema:productId N4e372cf9701743238f7eb70c009247df
    75 N6afa59478f9d41d197a28f172faccd82
    76 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1149728298
    77 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0
    78 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:50
    79 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    80 schema:sdPublisher Ndc3cf847c5d149a19d8b23d499aab184
    81 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0
    82 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    83 sgo:sdDataset articles
    84 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    85 N0ccd89a0a3cc4733b429e9e59c3f1961 rdf:first sg:person.011654024511.77
    86 rdf:rest Neebd5d75ae224683b6ddd474de0a9d76
    87 N49687a47d78b40bd9d1c8f856ca4a16d rdf:first sg:person.012311317600.54
    88 rdf:rest Nc628634030d042e1a874c506c2844550
    89 N4e372cf9701743238f7eb70c009247df schema:name dimensions_id
    90 schema:value pub.1149728298
    91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    92 N6afa59478f9d41d197a28f172faccd82 schema:name doi
    93 schema:value 10.1007/s11665-022-07153-0
    94 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    95 Nc628634030d042e1a874c506c2844550 rdf:first sg:person.010675617441.96
    96 rdf:rest Nd8818fc16e7948abb11455c2004219af
    97 Nd8818fc16e7948abb11455c2004219af rdf:first sg:person.011655511721.51
    98 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    99 Ndc3cf847c5d149a19d8b23d499aab184 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    100 rdf:type schema:Organization
    101 Neebd5d75ae224683b6ddd474de0a9d76 rdf:first sg:person.013113513704.28
    102 rdf:rest N49687a47d78b40bd9d1c8f856ca4a16d
    103 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    104 schema:name Engineering
    105 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    106 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    107 schema:name Materials Engineering
    108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    109 sg:journal.1042007 schema:issn 1059-9495
    110 1544-1024
    111 schema:name Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
    112 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    113 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    114 sg:person.010675617441.96 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.440608.e
    115 schema:familyName Gupta
    116 schema:givenName Munish Kumar
    117 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010675617441.96
    118 rdf:type schema:Person
    119 sg:person.011654024511.77 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.444475.2
    120 schema:familyName Chand
    121 schema:givenName Ramesh
    122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011654024511.77
    123 rdf:type schema:Person
    124 sg:person.011655511721.51 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.449244.b
    125 schema:familyName Sarikaya
    126 schema:givenName Murat
    127 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011655511721.51
    128 rdf:type schema:Person
    129 sg:person.012311317600.54 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.444475.2
    130 schema:familyName Trehan
    131 schema:givenName Rajeev
    132 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012311317600.54
    133 rdf:type schema:Person
    134 sg:person.013113513704.28 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.11951.3d
    135 schema:familyName Sharma
    136 schema:givenName Vishal S.
    137 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013113513704.28
    138 rdf:type schema:Person
    139 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-013-5196-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036330001
    140 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-013-5196-2
    141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    142 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-017-0529-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1086070649
    143 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-0529-1
    144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    145 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-017-1165-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092632784
    146 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-017-1165-5
    147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    148 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-020-06360-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1132931548
    149 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-020-06360-0
    150 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    151 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-021-06861-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136335377
    152 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-021-06861-6
    153 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    154 sg:pub.10.1007/s00170-021-06870-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136392759
    155 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-021-06870-5
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-021-05711-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1136820196
    158 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-021-05711-6
    159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    160 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-021-05792-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1137491102
    161 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-021-05792-3
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 sg:pub.10.1007/s12046-020-01338-w schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1127351420
    164 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12046-020-01338-w
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 grid-institutes:grid.11951.3d schema:alternateName School of Mechanical, Industrial & Aeronautical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    167 schema:name Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
    168 School of Mechanical, Industrial & Aeronautical Engineering, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
    169 rdf:type schema:Organization
    170 grid-institutes:grid.440608.e schema:alternateName Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, 76 Proszkowska St, 45-758, Opole, Poland
    171 schema:name Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Opole University of Technology, 76 Proszkowska St, 45-758, Opole, Poland
    172 rdf:type schema:Organization
    173 grid-institutes:grid.444475.2 schema:alternateName Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
    174 schema:name Department of Industrial and Production Engineering, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar National Institute of Technology, Jalandhar, Punjab, India
    175 rdf:type schema:Organization
    176 grid-institutes:grid.449244.b schema:alternateName Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey
    177 schema:name Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sinop University, Sinop, Turkey
    178 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...