Spurious Grain Formation at Cross-Sectional Expansion During Directional Solidification: Influence of Thermosolutal Convection View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2018-04-20

AUTHORS

M. Ghods, M. Lauer, S. R. Upadhyay, R. N. Grugel, S. N. Tewari, D. R. Poirier

ABSTRACT

Formation of spurious grains during directional solidification (DS) of Al-7 wt.% Si and Al-19 wt.% Cu alloys through an abrupt increase in cross-sectional area has been examined by experiments and by numerical simulations. Stray grains were observed in the Al-19 wt.% Cu samples and almost none in the Al-7 wt.% Si. The locations of the stray grains correlate well where numerical solutions indicate the solute-rich melt to be flowing up the thermal gradient faster than the isotherm velocity. It is proposed that the spurious grain formation occurred by fragmentation of slender tertiary dendrite arms was enhanced by thermosolutal convection. In Al-7 wt.% Si, the dendrite fragments sink in the surrounding melt and get trapped in the dendritic array growing around them, and therefore they do not grow further. In the Al-19 wt.% Cu alloy, on the other hand, the dendrite fragments float in the surrounding melt and some find conducive thermal conditions for further growth and become stray grains. More... »

PAGES

3122-3130

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2006-08. Crystal fragmentation and columnar-to-equiaxed transitions in Al-Cu studied by synchrotron X-ray video microscopy in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2012-08-03. Observation of Misoriented Tertiary Dendrite Arms During Controlled Directional Solidification in Aluminum-7 Wt pct Silicon Alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1970-05. Interdendritic fluid flow and macrosegregation; influence of gravity in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2000-12. Thermal and grain-structure simulation in a land-based turbine blade directionally solidified with the liquid metal cooling process in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2014-02-25. Density, Viscosity, and Diffusion Coefficients in Hypoeutectic Al-Si Liquid Alloys: An Assessment of Available Data in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-018-3364-0

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-018-3364-0

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