On the Specific Role of Microstructure in Governing Cyclic Fatigue, Deformation, and Fracture Behavior of a High-Strength Alloy Steel View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2015-04-18

AUTHORS

K. Manigandan, T. S. Srivatsan

ABSTRACT

In this paper, the results of an experimental study that focused on evaluating the conjoint influence of microstructure and test specimen orientation on fully reversed strain-controlled fatigue behavior of the high alloy steel X2M are presented and discussed. The cyclic stress response of this high-strength alloy steel revealed initial hardening during the first few cycles followed by gradual softening for most of fatigue life. Cyclic strain resistance exhibited a linear trend for the variation of elastic strain amplitude with reversals to failure, and plastic strain amplitude with reversals to failure. Fracture morphology was the same at the macroscopic level over the entire range of cyclic strain amplitudes examined. However, at the fine microscopic level, the alloy steel revealed fracture to be essentially ductile with features reminiscent of predominantly “locally” ductile and isolated brittle mechanisms. The mechanisms governing stress response at the fine microscopic level, fatigue life, and final fracture behavior are presented and discussed in light of the mutually interactive influences of intrinsic microstructural effects, deformation characteristics of the microstructural constituents during fully reversed strain cycling, cyclic strain amplitude, and resultant response stress. More... »

PAGES

2451-2463

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1986-04. The effect of silicon and nickel additions on the sulfide spacing and fracture toughness of a 0.4 carbon low alloy steel in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1987-07. The influence of inclusion spacing and microstructure on the in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1999-01. The effects of grain-refining precipitates on the development of toughness in 4340 steel in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1973-01. Strength and toughness of Fe-10ni alloys containing C, Cr, Mo, and Co in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 1969-03. Structural transformation in thin films of binary alloys in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 2013-07-01. Effects of Strain Rate on Low Cycle Fatigue Behaviors of High-Strength Structural Steel in JOURNAL OF IRON AND STEEL RESEARCH INTERNATIONAL
  • 2001-08. Microstructure and hardness of copper powder consolidated by plasma pressure compaction in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 1977-07. Discussion of “evaluation of toughness in AISI 4340 alloy steel austenitized at low and high temperatures” in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1991-08. In situ fracture observations on tempered martensite embrittlement in an AlSl 4340 steel in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1983-06. The evaluation of tempered martensite embrittlement in 4130 steel by instrumented charpy V-notch testing in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1980-03. Structure-property relations and the design of Fe-4Cr-C base structural steels for high strength and toughness in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1985-07. Fatigue crack propagation in carburized X-2M steel in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1985-07. Fatigue crack propagation in carburized high alloy bearing steels in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1978-03. Further considerations on the inconsistency in toughness evaluation of AISI 4340 steel austenitized at increasing temperatures in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029401760


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, 44325-3903, Akron, OH, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265881.0", 
              "name": [
                "Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, 44325-3903, Akron, OH, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Manigandan", 
            "givenName": "K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010412562231.72", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010412562231.72"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, 44325-3903, Akron, OH, USA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.265881.0", 
              "name": [
                "Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, 44325-3903, Akron, OH, USA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Srivatsan", 
            "givenName": "T. S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015440524245.80", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015440524245.80"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646382", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047215348", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646382"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649630", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048821863", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02649630"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-999-0198-2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014889544", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-999-0198-2"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02647195", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034864910", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02647195"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02667407", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019930147", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02667407"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1016/s1006-706x(13)60126-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020522244", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1016/s1006-706x(13)60126-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1361/105994901770344872", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008268096", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1361/105994901770344872"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670449", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039006599", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02670449"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670331", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007952289", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02670331"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643986", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001969509", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643986"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00549917", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023577517", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00549917"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646515", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048846887", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646515"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670330", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016625295", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02670330"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02654568", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037034901", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02654568"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2015-04-18", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2015-04-18", 
        "description": "In this paper, the results of an experimental study that focused on evaluating the conjoint influence of microstructure and test specimen orientation on fully reversed strain-controlled fatigue behavior of the high alloy steel X2M are presented and discussed. The cyclic stress response of this high-strength alloy steel revealed initial hardening during the first few cycles followed by gradual softening for most of fatigue life. Cyclic strain resistance exhibited a linear trend for the variation of elastic strain amplitude with reversals to failure, and plastic strain amplitude with reversals to failure. Fracture morphology was the same at the macroscopic level over the entire range of cyclic strain amplitudes examined. However, at the fine microscopic level, the alloy steel revealed fracture to be essentially ductile with features reminiscent of predominantly \u201clocally\u201d ductile and isolated brittle mechanisms. The mechanisms governing stress response at the fine microscopic level, fatigue life, and final fracture behavior are presented and discussed in light of the mutually interactive influences of intrinsic microstructural effects, deformation characteristics of the microstructural constituents during fully reversed strain cycling, cyclic strain amplitude, and resultant response stress.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1042007", 
            "issn": [
              "1059-9495", 
              "1544-1024"
            ], 
            "name": "Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "24"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "high-strength alloy steel", 
          "fine microscopic level", 
          "cyclic strain amplitude", 
          "alloy steel", 
          "fatigue life", 
          "fracture behavior", 
          "strain amplitude", 
          "strain-controlled fatigue behavior", 
          "cyclic strain resistance", 
          "final fracture behavior", 
          "intrinsic microstructural effects", 
          "resultant response stress", 
          "cyclic stress response", 
          "test specimen orientation", 
          "fatigue behavior", 
          "microstructural constituents", 
          "deformation characteristics", 
          "fracture morphology", 
          "microstructural effects", 
          "brittle mechanisms", 
          "initial hardening", 
          "response stress", 
          "cyclic fatigue", 
          "strain cycling", 
          "steel", 
          "specimen orientation", 
          "elastic strain", 
          "strain resistance", 
          "microstructure", 
          "conjoint influence", 
          "experimental study", 
          "macroscopic level", 
          "ductile", 
          "hardening", 
          "entire range", 
          "deformation", 
          "behavior", 
          "plastic", 
          "interactive influence", 
          "microscopic level", 
          "influence", 
          "amplitude", 
          "fatigue", 
          "morphology", 
          "fractures", 
          "stress", 
          "resistance", 
          "cycling", 
          "characteristics", 
          "orientation", 
          "failure", 
          "range", 
          "cycle", 
          "mechanism", 
          "results", 
          "strains", 
          "variation", 
          "constituents", 
          "effect", 
          "reversal", 
          "features", 
          "light", 
          "linear trend", 
          "response", 
          "life", 
          "trends", 
          "study", 
          "levels", 
          "role", 
          "stress response", 
          "specific role", 
          "paper", 
          "high alloy steel X2M", 
          "alloy steel X2M", 
          "steel X2M", 
          "X2M", 
          "Governing Cyclic Fatigue"
        ], 
        "name": "On the Specific Role of Microstructure in Governing Cyclic Fatigue, Deformation, and Fracture Behavior of a High-Strength Alloy Steel", 
        "pagination": "2451-2463", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1029401760"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029401760"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:26", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_682.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    198 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      116 URIs      94 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N424efba89ca2441488211906bda05fd9
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00549917
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643986
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646382
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646515
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02647195
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649630
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02654568
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02667407
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670330
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670331
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670449
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-999-0198-2
    16 sg:pub.10.1016/s1006-706x(13)60126-0
    17 sg:pub.10.1361/105994901770344872
    18 schema:datePublished 2015-04-18
    19 schema:datePublishedReg 2015-04-18
    20 schema:description In this paper, the results of an experimental study that focused on evaluating the conjoint influence of microstructure and test specimen orientation on fully reversed strain-controlled fatigue behavior of the high alloy steel X2M are presented and discussed. The cyclic stress response of this high-strength alloy steel revealed initial hardening during the first few cycles followed by gradual softening for most of fatigue life. Cyclic strain resistance exhibited a linear trend for the variation of elastic strain amplitude with reversals to failure, and plastic strain amplitude with reversals to failure. Fracture morphology was the same at the macroscopic level over the entire range of cyclic strain amplitudes examined. However, at the fine microscopic level, the alloy steel revealed fracture to be essentially ductile with features reminiscent of predominantly “locally” ductile and isolated brittle mechanisms. The mechanisms governing stress response at the fine microscopic level, fatigue life, and final fracture behavior are presented and discussed in light of the mutually interactive influences of intrinsic microstructural effects, deformation characteristics of the microstructural constituents during fully reversed strain cycling, cyclic strain amplitude, and resultant response stress.
    21 schema:genre article
    22 schema:inLanguage en
    23 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    24 schema:isPartOf N3bb4b8abd5df4bf68c6540e7757d508e
    25 Ne6758ddc1bdb4a4b9c6c0117b7fe0afa
    26 sg:journal.1042007
    27 schema:keywords Governing Cyclic Fatigue
    28 X2M
    29 alloy steel
    30 alloy steel X2M
    31 amplitude
    32 behavior
    33 brittle mechanisms
    34 characteristics
    35 conjoint influence
    36 constituents
    37 cycle
    38 cyclic fatigue
    39 cyclic strain amplitude
    40 cyclic strain resistance
    41 cyclic stress response
    42 cycling
    43 deformation
    44 deformation characteristics
    45 ductile
    46 effect
    47 elastic strain
    48 entire range
    49 experimental study
    50 failure
    51 fatigue
    52 fatigue behavior
    53 fatigue life
    54 features
    55 final fracture behavior
    56 fine microscopic level
    57 fracture behavior
    58 fracture morphology
    59 fractures
    60 hardening
    61 high alloy steel X2M
    62 high-strength alloy steel
    63 influence
    64 initial hardening
    65 interactive influence
    66 intrinsic microstructural effects
    67 levels
    68 life
    69 light
    70 linear trend
    71 macroscopic level
    72 mechanism
    73 microscopic level
    74 microstructural constituents
    75 microstructural effects
    76 microstructure
    77 morphology
    78 orientation
    79 paper
    80 plastic
    81 range
    82 resistance
    83 response
    84 response stress
    85 resultant response stress
    86 results
    87 reversal
    88 role
    89 specific role
    90 specimen orientation
    91 steel
    92 steel X2M
    93 strain amplitude
    94 strain cycling
    95 strain resistance
    96 strain-controlled fatigue behavior
    97 strains
    98 stress
    99 stress response
    100 study
    101 test specimen orientation
    102 trends
    103 variation
    104 schema:name On the Specific Role of Microstructure in Governing Cyclic Fatigue, Deformation, and Fracture Behavior of a High-Strength Alloy Steel
    105 schema:pagination 2451-2463
    106 schema:productId N0a7a14b5904f460aa3d5c5ed384a0f93
    107 Nba9b803048574a888444e8098572f2d0
    108 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1029401760
    109 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6
    110 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:26
    111 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    112 schema:sdPublisher N8ccea3ccf8c34e739a23600103eaf62a
    113 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6
    114 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    115 sgo:sdDataset articles
    116 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    117 N0a7a14b5904f460aa3d5c5ed384a0f93 schema:name doi
    118 schema:value 10.1007/s11665-015-1481-6
    119 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    120 N1b4a5a1ebddc480990294b77838fa297 rdf:first sg:person.015440524245.80
    121 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    122 N3bb4b8abd5df4bf68c6540e7757d508e schema:volumeNumber 24
    123 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    124 N424efba89ca2441488211906bda05fd9 rdf:first sg:person.010412562231.72
    125 rdf:rest N1b4a5a1ebddc480990294b77838fa297
    126 N8ccea3ccf8c34e739a23600103eaf62a schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    127 rdf:type schema:Organization
    128 Nba9b803048574a888444e8098572f2d0 schema:name dimensions_id
    129 schema:value pub.1029401760
    130 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    131 Ne6758ddc1bdb4a4b9c6c0117b7fe0afa schema:issueNumber 6
    132 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    133 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    134 schema:name Engineering
    135 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    136 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    137 schema:name Materials Engineering
    138 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    139 sg:journal.1042007 schema:issn 1059-9495
    140 1544-1024
    141 schema:name Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
    142 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    143 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    144 sg:person.010412562231.72 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.265881.0
    145 schema:familyName Manigandan
    146 schema:givenName K.
    147 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010412562231.72
    148 rdf:type schema:Person
    149 sg:person.015440524245.80 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.265881.0
    150 schema:familyName Srivatsan
    151 schema:givenName T. S.
    152 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015440524245.80
    153 rdf:type schema:Person
    154 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00549917 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023577517
    155 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00549917
    156 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    157 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643986 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001969509
    158 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643986
    159 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    160 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646382 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047215348
    161 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646382
    162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    163 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646515 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048846887
    164 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646515
    165 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    166 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02647195 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034864910
    167 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02647195
    168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    169 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02649630 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048821863
    170 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02649630
    171 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    172 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02654568 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037034901
    173 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02654568
    174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    175 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02667407 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019930147
    176 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02667407
    177 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    178 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670330 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016625295
    179 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02670330
    180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    181 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670331 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007952289
    182 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02670331
    183 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    184 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02670449 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039006599
    185 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02670449
    186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    187 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-999-0198-2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1014889544
    188 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-999-0198-2
    189 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    190 sg:pub.10.1016/s1006-706x(13)60126-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020522244
    191 https://doi.org/10.1016/s1006-706x(13)60126-0
    192 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    193 sg:pub.10.1361/105994901770344872 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008268096
    194 https://doi.org/10.1361/105994901770344872
    195 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    196 grid-institutes:grid.265881.0 schema:alternateName Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, 44325-3903, Akron, OH, USA
    197 schema:name Division of Materials Science and Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, The University of Akron, 44325-3903, Akron, OH, USA
    198 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...