Microbial Corrosion in Linepipe Steel Under the Influence of a Sulfate-Reducing Consortium Isolated from an Oil Field View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2013-07-09

AUTHORS

Faisal M. AlAbbas, Charles Williamson, Shaily M. Bhola, John R. Spear, David L Olson, Brajendra Mishra, Anthony E. Kakpovbia

ABSTRACT

This work investigates microbiologically influenced corrosion of API 5L X52 linepipe steel by a sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) consortium. The SRB consortium used in this study was cultivated from a sour oil well in Louisiana, USA. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the mixed bacterial consortium contained three phylotypes: members of Proteobacteria (Desulfomicrobium sp.), Firmicutes (Clostridium sp.), and Bacteroidetes (Anaerophaga sp.). The biofilm and the pits that developed with time were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). In addition, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear polarization resistance (LPR) and open circuit potential (OCP) were used to analyze the corrosion behavior. Through circuit modeling, EIS results were used to interpret the physicoelectric interactions between the electrode, biofilm and solution interfaces. The results confirmed that extensive localized corrosion activity of SRB is due to a formed biofilm in conjunction with a porous iron sulfide layer on the metal surface. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed semiconductive corrosion products predominantly composed of a mixture of siderite (FeCO3), iron sulfide (FexSy), and iron (III) oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents in the corrosion products for the system exposed to the SRB consortium. More... »

PAGES

3517-3529

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025555628


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.254549.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "AlAbbas", 
        "givenName": "Faisal M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016256315337.27", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016256315337.27"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.254549.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Williamson", 
        "givenName": "Charles", 
        "id": "sg:person.0604553074.48", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0604553074.48"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.254549.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Bhola", 
        "givenName": "Shaily M.", 
        "id": "sg:person.0701415525.20", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701415525.20"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.254549.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Spear", 
        "givenName": "John R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01035255527.04", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035255527.04"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.254549.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Olson", 
        "givenName": "David L", 
        "id": "sg:person.010523016351.02", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010523016351.02"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.254549.b", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mishra", 
        "givenName": "Brajendra", 
        "id": "sg:person.01022526340.57", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01022526340.57"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Inspection Department, Saudi Aramco, 31311, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.454873.9", 
          "name": [
            "Inspection Department, Saudi Aramco, 31311, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Kakpovbia", 
        "givenName": "Anthony E.", 
        "id": "sg:person.010030537345.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010030537345.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10482-007-9177-z", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001919970", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10482-007-9177-z"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/233491a0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030414411", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/233491a0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s10853-010-4711-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053409635", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-010-4711-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9692-3", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040956688", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-010-9692-3"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2105-9-420", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036501026", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-9-420"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2013-07-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2013-07-09", 
    "description": "This work investigates microbiologically influenced corrosion of API 5L X52 linepipe steel by a sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) consortium. The SRB consortium used in this study was cultivated from a sour oil well in Louisiana, USA. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the mixed bacterial consortium contained three phylotypes: members of Proteobacteria (Desulfomicrobium sp.), Firmicutes (Clostridium sp.), and Bacteroidetes (Anaerophaga sp.). The biofilm and the pits that developed with time were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). In addition, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear polarization resistance (LPR) and open circuit potential (OCP) were used to analyze the corrosion behavior. Through circuit modeling, EIS results were used to interpret the physicoelectric interactions between the electrode, biofilm and solution interfaces. The results confirmed that extensive localized corrosion activity of SRB is due to a formed biofilm in conjunction with a porous iron sulfide layer on the metal surface. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed semiconductive corrosion products predominantly composed of a mixture of siderite (FeCO3), iron sulfide (FexSy), and iron (III) oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents in the corrosion products for the system exposed to the SRB consortium.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1042007", 
        "issn": [
          "1059-9495", 
          "1544-1024"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "11", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "22"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "linear polarization resistance", 
      "linepipe steels", 
      "open circuit potential", 
      "electrochemical impedance spectroscopy", 
      "corrosion products", 
      "sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) consortium", 
      "sour oil wells", 
      "SRB consortium", 
      "iron sulfide layer", 
      "corrosion behavior", 
      "corrosion activity", 
      "polarization resistance", 
      "microbial corrosion", 
      "oil wells", 
      "circuit potential", 
      "EIS results", 
      "sulfide layer", 
      "steel", 
      "field emission", 
      "impedance spectroscopy", 
      "oil field", 
      "corrosion", 
      "solution interface", 
      "circuit modeling", 
      "metal surface", 
      "ray diffraction", 
      "iron sulfides", 
      "electron microscopy", 
      "bacteria consortium", 
      "mixed bacterial consortium", 
      "layer", 
      "spectroscopy", 
      "interface", 
      "diffraction", 
      "electrode", 
      "surface", 
      "biofilms", 
      "products", 
      "sulfide", 
      "modeling", 
      "pits", 
      "emission", 
      "bacterial consortium", 
      "microscopy", 
      "mixture", 
      "siderite", 
      "resistance", 
      "sulfate", 
      "field", 
      "behavior", 
      "SRB", 
      "results", 
      "influence", 
      "wells", 
      "work", 
      "system", 
      "constituents", 
      "interaction", 
      "consortium", 
      "conjunction", 
      "potential", 
      "addition", 
      "time", 
      "analysis", 
      "members of Proteobacteria", 
      "activity", 
      "study", 
      "Louisiana", 
      "USA", 
      "Bacteroidetes", 
      "Proteobacteria", 
      "Firmicutes", 
      "members", 
      "sequence analysis", 
      "phylotypes", 
      "rRNA gene sequence analysis", 
      "gene sequence analysis", 
      "API 5L X52 linepipe steel", 
      "X52 linepipe steel", 
      "physicoelectric interactions", 
      "porous iron sulfide layer", 
      "semiconductive corrosion products", 
      "mixture of siderite", 
      "iron (III) oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents", 
      "oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents"
    ], 
    "name": "Microbial Corrosion in Linepipe Steel Under the Influence of a Sulfate-Reducing Consortium Isolated from an Oil Field", 
    "pagination": "3517-3529", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1025555628"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025555628"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-01-01T18:30", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20220101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_609.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

210 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      115 URIs      102 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N40c2c9e3b6fa4754a145aac648bfddde
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s10482-007-9177-z
5 sg:pub.10.1007/s10853-010-4711-1
6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9692-3
7 sg:pub.10.1038/233491a0
8 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2105-9-420
9 schema:datePublished 2013-07-09
10 schema:datePublishedReg 2013-07-09
11 schema:description This work investigates microbiologically influenced corrosion of API 5L X52 linepipe steel by a sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) consortium. The SRB consortium used in this study was cultivated from a sour oil well in Louisiana, USA. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the mixed bacterial consortium contained three phylotypes: members of Proteobacteria (Desulfomicrobium sp.), Firmicutes (Clostridium sp.), and Bacteroidetes (Anaerophaga sp.). The biofilm and the pits that developed with time were characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). In addition, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), linear polarization resistance (LPR) and open circuit potential (OCP) were used to analyze the corrosion behavior. Through circuit modeling, EIS results were used to interpret the physicoelectric interactions between the electrode, biofilm and solution interfaces. The results confirmed that extensive localized corrosion activity of SRB is due to a formed biofilm in conjunction with a porous iron sulfide layer on the metal surface. X-ray diffraction (XRD) revealed semiconductive corrosion products predominantly composed of a mixture of siderite (FeCO3), iron sulfide (FexSy), and iron (III) oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents in the corrosion products for the system exposed to the SRB consortium.
12 schema:genre article
13 schema:inLanguage en
14 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
15 schema:isPartOf N5264c05bf21d4dd893961730b3271c78
16 N827ad24db90840b1bd2d4ac1732cab16
17 sg:journal.1042007
18 schema:keywords API 5L X52 linepipe steel
19 Bacteroidetes
20 EIS results
21 Firmicutes
22 Louisiana
23 Proteobacteria
24 SRB
25 SRB consortium
26 USA
27 X52 linepipe steel
28 activity
29 addition
30 analysis
31 bacteria consortium
32 bacterial consortium
33 behavior
34 biofilms
35 circuit modeling
36 circuit potential
37 conjunction
38 consortium
39 constituents
40 corrosion
41 corrosion activity
42 corrosion behavior
43 corrosion products
44 diffraction
45 electrochemical impedance spectroscopy
46 electrode
47 electron microscopy
48 emission
49 field
50 field emission
51 gene sequence analysis
52 impedance spectroscopy
53 influence
54 interaction
55 interface
56 iron (III) oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents
57 iron sulfide layer
58 iron sulfides
59 layer
60 linear polarization resistance
61 linepipe steels
62 members
63 members of Proteobacteria
64 metal surface
65 microbial corrosion
66 microscopy
67 mixed bacterial consortium
68 mixture
69 mixture of siderite
70 modeling
71 oil field
72 oil wells
73 open circuit potential
74 oxide-hydroxide (FeOOH) constituents
75 phylotypes
76 physicoelectric interactions
77 pits
78 polarization resistance
79 porous iron sulfide layer
80 potential
81 products
82 rRNA gene sequence analysis
83 ray diffraction
84 resistance
85 results
86 semiconductive corrosion products
87 sequence analysis
88 siderite
89 solution interface
90 sour oil wells
91 spectroscopy
92 steel
93 study
94 sulfate
95 sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) consortium
96 sulfide
97 sulfide layer
98 surface
99 system
100 time
101 wells
102 work
103 schema:name Microbial Corrosion in Linepipe Steel Under the Influence of a Sulfate-Reducing Consortium Isolated from an Oil Field
104 schema:pagination 3517-3529
105 schema:productId N4a5c2b06853841fbb00ab359facdbdca
106 N7879343cce04413fa78ac66a5ab77790
107 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025555628
108 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7
109 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-01-01T18:30
110 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
111 schema:sdPublisher N48a370fd8def4455ab16face4ae3f6a8
112 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7
113 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
114 sgo:sdDataset articles
115 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
116 N0a543e777adc49feab551aaad7684c20 rdf:first sg:person.010030537345.73
117 rdf:rest rdf:nil
118 N30c5430cb6074bb3bfed246ead162429 rdf:first sg:person.010523016351.02
119 rdf:rest N9fbabc4bb2fb4c408b1986b7a16b44c6
120 N401248ffa74c4f4fa7dd8ab96936fb12 rdf:first sg:person.0604553074.48
121 rdf:rest N738871591a0f4530830355a0236bdbaf
122 N40c2c9e3b6fa4754a145aac648bfddde rdf:first sg:person.016256315337.27
123 rdf:rest N401248ffa74c4f4fa7dd8ab96936fb12
124 N48a370fd8def4455ab16face4ae3f6a8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
125 rdf:type schema:Organization
126 N4a5c2b06853841fbb00ab359facdbdca schema:name dimensions_id
127 schema:value pub.1025555628
128 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
129 N5264c05bf21d4dd893961730b3271c78 schema:volumeNumber 22
130 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
131 N738871591a0f4530830355a0236bdbaf rdf:first sg:person.0701415525.20
132 rdf:rest Na2d7ac13b15749368853889d758b028e
133 N7879343cce04413fa78ac66a5ab77790 schema:name doi
134 schema:value 10.1007/s11665-013-0627-7
135 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
136 N827ad24db90840b1bd2d4ac1732cab16 schema:issueNumber 11
137 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
138 N9fbabc4bb2fb4c408b1986b7a16b44c6 rdf:first sg:person.01022526340.57
139 rdf:rest N0a543e777adc49feab551aaad7684c20
140 Na2d7ac13b15749368853889d758b028e rdf:first sg:person.01035255527.04
141 rdf:rest N30c5430cb6074bb3bfed246ead162429
142 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
143 schema:name Engineering
144 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
145 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
146 schema:name Materials Engineering
147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
148 sg:journal.1042007 schema:issn 1059-9495
149 1544-1024
150 schema:name Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance
151 schema:publisher Springer Nature
152 rdf:type schema:Periodical
153 sg:person.010030537345.73 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.454873.9
154 schema:familyName Kakpovbia
155 schema:givenName Anthony E.
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010030537345.73
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.01022526340.57 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.254549.b
159 schema:familyName Mishra
160 schema:givenName Brajendra
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01022526340.57
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.01035255527.04 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.254549.b
164 schema:familyName Spear
165 schema:givenName John R.
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01035255527.04
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.010523016351.02 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.254549.b
169 schema:familyName Olson
170 schema:givenName David L
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010523016351.02
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:person.016256315337.27 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.254549.b
174 schema:familyName AlAbbas
175 schema:givenName Faisal M.
176 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016256315337.27
177 rdf:type schema:Person
178 sg:person.0604553074.48 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.254549.b
179 schema:familyName Williamson
180 schema:givenName Charles
181 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0604553074.48
182 rdf:type schema:Person
183 sg:person.0701415525.20 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.254549.b
184 schema:familyName Bhola
185 schema:givenName Shaily M.
186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0701415525.20
187 rdf:type schema:Person
188 sg:pub.10.1007/s10482-007-9177-z schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001919970
189 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10482-007-9177-z
190 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
191 sg:pub.10.1007/s10853-010-4711-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053409635
192 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10853-010-4711-1
193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
194 sg:pub.10.1007/s11665-010-9692-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040956688
195 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11665-010-9692-3
196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
197 sg:pub.10.1038/233491a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030414411
198 https://doi.org/10.1038/233491a0
199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
200 sg:pub.10.1186/1471-2105-9-420 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036501026
201 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2105-9-420
202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
203 grid-institutes:grid.254549.b schema:alternateName Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA
204 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA
205 schema:name Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA
206 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, 80401, Golden, CO, USA
207 rdf:type schema:Organization
208 grid-institutes:grid.454873.9 schema:alternateName Inspection Department, Saudi Aramco, 31311, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
209 schema:name Inspection Department, Saudi Aramco, 31311, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
210 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...