Work Function and Conductivity of Inkjet-Printed Silver Layers: Effect of Inks and Post-treatments View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2017-12-29

AUTHORS

Dana Mitra, Kalyan Yoti Mitra, Volodymyr Dzhagan, Nikhil Pillai, Dietrich R. T. Zahn, Reinhard R. Baumann

ABSTRACT

The electronic properties of a printed layer are influenced by a number of factors, including the nature of the ink (nanoparticle- or solution-based), ink composition (solvents, additives, concentration), and post-treatment technologies, especially sintering. One of the major challenges in the field of printed electronics is achieving the desired performance, for example, in terms of conductivity, resistivity, or work function (WF). This work investigates the dependence of sheet resistance and WF on various sintering methodologies. Four different silver nanoparticle inks were inkjet-printed on a flexible polymeric foil and post-treated by thermal sintering (in an oven) or novel sintering processes using infrared or intense pulsed light. The surfaces of the printed and sintered layers were investigated optically, and various inhomogeneities in the layer surface were observed, varying from a smooth to a highly rough appearance with ring-shaped drying structures. An analysis of the sheet resistance revealed notable variation among the various inks and sintering methodologies used. Here, for the very first time, WF is measured and evaluated as a function of sintering methodology and silver ink, and the respective layer formation characteristics realized with the inkjet printing technology. The WF values obtained by ultraviolet photoemission show a similar spread and allow unambiguous trends to be tracked with respect to the type of ink and sintering method used. The values of the WF obtained range from 3.7 eV to 4.3 eV, approaching the reported bulk values of 4.3–4.7 eV. The various silver inks resulted in different WFs when the same sintering method was used, while the same silver ink resulted in different WFs when various sintering methods were applied. Therefore, it is believed that the WF can be tuned over a broad range in a controlled manner to satisfy electronic device requirements. More... »

PAGES

2135-2142

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100112310


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6810.f", 
          "name": [
            "Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mitra", 
        "givenName": "Dana", 
        "id": "sg:person.07761527513.16", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07761527513.16"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6810.f", 
          "name": [
            "Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Mitra", 
        "givenName": "Kalyan Yoti", 
        "id": "sg:person.013113361001.22", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013113361001.22"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Semiconductor Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6810.f", 
          "name": [
            "Semiconductor Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Dzhagan", 
        "givenName": "Volodymyr", 
        "id": "sg:person.016445166551.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016445166551.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Novacentrix, Austin, TX, USA", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Novacentrix, Austin, TX, USA"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pillai", 
        "givenName": "Nikhil", 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Semiconductor Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.6810.f", 
          "name": [
            "Semiconductor Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Zahn", 
        "givenName": "Dietrich R. T.", 
        "id": "sg:person.016023447162.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016023447162.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department Printed Functionalities, Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems (ENAS), Chemnitz, Germany", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.469847.0", 
          "name": [
            "Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany", 
            "Department Printed Functionalities, Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems (ENAS), Chemnitz, Germany"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Baumann", 
        "givenName": "Reinhard R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011751234215.78", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011751234215.78"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-015-4073-1", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001270945", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-015-4073-1"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/srep33490", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030839576", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33490"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "2017-12-29", 
    "datePublishedReg": "2017-12-29", 
    "description": "The electronic properties of a printed layer are influenced by a number of factors, including the nature of the ink (nanoparticle- or solution-based), ink composition (solvents, additives, concentration), and post-treatment technologies, especially sintering. One of the major challenges in the field of printed electronics is achieving the desired performance, for example, in terms of conductivity, resistivity, or work function (WF). This work investigates the dependence of sheet resistance and WF on various sintering methodologies. Four different silver nanoparticle inks were inkjet-printed on a flexible polymeric foil and post-treated by thermal sintering (in an oven) or novel sintering processes using infrared or intense pulsed light. The surfaces of the printed and sintered layers were investigated optically, and various inhomogeneities in the layer surface were observed, varying from a smooth to a highly rough appearance with ring-shaped drying structures. An analysis of the sheet resistance revealed notable variation among the various inks and sintering methodologies used. Here, for the very first time, WF is measured and evaluated as a function of sintering methodology and silver ink, and the respective layer formation characteristics realized with the inkjet printing technology. The WF values obtained by ultraviolet photoemission show a similar spread and allow unambiguous trends to be tracked with respect to the type of ink and sintering method used. The values of the WF obtained range from 3.7\u00a0eV to 4.3\u00a0eV, approaching the reported bulk values of 4.3\u20134.7\u00a0eV. The various silver inks resulted in different WFs when the same sintering method was used, while the same silver ink resulted in different WFs when various sintering methods were applied. Therefore, it is believed that the WF can be tuned over a broad range in a controlled manner to satisfy electronic device requirements.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1136213", 
        "issn": [
          "0361-5235", 
          "1543-186X"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal of Electronic Materials", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "3", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "47"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "sintering method", 
      "silver ink", 
      "different work functions", 
      "work function", 
      "sheet resistance", 
      "novel sintering process", 
      "silver nanoparticle ink", 
      "post-treatment technology", 
      "inkjet printing technology", 
      "flexible polymeric foils", 
      "terms of conductivity", 
      "type of ink", 
      "sintering process", 
      "electronic properties", 
      "nanoparticle ink", 
      "ink composition", 
      "sintering methodology", 
      "thermal sintering", 
      "silver layer", 
      "layer surface", 
      "printing technology", 
      "polymeric foils", 
      "ink", 
      "formation characteristics", 
      "device requirements", 
      "effect of ink", 
      "ultraviolet photoemission", 
      "WF values", 
      "bulk value", 
      "layer", 
      "conductivity", 
      "surface", 
      "sintering", 
      "unambiguous trend", 
      "Inkjet", 
      "first time", 
      "electronics", 
      "broad range", 
      "technology", 
      "resistivity", 
      "foil", 
      "methodology", 
      "rough appearance", 
      "resistance", 
      "method", 
      "range", 
      "properties", 
      "major challenge", 
      "photoemission", 
      "inhomogeneity", 
      "structure", 
      "performance", 
      "composition", 
      "post treatment", 
      "values", 
      "field", 
      "requirements", 
      "characteristics", 
      "process", 
      "dependence", 
      "work", 
      "nature", 
      "light", 
      "similar spread", 
      "variation", 
      "function", 
      "number of factors", 
      "example", 
      "respect", 
      "terms", 
      "time", 
      "effect", 
      "analysis", 
      "challenges", 
      "notable variation", 
      "types", 
      "trends", 
      "number", 
      "manner", 
      "factors", 
      "appearance", 
      "spread"
    ], 
    "name": "Work Function and Conductivity of Inkjet-Printed Silver Layers: Effect of Inks and Post-treatments", 
    "pagination": "2135-2142", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1100112310"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100112310"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-10-01T06:42", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221001/entities/gbq_results/article/article_723.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

190 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      108 URIs      98 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N5af9d14747d94d979b4db67e22cf1414
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-015-4073-1
5 sg:pub.10.1038/srep33490
6 schema:datePublished 2017-12-29
7 schema:datePublishedReg 2017-12-29
8 schema:description The electronic properties of a printed layer are influenced by a number of factors, including the nature of the ink (nanoparticle- or solution-based), ink composition (solvents, additives, concentration), and post-treatment technologies, especially sintering. One of the major challenges in the field of printed electronics is achieving the desired performance, for example, in terms of conductivity, resistivity, or work function (WF). This work investigates the dependence of sheet resistance and WF on various sintering methodologies. Four different silver nanoparticle inks were inkjet-printed on a flexible polymeric foil and post-treated by thermal sintering (in an oven) or novel sintering processes using infrared or intense pulsed light. The surfaces of the printed and sintered layers were investigated optically, and various inhomogeneities in the layer surface were observed, varying from a smooth to a highly rough appearance with ring-shaped drying structures. An analysis of the sheet resistance revealed notable variation among the various inks and sintering methodologies used. Here, for the very first time, WF is measured and evaluated as a function of sintering methodology and silver ink, and the respective layer formation characteristics realized with the inkjet printing technology. The WF values obtained by ultraviolet photoemission show a similar spread and allow unambiguous trends to be tracked with respect to the type of ink and sintering method used. The values of the WF obtained range from 3.7 eV to 4.3 eV, approaching the reported bulk values of 4.3–4.7 eV. The various silver inks resulted in different WFs when the same sintering method was used, while the same silver ink resulted in different WFs when various sintering methods were applied. Therefore, it is believed that the WF can be tuned over a broad range in a controlled manner to satisfy electronic device requirements.
9 schema:genre article
10 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
11 schema:isPartOf N2802530852dc4fa8b7c3d5c0397e363f
12 Nd3db62365ea84266abaf6bf26f788d56
13 sg:journal.1136213
14 schema:keywords Inkjet
15 WF values
16 analysis
17 appearance
18 broad range
19 bulk value
20 challenges
21 characteristics
22 composition
23 conductivity
24 dependence
25 device requirements
26 different work functions
27 effect
28 effect of ink
29 electronic properties
30 electronics
31 example
32 factors
33 field
34 first time
35 flexible polymeric foils
36 foil
37 formation characteristics
38 function
39 inhomogeneity
40 ink
41 ink composition
42 inkjet printing technology
43 layer
44 layer surface
45 light
46 major challenge
47 manner
48 method
49 methodology
50 nanoparticle ink
51 nature
52 notable variation
53 novel sintering process
54 number
55 number of factors
56 performance
57 photoemission
58 polymeric foils
59 post treatment
60 post-treatment technology
61 printing technology
62 process
63 properties
64 range
65 requirements
66 resistance
67 resistivity
68 respect
69 rough appearance
70 sheet resistance
71 silver ink
72 silver layer
73 silver nanoparticle ink
74 similar spread
75 sintering
76 sintering method
77 sintering methodology
78 sintering process
79 spread
80 structure
81 surface
82 technology
83 terms
84 terms of conductivity
85 thermal sintering
86 time
87 trends
88 type of ink
89 types
90 ultraviolet photoemission
91 unambiguous trend
92 values
93 variation
94 work
95 work function
96 schema:name Work Function and Conductivity of Inkjet-Printed Silver Layers: Effect of Inks and Post-treatments
97 schema:pagination 2135-2142
98 schema:productId N03f764141a9d42e29293679da1de198c
99 N128012492c734cce95efdf5d3810cb9c
100 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1100112310
101 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5
102 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-10-01T06:42
103 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
104 schema:sdPublisher N0e82587c5fe743ee80bf3dc56ab07142
105 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5
106 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
107 sgo:sdDataset articles
108 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
109 N03f764141a9d42e29293679da1de198c schema:name doi
110 schema:value 10.1007/s11664-017-6024-5
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N0e82587c5fe743ee80bf3dc56ab07142 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
113 rdf:type schema:Organization
114 N128012492c734cce95efdf5d3810cb9c schema:name dimensions_id
115 schema:value pub.1100112310
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 N2802530852dc4fa8b7c3d5c0397e363f schema:issueNumber 3
118 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
119 N5af9d14747d94d979b4db67e22cf1414 rdf:first sg:person.07761527513.16
120 rdf:rest N62127702c1df4faf9282cdc357a134fe
121 N62127702c1df4faf9282cdc357a134fe rdf:first sg:person.013113361001.22
122 rdf:rest N7740adc066c04acabcdc98e401266954
123 N7740adc066c04acabcdc98e401266954 rdf:first sg:person.016445166551.63
124 rdf:rest Nfa54d814352f4054bda2a8c90af3d603
125 Nb71fef5457bc4de39e964f8abf65b276 rdf:first sg:person.011751234215.78
126 rdf:rest rdf:nil
127 Nd3db62365ea84266abaf6bf26f788d56 schema:volumeNumber 47
128 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
129 Ndf8763574f4d4ccb81be14371dd67cda schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
130 schema:familyName Pillai
131 schema:givenName Nikhil
132 rdf:type schema:Person
133 Nfa54d814352f4054bda2a8c90af3d603 rdf:first Ndf8763574f4d4ccb81be14371dd67cda
134 rdf:rest Nfbc9288e9ed34b5fb7440e4bbc67eee4
135 Nfbc9288e9ed34b5fb7440e4bbc67eee4 rdf:first sg:person.016023447162.05
136 rdf:rest Nb71fef5457bc4de39e964f8abf65b276
137 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
138 schema:name Engineering
139 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
140 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
141 schema:name Materials Engineering
142 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
143 sg:journal.1136213 schema:issn 0361-5235
144 1543-186X
145 schema:name Journal of Electronic Materials
146 schema:publisher Springer Nature
147 rdf:type schema:Periodical
148 sg:person.011751234215.78 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.469847.0
149 schema:familyName Baumann
150 schema:givenName Reinhard R.
151 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011751234215.78
152 rdf:type schema:Person
153 sg:person.013113361001.22 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.6810.f
154 schema:familyName Mitra
155 schema:givenName Kalyan Yoti
156 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013113361001.22
157 rdf:type schema:Person
158 sg:person.016023447162.05 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.6810.f
159 schema:familyName Zahn
160 schema:givenName Dietrich R. T.
161 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016023447162.05
162 rdf:type schema:Person
163 sg:person.016445166551.63 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.6810.f
164 schema:familyName Dzhagan
165 schema:givenName Volodymyr
166 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016445166551.63
167 rdf:type schema:Person
168 sg:person.07761527513.16 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.6810.f
169 schema:familyName Mitra
170 schema:givenName Dana
171 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07761527513.16
172 rdf:type schema:Person
173 sg:pub.10.1007/s11664-015-4073-1 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001270945
174 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11664-015-4073-1
175 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
176 sg:pub.10.1038/srep33490 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1030839576
177 https://doi.org/10.1038/srep33490
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Novacentrix, Austin, TX, USA
180 schema:name Novacentrix, Austin, TX, USA
181 rdf:type schema:Organization
182 grid-institutes:grid.469847.0 schema:alternateName Department Printed Functionalities, Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems (ENAS), Chemnitz, Germany
183 schema:name Department Printed Functionalities, Fraunhofer Institute for Electronic Nano Systems (ENAS), Chemnitz, Germany
184 Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
185 rdf:type schema:Organization
186 grid-institutes:grid.6810.f schema:alternateName Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
187 Semiconductor Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
188 schema:name Digital Printing and Imaging Technology, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
189 Semiconductor Physics, Chemnitz University of Technology, Chemnitz, Germany
190 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...