Lithium-Catalyzed Carbon Aerogel and Its Possible Application in Energy Storage Materials View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2017-07

AUTHORS

Mateusz Ciszewski, Elżbieta Szatkowska, Andrzej Koszorek

ABSTRACT

A lithium-based catalyst for carbon aerogel compounds and carbon nanotubes synthesis was used. Lithium hydroxide-catalyzed and CNT-modified carbon aerogel was compared to traditionally synthesized sodium carbonate-catalyzed carbon aerogel, as well as to the same material modified with CNT to evaluate the real effect of lithium hydroxide addition. Enhancement in the specific surface area from 498 m2/g to 786 m2/g and significant change in pore size distribution were observed. Low temperature, supercritical drying in carbon dioxide was used to prepare an organic aerogel with subsequent pyrolysis in an inert gas flow to convert it into carbon aerogel. The as-obtained material was examined with respect to energy storage applications, i.e. symmetric hybrid supercapacitors. It was shown that lithium hydroxide was responsible for shorter gelation time, increased specific surface area, and a greater number of micropores within the structure. For both reference materials prepared using sodium carbonate, quite different data were recorded. It was presented that the proper choice of carbon matrix should combine both high specific surface area and appropriate pore size distribution. High surface area and a relatively large number of micropores were responsible for specific capacity loss. More... »

PAGES

4612-4617

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11664-017-5454-4

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11664-017-5454-4

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084032436


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