Research on Rare Earth Tailings-Based Slag Used for Dephosphorization of Hot Metal Containing Moderate Amounts of Chromium View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-05-03

AUTHORS

Liangjun Chen, Haimeng Xue, Jie Li, Yong Wan, Yunjin Xia, Changji Lv

ABSTRACT

The utilization of rare earth tailings still has various disadvantages such as high energy consumption, low utilization ratio and serious pollution, which severely restricts the industrialization. As a result, it is difficult to solve the solid waste treatment problems of rare earth tailings fundamentally. To achieve bulk utilization in a way of energy conservation and environmental protection, a novel technology of dephosphorization using rare earth tailings-based slag was proposed to realize both dephosphorization and chromium retention of hot metal containing moderate amounts of chromium. To develop this new technology, a series of equilibrium experiments between slag and hot metal containing moderate amounts of chromium was carried out using a molybdenum disilicide resistance furnace at 1723 K. The effect of slag composition on the oxidation of phosphorus and chromium in hot metal was investigated, and the commercial software FactSage 7.2 was also utilized for analyses. The effective dephosphorization and recycle of rare earth tailings were realized via optimizing chemical composition of slag. In addition, the addition of Cr2O3 inhibits the chromium loss significantly, resulting from increased activity of Cr2O3. When the CaO/Fe2O3 ratio in the initial slag increases, the chromium loss ratio shows a continual declining tendency, while the dephosphorization efficiency first increases and then decreases. With the increase of rare earth tailings proportion (abbreviated as RETP), both the dephosphorization efficiency and chromium loss ratio fall. Both the dephosphorization efficiency and chromium loss ratio show a decreasing tendency with increasing CaF2 content. More... »

PAGES

1-9

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2013-10-31. Recovery of iron from Baotou rare earth tailings by magnetizing roast in RARE METALS
  • 1991-02. A thermodynamic study of dephosphorization using BaO-BaF2, CaO-CaF2, and BaO-CaO-CaF2 systems in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2012-11-29. The Rate of the Phosphorous Reaction Between Liquid Iron and Slag in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2021-07-27. Effect of Slag Basicity on Dephosphorization at Lower Basicity and Lower Temperature Based on Industrial Experiments and Ion-Molecular Coexistence Theory in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2015-06-21. Coupling relationship between multicomponent recovery of rare earth tailings in RARE METALS
  • 2015-03-04. Mass transfer of phosphorus in high-phosphorus hot-metal refining in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MINERALS, METALLURGY AND MATERIALS
  • 2017-07-24. Distribution Ratios of Phosphorus Between CaO-FeO-SiO2-Al2O3/Na2O/TiO2 Slags and Carbon-Saturated Iron in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2016-08. Magnetizing roast and magnetic separation of iron in rare-earth tailings in JOURNAL OF CENTRAL SOUTH UNIVERSITY
  • 1999-06. A thermodynamic study of BaO-BaF2-Cr2O3 system fluxes used for dephosphorization of chromium-containing iron melts in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2014-11-06. Roasting decomposition of mixed rare earth tailings by CaO in reducing atmosphere in RARE METALS
  • 2018-02-26. An Assessment of the General Applicability of the Relationship Between Nucleation of CO Bubbles and Mass Transfer of Phosphorus in Liquid Iron Alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 1998-02. The kinetics of dephosphorization of carbon-saturated iron using an oxidizing slag in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
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