Extraction of Vanadium From Vanadium Slag Through a New Technique Route Including Na2O2-Briquetting Roasting Process View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2022-04-20

AUTHORS

Hong-Rui Yue, Jian-Xing Liu, Gong-Jin Cheng, Xiang-Xin Xue, Wei-Jun Zhang

ABSTRACT

The material accumulation during roasting in the practical production causes the hypoxia of the internal materials, leading to the relatively lower vanadium recovery than that in theoretical studies. This work aims to solve the problem of material hypoxia through the Na2O2-briquetting roasting route. The vanadium slag and Na2O2 powders were mixed, briquetted, and roasted at various parameters. The generated phases and their distributions were analyzed using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and electron probe microanalysis. The analyzing results showed that Fe2O3, Fe3O4, Mg0.165Mn0.835O, CaTiO3, and Na3VO4 were generated during roasting. The solid–solid reaction between V2O5 and Na2O was described using the vacancy-mediated diffusion mechanism. Na+ (or V5+), in the Na2O (or V2O5) layer, jumped and diffused through the Na+ (or V5+) vacancies (in the Na3VO4 layer) to the Na3VO4/V2O5 (or Na3VO4/Na2O) interface. Na+ (or V5+) reacted with V2O5 (or Na2O) and O2 decomposed from Na2O2 or transported from the air to generate Na3VO4. The roasted mixture was leached in an aqueous solution to study the effects of the roasting variables on the vanadium leaching recovery. The vanadium leaching recovery was very sensitive to the roasting variables, it showed very complicated relationships with the Na/V molar ratio, temperature, time, and briquetting pressure. The maximum vanadium leaching recovery of 95.57 pct was achieved when the Na/V molar ratio, temperature, time, and pressure were optimized as 3/1, 850 °C, 2.5 hours, and 5 MPa, respectively. The leaching solution containing vanadium was processed via precipitation and calcination to gather vanadium. The obtained compound was identified as V2O5 with a purity of 96.84 pct, based on the high consistency of diffraction peaks between the present work and that of the joint committee on powder diffraction standards. More... »

PAGES

1-12

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-022-02522-5

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-022-02522-5

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1147255863


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