A XANES Study of Sulfur Speciation and Reactivity in Cokes for Anodes Used in Aluminum Production View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2018-06

AUTHORS

Gøril Jahrsengene, Hannah C. Wells, Stein Rørvik, Arne Petter Ratvik, Richard G. Haverkamp, Ann Mari Svensson

ABSTRACT

Availability of anode raw materials in the growing aluminum industry results in a wider range of petroleum cokes being used to produce carbon anodes. The boundary between anode grade cokes and what previously was considered non-anode grades are no longer as distinct as before, leading to introduction of cokes with higher sulfur and higher trace metal impurity content in anode manufacturing. In this work, the chemical nature of sulfur in five industrial cokes, ranging from 1.42 to 5.54 wt pct S, was investigated with K-edge XANES, while the reactivity of the cokes towards CO2 was measured by a standard mass loss test. XANES identified most of the sulfur as organic sulfur compounds. In addition, a significant amount is identified (16 to 53 pct) as S-S bound sulfur. A strong inverse correlation is observed between CO2-reactivity and S-S bound sulfur in the cokes, indicating that the reduction in reactivity is more dependent on the amount of this type of sulfur compound rather than the total amount of sulfur or the amount of organic sulfur. More... »

PAGES

1434-1443

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-018-1215-x

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-018-1215-x

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1101776331


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