The study of surface-active element oxygen on flow patterns and penetration in A-TIG welding View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2006-06

AUTHORS

Yuzhen Zhao, Yaowu Shi, Yongping Lei

ABSTRACT

A three-dimensional mathematical model was developed to simulate the flow patterns and temperature distributions in a moving A-TIG weld pool of 304 stainless steels with different oxygen content using PHOENICS software. It is shown that the surface-active element, oxygen, is important, because it affects the weld shape by changing the flow patterns in the weld pool. The weld bead penetration and the depth/width ratio increase first sharply and then remain nearly a constant with increasing oxygen content. Depending upon the oxygen contents, three, one, or two vortexes that have different positions, strength, and directions may be found in the weld pool. Oxygen can cause significant changes in the weld shape by varying the sign of the surface tension coefficient. The situation with the maximum surface tension moves from the edge to the center with increasing oxygen content. As oxygen content exceeds a critical value, a positive surface tension coefficient dominates the flow patterns. The vortexes with opposite directions caused by positive surface tension coefficient can efficiently transfer the thermal energy from the arc, creating a deep weld pool. The critical oxygen content increases with the increase of the welding current. More... »

PAGES

485-493

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-02. Fluid flow and weld penetration in stationary arc welds in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2001-02. Modeling of the effects of surface-active elements on flow patterns and weld penetration in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2001-06. Effects of surface active elements on weld pool fluid flow and weld penetration in gas metal arc welding in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2001-10. Geometry of laser spot welds from dimensionless numbers in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022722637


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0910", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Manufacturing Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.12527.33", 
              "name": [
                "the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zhao", 
            "givenName": "Yuzhen", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100022, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.28703.3e", 
              "name": [
                "the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100022, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shi", 
            "givenName": "Yaowu", 
            "id": "sg:person.010147557037.66", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010147557037.66"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100022, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.28703.3e", 
              "name": [
                "the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100022, Beijing, People\u2019s Republic of China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lei", 
            "givenName": "Yongping", 
            "id": "sg:person.012521025203.12", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012521025203.12"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02816047", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025985433", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02816047"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0080-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025708950", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-001-0080-0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0035-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016118323", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-001-0035-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0017-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008887201", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-001-0017-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2006-06", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2006-06-01", 
        "description": "A three-dimensional mathematical model was developed to simulate the flow patterns and temperature distributions in a moving A-TIG weld pool of 304 stainless steels with different oxygen content using PHOENICS software. It is shown that the surface-active element, oxygen, is important, because it affects the weld shape by changing the flow patterns in the weld pool. The weld bead penetration and the depth/width ratio increase first sharply and then remain nearly a constant with increasing oxygen content. Depending upon the oxygen contents, three, one, or two vortexes that have different positions, strength, and directions may be found in the weld pool. Oxygen can cause significant changes in the weld shape by varying the sign of the surface tension coefficient. The situation with the maximum surface tension moves from the edge to the center with increasing oxygen content. As oxygen content exceeds a critical value, a positive surface tension coefficient dominates the flow patterns. The vortexes with opposite directions caused by positive surface tension coefficient can efficiently transfer the thermal energy from the arc, creating a deep weld pool. The critical oxygen content increases with the increase of the welding current.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136775", 
            "issn": [
              "1073-5615", 
              "1543-1916"
            ], 
            "name": "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "37"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "surface tension coefficient", 
          "weld pool", 
          "weld shape", 
          "flow patterns", 
          "tension coefficient", 
          "TIG weld pool", 
          "deep weld pool", 
          "three-dimensional mathematical model", 
          "surface-active elements", 
          "weld bead penetration", 
          "oxygen content", 
          "depth/width ratio", 
          "TIG welding", 
          "bead penetration", 
          "stainless steel", 
          "PHOENICS software", 
          "temperature distribution", 
          "oxygen content increases", 
          "thermal energy", 
          "different oxygen contents", 
          "welding", 
          "element oxygen", 
          "content increases", 
          "mathematical model", 
          "width ratio", 
          "vortices", 
          "critical value", 
          "steel", 
          "coefficient", 
          "penetration", 
          "different positions", 
          "shape", 
          "strength", 
          "oxygen", 
          "direction", 
          "content", 
          "energy", 
          "opposite direction", 
          "edge", 
          "increase", 
          "arc", 
          "ratio", 
          "distribution", 
          "model", 
          "software", 
          "elements", 
          "values", 
          "position", 
          "pool", 
          "patterns", 
          "moves", 
          "situation", 
          "significant changes", 
          "changes", 
          "study", 
          "center", 
          "signs", 
          "maximum surface tension moves", 
          "surface tension moves", 
          "tension moves", 
          "positive surface tension coefficient", 
          "critical oxygen content increases", 
          "surface-active element oxygen"
        ], 
        "name": "The study of surface-active element oxygen on flow patterns and penetration in A-TIG welding", 
        "pagination": "485-493", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1022722637"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022722637"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T18:09", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_428.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    153 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      93 URIs      81 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0910
    3 schema:author N36e91705af3349628ae816696c05928f
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02816047
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0017-7
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0035-5
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0080-0
    8 schema:datePublished 2006-06
    9 schema:datePublishedReg 2006-06-01
    10 schema:description A three-dimensional mathematical model was developed to simulate the flow patterns and temperature distributions in a moving A-TIG weld pool of 304 stainless steels with different oxygen content using PHOENICS software. It is shown that the surface-active element, oxygen, is important, because it affects the weld shape by changing the flow patterns in the weld pool. The weld bead penetration and the depth/width ratio increase first sharply and then remain nearly a constant with increasing oxygen content. Depending upon the oxygen contents, three, one, or two vortexes that have different positions, strength, and directions may be found in the weld pool. Oxygen can cause significant changes in the weld shape by varying the sign of the surface tension coefficient. The situation with the maximum surface tension moves from the edge to the center with increasing oxygen content. As oxygen content exceeds a critical value, a positive surface tension coefficient dominates the flow patterns. The vortexes with opposite directions caused by positive surface tension coefficient can efficiently transfer the thermal energy from the arc, creating a deep weld pool. The critical oxygen content increases with the increase of the welding current.
    11 schema:genre article
    12 schema:inLanguage en
    13 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    14 schema:isPartOf N0a1968a2ba494364b9ab263bf2bc8aa5
    15 N2a30785754cc4efd9f69401189dd1e0d
    16 sg:journal.1136775
    17 schema:keywords PHOENICS software
    18 TIG weld pool
    19 TIG welding
    20 arc
    21 bead penetration
    22 center
    23 changes
    24 coefficient
    25 content
    26 content increases
    27 critical oxygen content increases
    28 critical value
    29 deep weld pool
    30 depth/width ratio
    31 different oxygen contents
    32 different positions
    33 direction
    34 distribution
    35 edge
    36 element oxygen
    37 elements
    38 energy
    39 flow patterns
    40 increase
    41 mathematical model
    42 maximum surface tension moves
    43 model
    44 moves
    45 opposite direction
    46 oxygen
    47 oxygen content
    48 oxygen content increases
    49 patterns
    50 penetration
    51 pool
    52 position
    53 positive surface tension coefficient
    54 ratio
    55 shape
    56 significant changes
    57 signs
    58 situation
    59 software
    60 stainless steel
    61 steel
    62 strength
    63 study
    64 surface tension coefficient
    65 surface tension moves
    66 surface-active element oxygen
    67 surface-active elements
    68 temperature distribution
    69 tension coefficient
    70 tension moves
    71 thermal energy
    72 three-dimensional mathematical model
    73 values
    74 vortices
    75 weld bead penetration
    76 weld pool
    77 weld shape
    78 welding
    79 width ratio
    80 schema:name The study of surface-active element oxygen on flow patterns and penetration in A-TIG welding
    81 schema:pagination 485-493
    82 schema:productId N16a35529f3734a82ac078c029d7642a4
    83 Nb3a6454010414830b5bd6091f4929105
    84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022722637
    85 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9
    86 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T18:09
    87 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    88 schema:sdPublisher Nca06bba0ff504c5e84d7e94f769fd8c3
    89 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9
    90 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    91 sgo:sdDataset articles
    92 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    93 N0a1968a2ba494364b9ab263bf2bc8aa5 schema:issueNumber 3
    94 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    95 N16a35529f3734a82ac078c029d7642a4 schema:name dimensions_id
    96 schema:value pub.1022722637
    97 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    98 N2a30785754cc4efd9f69401189dd1e0d schema:volumeNumber 37
    99 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    100 N356bcb83475a440e9b9c455c945fd781 rdf:first sg:person.010147557037.66
    101 rdf:rest N641157f8114141aa9b7f53c8bf277685
    102 N36e91705af3349628ae816696c05928f rdf:first N9ab33cfebaf74666a7fd959dcf7f5cc2
    103 rdf:rest N356bcb83475a440e9b9c455c945fd781
    104 N641157f8114141aa9b7f53c8bf277685 rdf:first sg:person.012521025203.12
    105 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    106 N9ab33cfebaf74666a7fd959dcf7f5cc2 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.12527.33
    107 schema:familyName Zhao
    108 schema:givenName Yuzhen
    109 rdf:type schema:Person
    110 Nb3a6454010414830b5bd6091f4929105 schema:name doi
    111 schema:value 10.1007/s11663-006-0032-9
    112 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    113 Nca06bba0ff504c5e84d7e94f769fd8c3 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    114 rdf:type schema:Organization
    115 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    116 schema:name Engineering
    117 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    118 anzsrc-for:0910 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    119 schema:name Manufacturing Engineering
    120 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    121 sg:journal.1136775 schema:issn 1073-5615
    122 1543-1916
    123 schema:name Metallurgical and Materials Transactions B
    124 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    125 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    126 sg:person.010147557037.66 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.28703.3e
    127 schema:familyName Shi
    128 schema:givenName Yaowu
    129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010147557037.66
    130 rdf:type schema:Person
    131 sg:person.012521025203.12 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.28703.3e
    132 schema:familyName Lei
    133 schema:givenName Yongping
    134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012521025203.12
    135 rdf:type schema:Person
    136 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02816047 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025985433
    137 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02816047
    138 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    139 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0017-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008887201
    140 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-001-0017-7
    141 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    142 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0035-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016118323
    143 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-001-0035-5
    144 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    145 sg:pub.10.1007/s11663-001-0080-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025708950
    146 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11663-001-0080-0
    147 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    148 grid-institutes:grid.12527.33 schema:alternateName the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
    149 schema:name the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, 100084, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
    150 rdf:type schema:Organization
    151 grid-institutes:grid.28703.3e schema:alternateName the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100022, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
    152 schema:name the School of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Technology, 100022, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
    153 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...