Process efficiency measurements in the laser engineered net shaping process View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2004-02

AUTHORS

R. R. Unocic, J. N. DuPont

ABSTRACT

A study of laser energy transfer efficiency, melting efficiency, and deposition efficiency has been conducted for the laser-engineered net-shaping process (LENS) for H-13 tool steel and copper powder deposits on H-13 tool steel substrates. This study focused on the effects of laser deposition processing parameters (laser power, travel speed, and powder mass flow rate) on laser beam absorption by the substrate material. Measurements revealed that laser energy transfer efficiency ranged from 30 to 50 pct. Laser beam coupling was found to be relatively insensitive to the range of processing parameters tested. Melting efficiency was found to increase with increasing laser input power, travel speed, and powder mass flow rate. A dimensionless parameter model that has been used to predict melting efficiency for laser beam welding processing was investigated for the LENS process. From these results, a semiempirical model was developed specifically for the LENS processing window. Deposition efficiency was also investigated and results show that under optimum processing conditions, the maximum deposition efficiency was approximately 14 pct. A semiempirical relation was developed to estimate deposition efficiency as a function of process efficiencies and LENS processing parameters. Knowledge of LENS process efficiencies measured in this study is useful to develop accurate heat flow and solidification models for the LENS process. More... »

PAGES

143-152

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1997-05. The laser forming of metallic components using particulate materials in JOM
  • 1996-06. Dilution in single pass arc welds in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11663-004-0104-7

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11663-004-0104-7

    DIMENSIONS

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