Dependence of fracture toughness of austempered ductile iron on austempering temperature View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1998-12

AUTHORS

P. Prasad Rao, Susil K. Putatunda

ABSTRACT

Ductile cast iron samples were austenitized at 927 °C and subsequently austempered for 30 minutes, 1 hour, and 2 hours at 260 °C, 288 °C, 316 °C, 343 °C, 371 °C, and 399 °C. These were subjected to a plane strain fracture toughness test. Fracture toughness was found to initially increase with austempering temperature, reach a maximum, and then decrease with further rise in temperature. The results of the fracture toughness study and fractographic examination were correlated with microstructural features such as bainite morphology, the volume fraction of retained austenite, and its carbon content. It was found that fracture toughness was maximized when the microstructure consisted of lower bainite with about 30 vol pct retained austenite containing more than 1.8 wt pct carbon. A theoretical model was developed, which could explain the observed variation in fracture toughness with austempering temperature in terms of microstructural features such as the width of the ferrite blades and retained austenite content. A plot of KIC2 against σy (Xγ, Cγ)1/2 resulted in a straight line, as predicted by the model. More... »

PAGES

3005-3016

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1995-02. The influence of chromium on mechanical properties of austempered ductile cast iron in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
  • 1997-07. Influence of microstructure on fracture toughness of austempered ductile iron in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1981-05. Mechanism of work hardening in Hadfield manganese steel in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1982-05. The Bainite reaction in Fe-Si-C Alloys: The primary stage in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1993-01. Solid-solution hardening in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 1986-05. Influence of austempering temperature on fracture toughness in bainitic nodular cast iron in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS
  • 1986-10. Strain Hardening of Hadfield Manganese Steel in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-998-0208-9

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-998-0208-9

    DIMENSIONS

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