Influence of the amount and morphology of retained austenite on the mechanical properties of an austempered ductile iron View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1997-05

AUTHORS

J. ARanzabal, I. Gutierrez, J. M. Rodriguez-Ibabe, J. J. Urcola

ABSTRACT

High Si contents in nodular cast irons lead to a significant volume fraction of retained austenite in the material after the austempering treatment. In the present work, the influence of the amount and morphology of this phase on the mechanical properties (proof stress, ultimate tensile strength (UTS), elongation, and toughness) has been analyzed for different austempering conditions. After 300 °C isothermal treatments at intermediate times, the austenite is plastically stable at room temperature and contributes, together with the bainitic ferrite, to the proof stress and the toughness of the material. For austenite volume fractions higher than 25 pct, the proof stress is controlled by this phase and the toughness depends mainly on the stability of γ. In these conditions (370 °C and 410 °C treatments), the present material exhibits a transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) effect, which leads to an improvement in ductility. It is shown that the strain level necessary to initiate the martensitic transformation induced by deformation depends on the carbon content of the austenite. The martensite formed under TRIP conditions can be of two different types: “autotempered” plate martensite, which forms at room temperature from an austenite with a quasi-coherent epsilon carbide precipitation, and lath martensite nucleated at twin boundaries and twin intersections. More... »

PAGES

1143-1156

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1982-12. Optimization of Fe/Cr/C base structural Steels for improved strength and toughness in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1987-03. Development of austempered ductile iron (ADI) for automobile crankshafts in JOURNAL OF HEAT TREATING
  • 1988-09. The microstructure and mechanical properties of austempered ductile iron in JOURNAL OF HEAT TREATING
  • 1990-12. Influence of deformation-induced martensite on fatigue crack propagation in 304-type steels in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1982-04. Effects of Strain State and Strain Rate on Deformation-Induced Transformation in 304 Stainless Steel: Part I. Magnetic Measurements and Mechanical Behavior in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1982-05. The Bainite Reaction in Fe-Si-C Alloys: The Secondary Stage in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1990-07. The relation of hardness to toughness and retained austenite content in N2-H2-CH4 sintered T6, T15 and T42 high-speed steels in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 1984-12. The effects of metallurgical process variables on the properties of austempered ductile irons in JOURNAL OF HEAT TREATING
  • 1995-05. Homogeneous formation of epsilon carbides within the austenite during the isothermal transformation of a ductile iron at 410 °C in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1988-06. A model for the strength of the As-deposited regions of steel weld metals in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1979-07. The influence of the lath morphology on the yield stress and transition temperature of martensitic- bainitic steels in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-997-0280-6

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-997-0280-6

    DIMENSIONS

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