The Nature of Native MgO in Mg and Its Alloys View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2020-04-12

AUTHORS

Shihao Wang, Yun Wang, Quentin Ramasse, Zhongyun Fan

ABSTRACT

Native MgO particles in Mg-alloy melts have been recently exploited as potential substrates for heterogeneous nucleation during solidification, leading to significant grain refinement of various Mg-alloys. However, our current knowledge of the nature of the native MgO particles is still limited. In this work, we study both the physical and chemical nature of the native MgO in commercial purity Mg and Mg-9Al alloy by means of advanced electron microscopy. We found that as oxidation products MgO aggregates exist in the alloy melt in three different forms: dominantly young oxide film, occasionally old oxide film and ingot skin, all consisting of discrete nano-sized MgO particles. Detailed analysis shows that the native MgO particles have an octahedral or cubic morphology, a nano-scale particle size and a log-normal size distribution. The mechanisms underlying the formation of the two types of MgO were investigated, and we found that octahedral MgO is formed by oxidation of Mg melt and cubic MgO by oxidation of Mg vapor. With a large lattice misfit with α-Mg, the native MgO particles are impotent for heterogeneous nucleation, but can be made effective for grain refinement. More... »

PAGES

2957-2974

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2007-01-27. Double Oxide Film Defects in Cast Magnesium Alloy in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2012-06-28. Fiji: an open-source platform for biological-image analysis in NATURE METHODS
  • 2018-04-10. Competitive Heterogeneous Nucleation Between Zr and MgO Particles in Commercial Purity Magnesium in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2014. Automotive Magnesium: Impacts and Opportunities in MAGNESIUM TECHNOLOGY 2014
  • 2012-11-08. An Epitaxial Model for Heterogeneous Nucleation on Potent Substrates in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2006-12. An overview of the effects of bifilms on the structure and properties of cast alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 2018-09-27. Effect of Substrate Chemistry on Prenucleation in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2019-12-09. Prenucleation at the Interface Between MgO and Liquid Magnesium: An Ab Initio Molecular Dynamics Study in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2013-10-26. Effect of Melt Cleanliness on the Mechanical Properties and Microstructure on AZ91E Mg Alloy Castings in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS ENGINEERING AND PERFORMANCE
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    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05740-1

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05740-1

    DIMENSIONS

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    187 schema:name School of Chemical and Process Engineering and School of Physics, University of Leeds, LS2 9JT, Leeds, UK
    188 SuperSTEM Laboratory, SciTech Daresbury Campus, WA4 4AD, Daresbury, UK
    189 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




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