Quenching and Partitioning–Based Heat Treatment for Rolled Grinding Steel Balls View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2020-04-06

AUTHORS

V. I. Zurnadzhy, V. G. Efremenko, K. M. Wu, A. G. Lekatou, K. Shimizu, Yu. G. Chabak, D. S. Zotov, E. V. Dunayev

ABSTRACT

A “Quenching and Partitioning” (Q&P)–based heat treatment has been applied to rolled grinding steel (0.75 wt pct C-Mn-Cr) balls of 104-mm diameter to prevent their cracking during heat treatment. The conventional route of ball manufacturing includes rolling, water quenching interrupted when the bulk average temperature is 220 °C to 250 °C, and self-tempering in a large pile. This technology leads to cracking when the balls are made of steel of high hardenability. To overcome this deficiency, the Q&P principle is herein adopted by (a) adjusting the quenching duration to cool the ball center below the martensite start (Ms) temperature and (b) instead of self-tempering applying furnace tempering. The target bulk temperature of the ball that ensures an optimal “martensite/retained austenite” ratio inside the ball at the moment of water quenching interruption is determined as 125 °C to 170 °C. Quenching should be followed by tempering at 200 °C to 250 °C for stress release at the surface and carbon partitioning from martensite to austenite in the core. The resulting microstructure varies from tempered martensite in the “shell” layers to a mixture of martensite-bainite and retained austenite (RA) in the inner zones, where the austenite content is 25 to 30 vol pct. The carbon enrichment in austenite toward the core of the ball leads to balanced stresses and prevention of ball cracking. Q&P-heat-treated balls in an industrial-scale trial attained a uniform hardness of approximately 55 HRC through the cross section and a high fracture resistance under repetitive impacts of 6.8 kJ energy each. More... »

PAGES

3042-3053

References to SciGraph publications

  • 2017-06. Production of grinding balls resistant to abrasive wear in STEEL IN TRANSLATION
  • 1989-05-01. Evaluation of commercial US grinding balls by laboratory impact and abrasion tests in MINING, METALLURGY & EXPLORATION
  • 2017-07. Application of the Q-n-P-Treatment for Increasing the Wear Resistance of Low-Alloy Steel with 0.75% C in MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 2015-01-21. Carbon Enrichment in Austenite During Bainite Transformation in Fe-3Mn-C Alloy in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2011-08-09. Development of New High-Strength Carbide-Free Bainitic Steels in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2015-12-29. Effect of Prior Athermal Martensite on the Isothermal Transformation Kinetics Below Ms in a Low-C High-Si Steel in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2010-02-12. Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of an Ultrahigh-Strength 40SiMnNiCr Steel during the One-Step Quenching and Partitioning Process in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2001-07. Effect of Heat Treatment on the Properties of Highly Hardenable Rolled Milling Balls in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2017-01. Effect of bulk heat treatment and plasma surface hardening on the microstructure and erosion wear resistance of complex-alloyed cast irons with spheroidal vanadium carbides in JOURNAL OF FRICTION AND WEAR
  • 1990-08. Heat treatment of rail steel using induction heating in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2013-07-26. Quenching and Partitioning Steel Heat Treatment in METALLOGRAPHY, MICROSTRUCTURE, AND ANALYSIS
  • 2017-09. Effect of Heat Treatment on the Hardness and Wear of Grinding Balls in METAL SCIENCE AND HEAT TREATMENT
  • 2016-02-27. Effect of lower bainite/martensite/retained austenite triplex microstructure on the mechanical properties of a low-carbon steel with quenching and partitioning process in INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MINERALS, METALLURGY AND MATERIALS
  • 2015-09-10. High Wear Resistance of White Cast Iron Treated by Novel Process: Principle and Mechanism in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2008-02. Improving the hardness of OAO Azovstal Metallurgical Combine steel balls for crushing mills in STEEL IN TRANSLATION
  • 2014-01. Introduction of Three-Stage Thermal Hardening Technology for Large Diameter Grinding Balls in METALLURGIST
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126178166


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.446229.f", 
              "name": [
                "Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zurnadzhy", 
            "givenName": "V. I.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012141267615.95", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012141267615.95"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.446229.f", 
              "name": [
                "Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Efremenko", 
            "givenName": "V. G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011144572363.74", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011144572363.74"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Collaborative Center on Advanced Steels, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, 430080, Wuhan, China", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.412787.f", 
              "name": [
                "The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Collaborative Center on Advanced Steels, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, 430080, Wuhan, China"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Wu", 
            "givenName": "K. M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012042166701.23", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012042166701.23"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Laboratory of Applied Metallurgy, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45110, Ioannina, Greece", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9594.1", 
              "name": [
                "Laboratory of Applied Metallurgy, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45110, Ioannina, Greece"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Lekatou", 
            "givenName": "A. G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.010546326615.06", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010546326615.06"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Muroran Institute of Technology, 050-8585, Muroran, Japan", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.420014.3", 
              "name": [
                "Muroran Institute of Technology, 050-8585, Muroran, Japan"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Shimizu", 
            "givenName": "K.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015766523455.76", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015766523455.76"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.446229.f", 
              "name": [
                "Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Chabak", 
            "givenName": "Yu. G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.015712634121.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015712634121.91"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "PJSC \u201cAZOVSTAL Iron & Steel Works\u201d, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "PJSC \u201cAZOVSTAL Iron & Steel Works\u201d, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Zotov", 
            "givenName": "D. S.", 
            "id": "sg:person.012725216337.00", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012725216337.00"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "PJSC \u201cAZOVSTAL Iron & Steel Works\u201d, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "PJSC \u201cAZOVSTAL Iron & Steel Works\u201d, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Dunayev", 
            "givenName": "E. V.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00700711", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007031388", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00700711"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s12613-016-1239-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052879769", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-016-1239-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-3285-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004832605", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-3285-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-010-0184-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051050585", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-010-0184-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3103/s1068366617010056", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084427424", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068366617010056"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-011-0797-6", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038546254", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-011-0797-6"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11003-017-0045-3", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091929326", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11003-017-0045-3"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3103/s0967091208020186", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036384765", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3103/s0967091208020186"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11015-014-9812-7", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023712414", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11015-014-9812-7"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-017-0146-5", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092051251", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11041-017-0146-5"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf03402527", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107767004", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03402527"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-2744-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027540926", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-2744-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-3137-4", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027836944", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-3137-4"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.3103/s0967091217060122", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091897640", 
              "https://doi.org/10.3103/s0967091217060122"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1023/a:1012702125578", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035113917", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1012702125578"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s13632-013-0082-8", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017511524", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/s13632-013-0082-8"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "2020-04-06", 
        "datePublishedReg": "2020-04-06", 
        "description": "A \u201cQuenching and Partitioning\u201d (Q&P)\u2013based heat treatment has been applied to rolled grinding steel (0.75 wt pct C-Mn-Cr) balls of 104-mm diameter to prevent their cracking during heat treatment. The conventional route of ball manufacturing includes rolling, water quenching interrupted when the bulk average temperature is 220 \u00b0C to 250 \u00b0C, and self-tempering in a large pile. This technology leads to cracking when the balls are made of steel of high hardenability. To overcome this deficiency, the Q&P principle is herein adopted by (a) adjusting the quenching duration to cool the ball center below the martensite start (Ms) temperature and (b) instead of self-tempering applying furnace tempering. The target bulk temperature of the ball that ensures an optimal \u201cmartensite/retained austenite\u201d ratio inside the ball at the moment of water quenching interruption is determined as 125 \u00b0C to 170 \u00b0C. Quenching should be followed by tempering at 200 \u00b0C to 250 \u00b0C for stress release at the surface and carbon partitioning from martensite to austenite in the core. The resulting microstructure varies from tempered martensite in the \u201cshell\u201d layers to a mixture of martensite-bainite and retained austenite (RA) in the inner zones, where the austenite content is 25 to 30 vol pct. The carbon enrichment in austenite toward the core of the ball leads to balanced stresses and prevention of ball cracking. Q&P-heat-treated balls in an industrial-scale trial attained a uniform hardness of approximately 55 HRC through the cross section and a high fracture resistance under repetitive impacts of 6.8 kJ energy each.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136292", 
            "issn": [
              "1073-5623", 
              "1543-1940"
            ], 
            "name": "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "6", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "51"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "heat treatment", 
          "industrial scale trials", 
          "bulk average temperature", 
          "martensite start temperature", 
          "higher fracture resistance", 
          "high hardenability", 
          "water quenching", 
          "vol pct", 
          "steel ball", 
          "austenite content", 
          "bulk temperature", 
          "uniform hardness", 
          "microstructure varies", 
          "fracture resistance", 
          "start temperature", 
          "repetitive impacts", 
          "martensite", 
          "balanced stress", 
          "stress release", 
          "kJ energy", 
          "cracking", 
          "ball center", 
          "conventional routes", 
          "carbon enrichment", 
          "large piles", 
          "ball", 
          "temperature", 
          "average temperature", 
          "steel", 
          "hardenability", 
          "austenite", 
          "rolling", 
          "tempering", 
          "hardness", 
          "HRC", 
          "manufacturing", 
          "piles", 
          "quenching", 
          "layer", 
          "surface", 
          "PCT", 
          "shell", 
          "energy", 
          "core", 
          "diameter", 
          "water", 
          "technology", 
          "carbon", 
          "inner zone", 
          "cross sections", 
          "mixture", 
          "stress", 
          "zone", 
          "resistance", 
          "ratio", 
          "route", 
          "content", 
          "principles", 
          "moment", 
          "sections", 
          "interruption", 
          "varies", 
          "partitioning", 
          "impact", 
          "release", 
          "enrichment", 
          "treatment", 
          "center", 
          "duration", 
          "deficiency", 
          "prevention", 
          "trials"
        ], 
        "name": "Quenching and Partitioning\u2013Based Heat Treatment for Rolled Grinding Steel Balls", 
        "pagination": "3042-3053", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1126178166"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126178166"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2022-11-24T21:05", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221124/entities/gbq_results/article/article_861.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    253 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      112 URIs      88 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N295655d1dbca492790c885762bd90f42
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00700711
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03402527
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/s11003-017-0045-3
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/s11015-014-9812-7
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-017-0146-5
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-010-0184-8
    10 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-011-0797-6
    11 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-2744-4
    12 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-3137-4
    13 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-3285-6
    14 sg:pub.10.1007/s12613-016-1239-7
    15 sg:pub.10.1007/s13632-013-0082-8
    16 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1012702125578
    17 sg:pub.10.3103/s0967091208020186
    18 sg:pub.10.3103/s0967091217060122
    19 sg:pub.10.3103/s1068366617010056
    20 schema:datePublished 2020-04-06
    21 schema:datePublishedReg 2020-04-06
    22 schema:description A “Quenching and Partitioning” (Q&P)–based heat treatment has been applied to rolled grinding steel (0.75 wt pct C-Mn-Cr) balls of 104-mm diameter to prevent their cracking during heat treatment. The conventional route of ball manufacturing includes rolling, water quenching interrupted when the bulk average temperature is 220 °C to 250 °C, and self-tempering in a large pile. This technology leads to cracking when the balls are made of steel of high hardenability. To overcome this deficiency, the Q&P principle is herein adopted by (a) adjusting the quenching duration to cool the ball center below the martensite start (Ms) temperature and (b) instead of self-tempering applying furnace tempering. The target bulk temperature of the ball that ensures an optimal “martensite/retained austenite” ratio inside the ball at the moment of water quenching interruption is determined as 125 °C to 170 °C. Quenching should be followed by tempering at 200 °C to 250 °C for stress release at the surface and carbon partitioning from martensite to austenite in the core. The resulting microstructure varies from tempered martensite in the “shell” layers to a mixture of martensite-bainite and retained austenite (RA) in the inner zones, where the austenite content is 25 to 30 vol pct. The carbon enrichment in austenite toward the core of the ball leads to balanced stresses and prevention of ball cracking. Q&P-heat-treated balls in an industrial-scale trial attained a uniform hardness of approximately 55 HRC through the cross section and a high fracture resistance under repetitive impacts of 6.8 kJ energy each.
    23 schema:genre article
    24 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    25 schema:isPartOf N1e292d8678144b8b97815f210f5a832a
    26 N8234be111c3847829947b7bf320e8fab
    27 sg:journal.1136292
    28 schema:keywords HRC
    29 PCT
    30 austenite
    31 austenite content
    32 average temperature
    33 balanced stress
    34 ball
    35 ball center
    36 bulk average temperature
    37 bulk temperature
    38 carbon
    39 carbon enrichment
    40 center
    41 content
    42 conventional routes
    43 core
    44 cracking
    45 cross sections
    46 deficiency
    47 diameter
    48 duration
    49 energy
    50 enrichment
    51 fracture resistance
    52 hardenability
    53 hardness
    54 heat treatment
    55 high hardenability
    56 higher fracture resistance
    57 impact
    58 industrial scale trials
    59 inner zone
    60 interruption
    61 kJ energy
    62 large piles
    63 layer
    64 manufacturing
    65 martensite
    66 martensite start temperature
    67 microstructure varies
    68 mixture
    69 moment
    70 partitioning
    71 piles
    72 prevention
    73 principles
    74 quenching
    75 ratio
    76 release
    77 repetitive impacts
    78 resistance
    79 rolling
    80 route
    81 sections
    82 shell
    83 start temperature
    84 steel
    85 steel ball
    86 stress
    87 stress release
    88 surface
    89 technology
    90 temperature
    91 tempering
    92 treatment
    93 trials
    94 uniform hardness
    95 varies
    96 vol pct
    97 water
    98 water quenching
    99 zone
    100 schema:name Quenching and Partitioning–Based Heat Treatment for Rolled Grinding Steel Balls
    101 schema:pagination 3042-3053
    102 schema:productId N0939749ac37c4ecd954a46dbe74a4c77
    103 N0d7ced77d28b48a4b932b0f56afe5513
    104 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1126178166
    105 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w
    106 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-11-24T21:05
    107 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    108 schema:sdPublisher N531761e710ad4cfb9a161b6f9ee8479e
    109 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w
    110 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    111 sgo:sdDataset articles
    112 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    113 N0939749ac37c4ecd954a46dbe74a4c77 schema:name doi
    114 schema:value 10.1007/s11661-020-05737-w
    115 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    116 N0d7ced77d28b48a4b932b0f56afe5513 schema:name dimensions_id
    117 schema:value pub.1126178166
    118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    119 N0dc2e82af7084d55b992ed46d54db5e4 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    120 schema:familyName Dunayev
    121 schema:givenName E. V.
    122 rdf:type schema:Person
    123 N1e292d8678144b8b97815f210f5a832a schema:volumeNumber 51
    124 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    125 N295655d1dbca492790c885762bd90f42 rdf:first sg:person.012141267615.95
    126 rdf:rest Nd22df6078c3f4affa53d5c325718d908
    127 N2a1c6f2a530f4eaeacac7abf4ecef0b7 rdf:first sg:person.012042166701.23
    128 rdf:rest N76215899191c4c89bf89a8e6e674a2b6
    129 N531761e710ad4cfb9a161b6f9ee8479e schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    130 rdf:type schema:Organization
    131 N6b3c7cab131f4a1e9dc9440dd4167f56 rdf:first sg:person.015766523455.76
    132 rdf:rest N824981daf4d34a41b62c07f1cbbc7a93
    133 N76215899191c4c89bf89a8e6e674a2b6 rdf:first sg:person.010546326615.06
    134 rdf:rest N6b3c7cab131f4a1e9dc9440dd4167f56
    135 N8234be111c3847829947b7bf320e8fab schema:issueNumber 6
    136 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    137 N824981daf4d34a41b62c07f1cbbc7a93 rdf:first sg:person.015712634121.91
    138 rdf:rest Nff1cebcdfc0d4e66a5b335799aeb845f
    139 N8a0b967ffab94645aa49925c2f3ebbf8 rdf:first N0dc2e82af7084d55b992ed46d54db5e4
    140 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    141 Nd22df6078c3f4affa53d5c325718d908 rdf:first sg:person.011144572363.74
    142 rdf:rest N2a1c6f2a530f4eaeacac7abf4ecef0b7
    143 Nff1cebcdfc0d4e66a5b335799aeb845f rdf:first sg:person.012725216337.00
    144 rdf:rest N8a0b967ffab94645aa49925c2f3ebbf8
    145 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    146 schema:name Engineering
    147 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    148 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    149 schema:name Materials Engineering
    150 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    151 sg:journal.1136292 schema:issn 1073-5623
    152 1543-1940
    153 schema:name Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
    154 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    155 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    156 sg:person.010546326615.06 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9594.1
    157 schema:familyName Lekatou
    158 schema:givenName A. G.
    159 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010546326615.06
    160 rdf:type schema:Person
    161 sg:person.011144572363.74 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.446229.f
    162 schema:familyName Efremenko
    163 schema:givenName V. G.
    164 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011144572363.74
    165 rdf:type schema:Person
    166 sg:person.012042166701.23 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.412787.f
    167 schema:familyName Wu
    168 schema:givenName K. M.
    169 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012042166701.23
    170 rdf:type schema:Person
    171 sg:person.012141267615.95 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.446229.f
    172 schema:familyName Zurnadzhy
    173 schema:givenName V. I.
    174 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012141267615.95
    175 rdf:type schema:Person
    176 sg:person.012725216337.00 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    177 schema:familyName Zotov
    178 schema:givenName D. S.
    179 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012725216337.00
    180 rdf:type schema:Person
    181 sg:person.015712634121.91 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.446229.f
    182 schema:familyName Chabak
    183 schema:givenName Yu. G.
    184 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015712634121.91
    185 rdf:type schema:Person
    186 sg:person.015766523455.76 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.420014.3
    187 schema:familyName Shimizu
    188 schema:givenName K.
    189 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015766523455.76
    190 rdf:type schema:Person
    191 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00700711 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007031388
    192 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00700711
    193 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    194 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03402527 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1107767004
    195 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03402527
    196 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    197 sg:pub.10.1007/s11003-017-0045-3 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091929326
    198 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11003-017-0045-3
    199 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    200 sg:pub.10.1007/s11015-014-9812-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023712414
    201 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11015-014-9812-7
    202 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    203 sg:pub.10.1007/s11041-017-0146-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1092051251
    204 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11041-017-0146-5
    205 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    206 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-010-0184-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051050585
    207 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-010-0184-8
    208 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    209 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-011-0797-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038546254
    210 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-011-0797-6
    211 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    212 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-2744-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027540926
    213 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-2744-4
    214 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    215 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-3137-4 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027836944
    216 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-3137-4
    217 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    218 sg:pub.10.1007/s11661-015-3285-6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004832605
    219 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11661-015-3285-6
    220 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    221 sg:pub.10.1007/s12613-016-1239-7 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052879769
    222 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12613-016-1239-7
    223 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    224 sg:pub.10.1007/s13632-013-0082-8 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017511524
    225 https://doi.org/10.1007/s13632-013-0082-8
    226 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    227 sg:pub.10.1023/a:1012702125578 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035113917
    228 https://doi.org/10.1023/a:1012702125578
    229 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    230 sg:pub.10.3103/s0967091208020186 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036384765
    231 https://doi.org/10.3103/s0967091208020186
    232 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    233 sg:pub.10.3103/s0967091217060122 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1091897640
    234 https://doi.org/10.3103/s0967091217060122
    235 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    236 sg:pub.10.3103/s1068366617010056 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1084427424
    237 https://doi.org/10.3103/s1068366617010056
    238 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    239 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName PJSC “AZOVSTAL Iron & Steel Works”, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine
    240 schema:name PJSC “AZOVSTAL Iron & Steel Works”, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine
    241 rdf:type schema:Organization
    242 grid-institutes:grid.412787.f schema:alternateName The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Collaborative Center on Advanced Steels, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, 430080, Wuhan, China
    243 schema:name The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and Metallurgy, Hubei Collaborative Center on Advanced Steels, International Research Institute for Steel Technology, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, 430080, Wuhan, China
    244 rdf:type schema:Organization
    245 grid-institutes:grid.420014.3 schema:alternateName Muroran Institute of Technology, 050-8585, Muroran, Japan
    246 schema:name Muroran Institute of Technology, 050-8585, Muroran, Japan
    247 rdf:type schema:Organization
    248 grid-institutes:grid.446229.f schema:alternateName Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine
    249 schema:name Pryazovskyi State Technical University, 87555, Mariupol, Ukraine
    250 rdf:type schema:Organization
    251 grid-institutes:grid.9594.1 schema:alternateName Laboratory of Applied Metallurgy, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45110, Ioannina, Greece
    252 schema:name Laboratory of Applied Metallurgy, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, 45110, Ioannina, Greece
    253 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...