Microstructural Evolution and Solidification Behavior of Al-Mg-Si Alloy in High-Pressure Die Casting View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2013-02-16

AUTHORS

Shouxun Ji, Yun Wang, D. Watson, Z. Fan

ABSTRACT

Microstructural evolution and solidification behavior of Al-5 wt pct Mg-1.5 wt pct Si-0.6 wt pct Mn-0.2 wt pct Ti alloy have been investigated using high-pressure die casting. Solidification commences with the formation of primary α-Al phase in the shot sleeve and is completed in the die cavity. The average size of dendrites and fragmented dendrites of the primary α-Al phase formed in the shot sleeve is 43 μm, and the globular primary α-Al grains formed inside the die cavity is at a size of 7.5 μm. Solidification inside the die cavity also forms the lamellar Al-Mg2Si eutectic phase and the Fe-rich intermetallics. The size of the eutectic cells is about 10 μm, in which the lamellar α-Al phase is 0.41 μm thick. The Fe-rich intermetallic compound exhibits a compact morphology and is less than 2 μm with a composition of 1.62 at. pct Si, 3.94 at. pct Fe, and 2.31 at. pct Mn. A solute-enriched circular band is always observed parallel to the surface of the casting. The band zone separates the outer skin region from the central region of the casting. The solute concentration is consistent in the skin region and shows a general drop toward the center inside the band for Mg and Si. The peak of the solute enrichment in the band zone is much higher than the nominal composition of the alloy. The die casting exhibits a combination of brittle and ductile fracture. There is no significant difference on the fracture morphology in the three regions. The band zone is not significantly detrimental in terms of the fracture mechanism in the die casting. Calculations using the Mullins and Sekerka stability criterion reveal that the solidification of the primary α-Al phase inside the die cavity has been completed before the spherical α-Al globules begin to lose their stability, but the α-Al grains formed in the shot sleeve exceed the limit of spherical growth and therefore exhibit a dendritic morphology. More... »

PAGES

3185-3197

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 2007-04-25. Al-Mg-Si (Aluminum-Magnesium-Silicon) in JOURNAL OF PHASE EQUILIBRIA AND DIFFUSION
  • 1986-01. The influence of Fe and Cr on the microstructure of cast Al-Si-Mg alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1997-03-01. The solidification process of Al–Mg–Si alloys in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
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  • 2009-04-28. Microstructure Formation in AlSi4MgMn and AlMg5Si2Mn High-Pressure Die Castings in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2005-07. Grain refinement of A356 alloy by AlTiC/AlTiB master alloys in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • <error retrieving object. in <ERROR RETRIEVING OBJECT
  • 1991-12. Eutectic growth under rapid solidification conditions in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2009-10. Studies on the microstructure and mechanical properties of A356 alloy with minor additions of copper and magnesium in TRANSACTIONS OF THE INDIAN INSTITUTE OF METALS
  • 1996-03. Numerical modeling of cellular/dendritic array growth: spacing and structure predictions in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 2001-03. Eutectic reaction and microstructural characteristics of Al (Li)-Mg2Si alloys in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
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