Production of Ni3Ti-TiCx intermetallic-ceramic composites employing combustion synthesis reactions View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

2006-03

AUTHORS

Douglas E. Burkes, John J. Moore, Guglielmo Gottoli, Hu Chun Yi

ABSTRACT

Combustion synthesis (CS) of nickel, titanium, and carbon (graphite) reactant particles can result in NiTi-TiC (stoichiometric) or Ni3Ti-TiCx (nonstoichiometric) composites. Since NiTi exhibits both superelasticity and shape memory properties while Ni3Ti does not, it is important to understand the SHS reaction conditions under which each of these composite systems may be synthesized. The stoichiometry of TiCx, for which 0.3 ≤ x ≤ 0.5, has an important controlling effect on the formation of either Ni3Ti or NiTi; i.e., formation of TiC0.7 results in a depletion of titanium and formation of Ni3Ti. This deficiency should be considered when developing the SHS reaction. This article examines the SHS conditions under which Ni3Ti-TiCx composites are produced. Ignition, combustion, and microstructure characteristics of nickel, titanium, and carbon (graphite) particles were investigated as a function of initial relative density and thermophysical properties of the reactant mixture. Combination of the thermophysical properties and burning velocities controlled TiCx particle size, yielding a dependence of particle size on cooling rate. Theoretical calculations were performed and are in good agreement with the experimental data presented. More... »

PAGES

1045-1053

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1990-01. Macrokinetics of structural transformation during the gasless combustion of a titanium and carbon powder mixture in COMBUSTION, EXPLOSION, AND SHOCK WAVES
  • 1980-01. Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of titanium nickelide in POWDER METALLURGY AND METAL CERAMICS
  • 1978-09. Effect of capillary spreading on combustion-wave propagation in gas-free system in COMBUSTION, EXPLOSION, AND SHOCK WAVES
  • 1995-11. Combustion synthesis in the Ti-C-Ni-Mo system: Part I. Micromechanisms in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1995-11. Combustion synthesis in the Ti-C-Ni-Mo system: Part II. Analysis in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1975-05. Gasless combustion of metal powder mixtures in COMBUSTION, EXPLOSION, AND SHOCK WAVES
  • 1976-09. Problem of the mechanism of gasless combustion in COMBUSTION, EXPLOSION, AND SHOCK WAVES
  • 1989-10. Combustion synthesis of TiNi intermetallic compounds in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE
  • 1994-01. Equilibrium in the reaction of Ti and C to form substoichiometric TiCx in JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE LETTERS
  • 1985. Liquid Phase Sintering in NONE
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-006-0077-z

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-006-0077-z

    DIMENSIONS

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