A review of very-high-temperature Nb-silicide-based composites View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2003-10

AUTHORS

B. P. Bewlay, M. R. Jackson, P. R. Subramanian, J. -C. Zhao

ABSTRACT

The temperatures of airfoil surfaces in advanced turbine engines are approaching the limits of nickel-based superalloys. Innovations in refractory metal-intermetallic composites (RMICs) are being pursued, with particular emphasis on systems based on Nb-Si and Mo-Si-B alloys. These systems have the potential for service at surface temperatures >1350 °C. The present article will review the most recent progress in the development of Nb-silicide-based in-situ composites for very-high-temperature applications. Nb-silicide-based composites contain high-strength silicides that are toughened by a ductile Nb-based solid solution. Simple composites are based on binary Nb-Si alloys; more complex systems are alloyed with Ti, Hf, Cr, and Al. In higher-order silicide-based systems, alloying elements have been added to stabilize intermetallics, such as Laves phases, for additional oxidation resistance. Alloying schemes have been developed to achieve an excellent balance of room-temperature toughness, high-temperature creep performance, and oxidation resistance. Recent progress in the development of composite processing-structure-property relationships in Nb-silicide-based in-situ composites will be described, with emphasis on rupture resistance and oxidation performance. The Nb-silicide composite properties will be compared with those of advanced Ni-based superalloys. More... »

PAGES

2043-2052

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/s11661-003-0269-8

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11661-003-0269-8

DIMENSIONS

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